Knowledge and understanding Basics of ecology: biotic and abiotic factors. Interactions that determine the distribution and abundance of organisms in the present, especially for the ocean ecosystem. Applying knowledge and understanding: Ability to apply the skills acquired to the geological past to understand the evolution of ecosystems through time.
Expected learning outcomes
Making judgements: Distinction between data to be acquired and paleoecological reconstructions. Evaluation of ecological factors. Evaluation of simple ecological models. Communication skills: Ability to describe and illustrate the knowledge gained during the course both with regard to current ecological factors and paleoecological proxies. Learning skills: Ability to base the acquired biogeochemical processes and the dynamics of the ocean ecosystem in the present and in the geological past.
PART I Introduction to Paleoecology Principles of ecology: concepts of biodiversity, population, communities, ecosystems, ecological niches. The main factors that govern the distribution of recent organisms. Paleoecology of benthic invertebrates: taxonomic uniformitarianism, abiotic and biotic factors regulating the distribution of benthic marine organisms. Sampling methodologies; Population dynamics; Community analysis; Biodiversity Indexes.
PART II Paleoecology of marine plankton: abiotic and biotic factors regulating the distribution of calcareous, siliceous, chitinous shell organisms. Life strategies (r- and k- strategists). Analysis of populations and fossil associations. Paleoecology and litogenesis: biogenic platforms and pelagic sediments.
Prerequisites for admission
Knowledge of PALEONTOLOGY, SEDIMENTARY GEOLOGY AND STRATIGRAPHY
Type of exam: Written; Attendance: strongly recommended; Delivery method: Traditional.
Slides of all lessons available on the ARIEL platform
Assessment methods and Criteria
written exam with two separate tests for each of the two modules of about one hour and half