The course aims to provide the basic knowledge of classical physics (mechanics, fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, electromagnetism). The topics are treated both in the theoretical aspects and in the application ones with some examples inherent to the present curriiculum studii. The course, in addition to presenting the notions of physics propaedeutics to other courses (see Physiology or Chemistry-Physics), aims, as a fundamental course of the first year, to increase the ability to solve problems / exercises with a rigorous and quantitative approach .
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the course, the student will learn the fundamental elements of the experimental method, the basic physical laws and will have the opportunity to see different applications of the same in fields related to the course of study. Furthermore, the student will have the opportunity to deepen the ability to deal with both abstract concepts and application examples with an increased degree of methodological accuracy and sensitivity to quantitative data.
Vectorial calculus - scalars and vectors, scalar product, vector product
Kinematics - motion in one dimension: position and displacement vectors, velocity, acceleration, uniformly accelerated motion - motion in two dimensions: trajectory, uniformly accelerated motion, uniform circular motion
Dynamics - concept of force, Newton's laws, equations of motion - Newton's law of universal gravitation - dynamics of uniform circular motion - work, energy, kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power - conservative forces, potential energy, conservation of mechanical energy - forces of friction - angular momentum, moment of a force
Dynamics of systems - center of mass, motion of the center of mass, conservation of momentum, elastic collisions, inelastic collisions
Oscillating motion - harmonic motion, small oscillations: simple pendulum