Clinical microbiology and hygiene

A.Y. 2021/2022
Overall hours
MED/07 MED/42
Learning objectives
The course aims to provide students with the scientific and cultural tools to learn about: 1. the principles and methodologies of epidemiology and prevention of infections of relevance to public health with particular regard to emerging ones; 2. the current impact of infectious diseases worldwide.
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the course the student must: 1. have acquired the basic knowledge on the most widespread emerging infectious diseases or those of particular epidemiological and / or health relevance; 2. Know the main emergency factors and the most suitable prevention methods in relation to the transmission methods.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
Second semester
More specific information on the delivery modes of the training activities for academic year 21/22 will be provided over the coming months, based on the evolution of the public health situation
Course syllabus
1. Introduction to the 21st Century Infectious Diseases
2. Emerging / re-emerging infections: factors driving the emergence
3. Microorganisms: pathogenicity, virulence, mode of transmission
4. Host defences: general mechanisms of natural and adaptive immunity. The humoral and cell-mediated response, the major histocompatibility complex
5. Microbiological diagnosis, culture isolation methods, serological and molecular biology techniques. The polymerase chain reaction, genotypic and phenotypic characterization and microbial genomics
6. The dynamics of infectious diseases: main epidemiological parameters, compartmental models
7. Emerging zoonoses
8. Filoviruses; Ebola virus, epidemiology and prevention
9. Vector-borne infections: arboviruses. West Nile virus and neurotropic arboviruses
10. Emerging / re-emerging arbovirosis: Dengue, Chikungunya and Zika virus
11. Sexually transmitted diseases: HIV infection and AIDS
12. HCV and HBV viral hepatitis: epidemiology and prevention
13. Respiratory transmitted infections. Influenza viruses
14. Measles
15. Coronaviruses: SARS and MERS
16. The new coronavirus: SARS-CoV-2 and Covid-19 pandemic
17. Enteric infections: listeriosis and non-typhoidal salmonellosis, HAV and HEV hepatites
18. Viruses and tumours: the papillomaviruses
Prerequisites for admission
No prior knowledge is required
Teaching methods
Lectures through the use of slide presentations (eg power point), made available to the students on the Ariel platform
Teaching Resources
Slides provided by the teacher (available on Ariel platform).
To deepen:
Robert I Krasner, Teri Shors, The microbial challenge: a public health perspective. Jones & Bartlett learning. Fourth Edition
Assessment methods and Criteria
Written test, with 32 multiple choice test, with only one correct answer. The evaluation is based on the number of correct answers. Oral examination (in case of insufficient written test or at the request of the student).The evaluations are communicated through the publication of the list on Ariel platform and / or through the secretary's office of the course.
MED/42 - HYGIENE AND PUBLIC HEALTH - University credits: 0
Lessons: 48 hours