Human Anatomy

A.Y. 2021/2022
9
Max ECTS
72
Overall hours
SSD
BIO/16
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The main aim of the course is to provide students with the most important concepts of morphology and functioning of the human body, as well as the maintenance of homeostasis. This knowledge represents the basis for understanding the subsequent courses in the biologic area.
The unit of anatomy consists of lectures describing the structures of the human body, starting from the composition of tissues, organs, apparatus and systems.
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the teaching student must prove its ability and competence in the description of body parts morphology. Particular attention will be pay in the evaluation of the acquired skill in the microscopical anatomy. Moreover, a correct use of anatomical terminology will be evaluated. Integration of anatomy knowledge with physical and chemical skills will be also assessed. The expected outcomes will provide the fundamental basis for learning of subsequent physiological issues.
Course syllabus and organization

Linea AL

Responsible
Lesson period
year
The teaching will be carried out in person with the possibility of following in synchronous in remote modality through the Team platform, moreover the audiopowerpoits of the lessons carried out will be uploaded on Ariel
Course syllabus
The topics:
HISTOLOGY
Basic characteristics and classification criteria of epithelial, connective, muscular and nervous tissues.
GENERAL ANATOMY
General principles of human anatomy. The hollow organs and the solid organs.
Integumentary System - General characteristics and structure of the skin - Skin appendages - Hints on receptors
Central Nervous System - General organization of the nervous system: the Blood-brain barrier concept - Neural chains - Synapses - Types of sensitivity - Macroscopic description of the central nervous system - Organization of the gray matter and the white matter in the spinal cord and brain stem - The cerebellum: morphology, cytoarchitectonics - The diencephalon: morphology, main subdivisions - The telencephalon: morphology, cytoarchitectonics - The cortical areas - The meninges.
Peripheral Nervous System - General organization - The nerves and ganglia - Peripheral nerve endings - Spinal nerves - The sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system.
Cardio-Vascular System - General organization of the circulatory system - The heart - The pericardium - The arterial and venous vessels.
Respiratory system - General organization - The nasal cavities - The larynx - The trachea and the bronchi - The lungs - Concept of pulmonary lobule - The pulmonary alveoli: Air-Blood Barrier - The pleura.
Digestive system - General organization - The oral cavity: tongue, salivary glands - The pharynx - The esophagus - The stomach - The small intestine and the large intestine - The liver - The pancreas - The spleen
Urinary System - General Organization - The Kidney - Blood Barrier Concept - Urine - The Nephron - Ureter - Bladder - Urethra
Endocrine system - General organization - The endocrine hypothalamus - The pituitary gland and the hypophyseal portal system - General information on all the glands and description of the endocrine, adrenal, thymus, thyroid and pancreas structures.
Male Reproductive System - General organization - The sperm pathway - The glands annexed to the male reproductive system - Spermatogenesis
Female Reproductive System - General organization - Female genital system and attached glands - The ovarian cycle and oogenesis
Prerequisites for admission
The course imply the knowledge of basic concepts in Physics, Chemistry and Biology acquired in previous courses
Teaching methods
The teaching will be carried out in person with the possibility of following in synchronous in remote modality through the Team platform, moreover the audiopowerpoits of the lessons carried out will be uploaded on Ariel
Teaching Resources
Principi di Anatomia Microscopica con cenni di istologia e Anatomia Macroscopica Editore EDISES - SBN 9788833190068
Anatomia Umana F. H. Martini, R. B. Tallitsch, J. L. Nath, EDISES- ISBN 9788833190259
Assessment methods and Criteria
The exam is based on an oral interview in person.
BIO/16 - HUMAN ANATOMY - University credits: 9
Lessons: 72 hours
Professor: Rumio Cristiano

Linea MZ

Responsible
Lesson period
year
More specific information on the delivery modes of training activities for academic year 2021/22 will be provided over the coming months, based on the evolution of the public health situation.
Course syllabus
The topics:
HISTOLOGY
Basic characteristics and classification criteria of epithelial, connective, muscular and nervous tissues.
GENERAL ANATOMY
General principles of human anatomy. The hollow organs and the solid organs.
Integumentary System - General characteristics and structure of the skin - Skin appendages - Hints on receptors
Central Nervous System - General organization of the nervous system: the Blood-brain barrier concept - Neural chains - Synapses - Types of sensitivity - Macroscopic description of the central nervous system - Organization of the gray matter and the white matter in the spinal cord and brain stem - The cerebellum: morphology, cytoarchitectonics - The diencephalon: morphology, main subdivisions - The telencephalon: morphology, cytoarchitectonics - The cortical areas - The meninges.
Peripheral Nervous System - General organization - The nerves and ganglia - Peripheral nerve endings - Spinal nerves - The sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system.
Cardio-Vascular System - General organization of the circulatory system - The heart - The pericardium - The arterial and venous vessels.
Respiratory system - General organization - The nasal cavities - The larynx - The trachea and the bronchi - The lungs - Concept of pulmonary lobule - The pulmonary alveoli: Air-Blood Barrier - The pleura.
Digestive system - General organization - The oral cavity: tongue, salivary glands - The pharynx - The esophagus - The stomach - The small intestine and the large intestine - The liver - The pancreas - The spleen
Urinary System - General Organization - The Kidney - Blood Barrier Concept - Urine - The Nephron - Ureter - Bladder - Urethra
Endocrine system - General organization - The endocrine hypothalamus - The pituitary gland and the hypophyseal portal system - General information on all the glands and description of the endocrine, adrenal, thymus, thyroid and pancreas structures.
Male Reproductive System - General organization - The sperm pathway - The glands annexed to the male reproductive system - Spermatogenesis
Female Reproductive System - General organization - Female genital system and attached glands - The ovarian cycle and oogenesis
Prerequisites for admission
The course imply the knowledge of basic concepts in Physics, Chemistry and Biology acquired in previous courses
Teaching methods
The he course is based on powerpoint lessons, the teaching materials used will be uploaded through the Ariel portal.
Teaching Resources
Principi di Anatomia Microscopica con cenni di istologia e Anatomia Macroscopica Editore EDISES - SBN 9788833190068
Anatomia Umana F. H. Martini, R. B. Tallitsch, J. L. Nath, EDISES- ISBN 9788833190259
Assessment methods and Criteria
The exam is written with three open questions in one hour of time. All three questions must be sufficient to pass the examination. The questions are divided as follows: 1- question on one of the four basic tissues, 2- question on an organ (the most important for the final vote) among all systems / apparatus of the program, 3 - a short question that tends to verify the preparation by asking for specific definitions and / or differences between structures.
BIO/16 - HUMAN ANATOMY - University credits: 9
Lessons: 72 hours
Professor: Borsello Tiziana
Educational website(s)
Professor(s)
Reception:
by appointment