The first part of the course deals with the history of the textual tradition in the Middle Ages and in Italian Humanism, namely:
1) production and circulation of the book in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages;
2) the codex;
3) transmission of Latin texts in the Early Middle Ages;
4) Carolingian libraries, schools and scriptoria;
5) production and circulation of the book in the Late Middle Ages;
6) production and circulation of the book in Humanism.
In the second part of the course, some examples of textual criticism will be provided, in order to show reconstructive methods connected to the history of the transmission. These examples will be chosen among Latin literary works with medieval and humanistic tradition.
Students who earn 9 ECTS will attend the whole course (60 hours); students who earn 6 ECTS will attend the first 40 hours of the course.
Prerequisites for admission
Good knowledge of Latin language and literature of the classical age. Basic knowledge of the history of Late Antiquity and of the Middle Ages.
Lecturing, supported by projection of images related to main topics. Classroom discussion, as a method for acquiring technical language. The images presented in the lessons will be made available free of charge on the ARIEL website. At the end of the course, a visit to the library for direct consultation of manuscript material is foreseen. Course attendance is recommended.
For all students (attending and non-attending):
- P. Chiesa, La trasmissione dei testi latini. Storia e metodo critico, Roma, Carocci, 2019. Students earning 9 ECTS are expected to study the whole book; students opting for 6 ECTS are expected to study pp. 15-141 and 223-229. In the examination, for students attending, knowledge and ability to discuss the textual examples actually discussed during the lessons will be required and assessed; for students not attending, knowledge and ability to discuss all the textual examples included in the book will be required and assessed.
- P. Chiesa, Elementi di critica testuale, 2th ed., Bologna, Pàtron, 2012. Students who have already taken the exam of Letteratura latina medievale will replace this book with: 1) A. Stussi, Fondamenti di critica testuale, Bologna, Il Mulino (limitedly to the papers by Bédier, Timpanaro, Contini); 2) G. Pasquali, Storia della tradizione e critica del testo, chapters I, II e IV («Il metodo del Lachmann», «Ci fu sempre un archetipo?», «Recentiores non deteriores»).
- M. Berté - M. Petoletti, La filologia medievale e umanistica, Bologna, Il Mulino, 2017, limitedly to pp. 73-123.
- images presented in class and linked to the chapters of the manual (useful for exam preparation) will be made freely available to students on the ARIEL website.
For not-attending students:
Non-attending students are expected to study the whole bibliography for attending students. In addition, all non-attending students (both those who earn 6 ECTS, and those who earn 9 ECTS) are expected to study:
- M. Berté - M. Petoletti, La filologia medievale e umanistica, Bologna, Il Mulino, 2017, limitedly to pp. 45-72.
- V. De Angelis, Scritti di filologia medievale e umanistica, Napoli, D'Auria, 2011, limitatamente ai saggi "...e l'ultimo Lucano" (pp. 95-149) e "Petrarca, i suoi libri e i commenti medievali ai classici (pp. 233-269).
Please note that, as indicated above, for the book "La trasmissione dei testi latini.History and critical method", non-attending students will be required to have knowledge of and ability to discuss all the textual examples included.
In addition, not-attending students who earn 9 ECTS are expected to study:
- Giovanni Boccaccio, Vita di Petrarca, ed. G. Villani, Roma, Salerno Editrice, 2004.
The student must study: 1) the introduction (pp. 11-60); the Vita written by Boccaccio (pp. 72-91) and the following commentary; 3) the Epistola by Petrarca, Seniles XVIII (pp. 106-126) and the following commentary. During the examination, translation and discussion of a passage of the Latin text will be required.
Assessment methods and Criteria
Single oral examination, in a single test, with a mark out of thirty; the mark is communicated at the end of the exam.
Evaluated knowledge: Knowledge of the history of Latin literary works in their transmission. (Knowledge of the forms, patterns and channels of transmission of Latin texts from Late Antiquity to Humanism. Knowledge of the writing techniques in the Middle Ages. Knowledge of the role of institutions in the transmission of texts in the Middle Ages and Humanism. Knowledge of the transmission of Latin texts in the various European regions in the Middle Ages and Humanism. Knowledge of the methods of humanists in their approach to ancient texts, with consequences on the cultural activity of the time).
Evaluated awareness: Awareness of the connection through editorial practice and transmissional history (Ability to employ the basic technical lexicon of textual criticism. Awareness of the different value of the available editions of a text, according to their different methodological lines. Critical awareness of the close connection between the knowledge we have of a text and the way in which this text has come down to us. Awareness of the historicity of methods of textual criticism, highlighted through the history of their applications).
Assessment criteria: 1) level of knowledge; 2) language property in the specific matter; 3) effectiveness of presentation; 4) ability in connecting topics; 5) critical perspective.
Bibliography is partially different for attending and not-attending students (see above). International or Erasmus incoming students are invited to contact the teacher early. The assessment procedures for students with disabilities and / or with SLD must be discussed with the teacher, in agreement with the competent Office.