Basic crop protection

A.Y. 2021/2022
Overall hours
AGR/11 AGR/12
Learning objectives
Learn the basics of plant pathogens, their biology, infection modalities, epidemiology, diagnosis, damage and means of control. To know the fundamental characteristics of the pathogens of forage plants, of the diseases they cause and of the possibility of contamination by mycotoxins within the agro-zootechnical chain. Acquire the awareness of the role of the correct management of plant diseases as a tool to guarantee access to food resources on a global scale.
Expected learning outcomes
Learn to correctly and sustainably recognize the main plant diseases of forage plants. Ability to implement the means of control necessary to minimize contamination by mycotoxins in agro-zootechnical productions.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
More specific information on the delivery modes of training activities for academic year 2021/22 will be provided over the coming months, based on the evolution of the public health situation.
Course syllabus
Plant Pathology and Food Security - Historical perspective on the evolution of knowledge in plant pathology and socio-economic impact of plant diseases. Food security, plant health and climate changes. Host-pathogen-environment interaction and classification of diseases based on the physio-pathological criterion (epiphytic, trophic, necrotic, lithic, auxonic, vascular and hypnochereutic diseases). Biotic agents of disease: nematodes, flowering plants, fungi, bacteria, phytoplasmas, viruses and viroids. General characteristics of each group, description of the infection process, development, reproduction and forms of survival. The defense mechanisms of the plant: innate immunity, systemic acquired resistance and its induction with synthetic and natural compounds. Overview on the epidemiology of diseases. Disease control: agronomical practices and general information on inorganic and organic pesticides. Fungicide resistance.
Description of specific diseases and case studies. Diseases of forage crops. Post-harvest diseases. Mycotoxins and mycotoxicoses.

Agri-livestock Entomology:
Prerequisites for admission
Plant Pathology and Food Security: fundamentals of botany, plant biochemistrey and physiology, microbiology and agronomy.

Agri-livestock Entomology:
Teaching methods
Plant Pathology and Food Security: lectures and laboratory.

Agri-livestock Entomology:
Teaching Resources
Plant Pathology and Food Security - G.Belli e altri, Fondamenti di Patologia Vegetale II^ edizione, Piccin Editore, Padova 2011. IT platform Ariel.

Agri-livestock Entomology:
Assessment methods and Criteria
Plant Pathology and Food Security: written examination.

Agri-livestock Entomology:
Entomologia agro-zootecnica
AGR/11 - GENERAL AND APPLIED ENTOMOLOGY - University credits: 0
AGR/12 - PLANT PATHOLOGY - University credits: 0
Field activity: 8 hours
Lessons: 28 hours
Professor: Jucker Costanza
Patologia vegetale e sicurezza alimentare
AGR/11 - GENERAL AND APPLIED ENTOMOLOGY - University credits: 0
AGR/12 - PLANT PATHOLOGY - University credits: 0
Practicals: 8 hours
Lessons: 28 hours
Professor: Iriti Marcello