Applied Physics to Biology And Medicine, Mathematical Analysis And Radiation Protection

A.Y. 2021/2022
5
Max ECTS
50
Overall hours
SSD
FIS/07 MAT/05 MED/36
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The module aims to provide the fundamental notions and methodology of physics, mathematical analysis and radiation protection useful for identifying, understanding and interpreting biomedical phenomena
Expected learning outcomes
At the end it is required to provide the fundamental notions and the methodology of physics, mathematical analysis and radiation protection useful for identifying, understanding and interpreting biomedical phenomena.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

More specific information on the delivery modes of training activities for academic year 2021/22 will be provided over the coming months, based on the evolution of the public health situation.
Prerequisites for admission
No prior knowledge is required.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The assessment of skills by the student will be achieved through a WRITTEN QUIZ TEST.
The evaluation will be expressed in thirtieths and there are currently no intermediate tests or pre-appeals.
Applied physics for biology and medicine
Course syllabus
Introduction: Historical development and fields of application of physics. Specificity of physics applied to biology and medicine
Measurements and Units of Measure
kinematics
Forces and Moments
Static
Dynamic
Heat
Hydraulics
Electricity
Electrical systems and safety
Teaching methods
The method of delivery of the course is based on classroom lectures.
Teaching Resources
Joseph W. Kane, Morton M. Sternheim. Fisica biomedica. Corso introduttivo per medicina. Scienze biologiche. Scienze naturali. Farmacia. 650 pp. Editore EMSI
Mathematical analysis
Course syllabus
Number concept
Function concept
Analytic geometry
Trigonometry
Derivative function
Vector calculation
Teaching methods
The method of delivery of the course is based on classroom lectures.
Teaching Resources
Richiami di matematica in appendice a: Joseph W. Kane, Morton M. Sternheim. Fisica biomedica. Corso introduttivo per medicina. Scienze biologiche. Scienze naturali. Farmacia. 650 pp. Editore EMSI, 2007 ISBN-10: 8886669623
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
Course syllabus
Properties of ionizing radiation.
Directly ionizing radiation interactions. Interactions of indirectly ionizing radiation.
RADIATION AND DOSIMETRY RISKS
Biologici Biological effects of radiation. Risk / Benefit Analysis. Dose optimization. Absorbed dose, equivalent to dose, effective dose, their unit of measure.
RADIOPROTECTION
Radiation protection legislation. Use of personal protective equipment. Potential exposures. Accidents involving over exposure to ionizing radiation.
RADIOLOGICAL PRACTICES THAT REQUIRE SPECIAL ATTENTION
Potential and ongoing pregnancy.
Babies and infancy.
PATIENT MANAGEMENT AND ITS RADIATION PROTECTION
Justification and individual exposure. Informed consent Appropriate use of previous clinical and technical information, and alternative procedures.
Definition and use of the reference diagnostic levels.
RADIODIAGNOSTICS
Elements of radiological technique X-rays (nature and production) Choice and use of radiodiagnostic equipment.
Factors that influence the radiation dose.
Dosimetry Quality assurance and control.
Fluoroscopy Digital CT fluoroscopy. Interventional procedures Vascular imaging Image quality in relation to the dose Correct use of contrast media
RADIOTHERAPY
Production of ionizing radiation. Radiobiology Indications of radiotherapy Radiotherapy procedures and equipment: Dosimetry
Radio sensitization Target volumes Radiation protection and specific regulations for radiotherapy.
Early and late side effects
NUCLEAR MEDICINE
Atomic structure and radioactivity Radioactive decay Indications of nuclear medical investigations.
Procedures, instrumentation and equipment for Nuclear Medicine. Quality assurance and quality controls
Radiopharmaceuticals Preparation of individual doses Calibration of doses Radioprotection and specific legislation in nuclear medicine.
Protection of organs at risk Pregnancy and lactation Special provisions for patients with radioactivity
Procedures for radioactive waste.
Teaching methods
The method of delivery of the course is based on classroom lectures.
Teaching Resources
1) Diapositive e sintesi del corso sotto forma di domande e risposte per la verifica dell'apprendimento
2) Testo La Radioprotezione nelle attività sanitarie Manuale informativo della Regione Toscana
3) Pubblicazione "La radioprotezione nelle attività sanitarie (http://www.ospedalesicuro.eu/attachments/article/191/RadIoniz_RegLomb20…)"
Applied physics for biology and medicine
FIS/07 - APPLIED PHYSICS - University credits: 3
Lessons: 30 hours
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
MED/36 - IMAGING AND RADIOTHERAPY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Mathematical analysis
MAT/05 - MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours