Agroecology and cropping systems

A.Y. 2018/2019
8
Max ECTS
80
Overall hours
SSD
AGR/02 AGR/03
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The corse is aimed at providing fundamental knowledge about
the
management of agro-ecosystems. The first part is focused in
particular on the analysis and the interpretation of the systems
and on interaction between climatic driving forces and agro-
ecosystem. Te scond part provides the concepts of genetics,
phenology, morphology, physiology, agronomy and plant trees
for
basic knowledge of tree-cropping systems.The corse is aimed at providing fundamental knowledge about the management of agro-ecosystems. The first part is focused in particular on the analysis and the interpretation of the systems and on interaction between climatic driving forces and agro-ecosystem. Te scond part provides the concepts of genetics, phenology, morphology, physiology, agronomy and plant trees for basic knowledge of tree-cropping systems.The corse is aimed at providing fundamental knowledge about the management of agro-ecosystems. The first part is focused in particular on the analysis and the interpretation of the systems and on interaction between climatic driving forces and agro-ecosystem. Te scond part provides the concepts of genetics, phenology, morphology, physiology, agronomy and plant trees for basic knowledge of tree-cropping systems.
Expected learning outcomes
Students can get competences needed for understanding and
interpreting the ecological mechanisms ruling crop production
processes and their interactions with the management
activities of
the farmer. Moreover, students will get competnces in biology
and
ecology of woody plants, agronomy, cropping systems of trees.Students can get competences needed for understanding and interpreting the ecological mechanisms ruling crop production processes and their interactions with the management activities of the farmer. Moreover, students will get competnces in biology and ecology of woody plants, agronomy, cropping systems of trees.Students can get competences needed for understanding and interpreting the ecological mechanisms ruling crop production processes and their interactions with the management activities of the farmer. Moreover, students will get competnces in biology and ecology of woody plants, agronomy, cropping systems of trees.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Responsible
Lesson period
year
Unit 1
Course syllabus
The agroecology: aims, historical background; the Neolithic revolution and the Green revolution; carrying capacity, ecological footprint and sustainability; the challenges posed by population growth, land degradation and climate change in agriculture. Agro-ecosystems: complexity in agroecology and systemic approach; the auxiliary energy, its relations with the complexity and changes to the abiotic and biotic component of the system; operation and regulation of the agroecosystem; sustainability criteria of the agroecosystem; agriculture at high and low energy input; organic, integrated and conservative agriculture: definitions and general criteria for fertility management and control of adversity. The biotech agriculture.The agricultural biodiversity: concepts, levels, meaning and measurement. Crop rotations dand polyculture cropping systems: definitions, criteria and technical aspects.
Teaching methods
Slides of the lectures and tutorials.Referenced books:1. Miguel A. Altieri. Agroecology, The Science of Sustainable Agriculture. Westview Press, 1995 Second Edition.2. Fausto Gusmeroli. Prati, pascoli e paesaggio alpino (first part). www.sozooalp.it, 2012.
Unit 2
Course syllabus
CFU I. Fruit trees: botanical classification, ecological, historical and economic aspects. The main tree-cropping systems: arboriculture fruit (fruit crops, viticulture, olives, ...), arboriculture and urban forestry. Structural aspects and management. Tree crop structure. Grow habitus. The training systems. CFU II. Physiology of development, grow and fruiting. Pruning and canopy managements. Propagation and nursery organization. The rootstock. CFU III. Phenology. Soil and climate effects on tree cropping systems: limiting factors and land suitability to fruit trees.CFU IV. Introduction to tree crop ecophysiology. Cultural techniques: soil, water and nutritional managements.Tutorials. Tree structures. Analysis of some tree crop systems in Italy. Recognition of the main tree crops.
Teaching methods
Sansavini S. (editor) Arboricoltura generale (Pàtron, 2012). Please consider chapters: 1, 3, 4, 5, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14 e 15.Articles in agazines mentioned during the course.
Unit 1
AGR/02 - AGRONOMY AND FIELD CROPS - University credits: 4
Practicals: 16 hours
Lessons: 24 hours
Professor: Cola Gabriele
Unit 2
AGR/03 - ARBORICULTURE AND FRUITCULTURE - University credits: 4
Field activity: 12 hours
Practicals: 4 hours
Lessons: 24 hours
Professor: Spinardi Anna