Biology

A.Y. 2019/2020
12
Max ECTS
104
Overall hours
SSD
BIO/03 BIO/05
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
AGRICULTURAL BOTANY
The course aims at improving the knowledge on plant organisms, from prokaryotic cyanobacteria to angiosperms, with emphasis on spermatophyte families and species of agronomic, food and medicinal relevance. Furthermore, the course deals with basic zoology, focusing on the body plain (bauplan) of the more relevant Phyla.
ANIMAL BIOLOGY
The aim of the course is to give the student the basis of animal life organization at the level of molecules, cells, tissues and organisms. Correlation between structures and functions. Environment adaptation: nutrients and energy cycles, homeostasis.
Principal concepts of developmental biology and environmental related evolutionary developmental biology.
Information will be given about the morpho-functional aspects of the most important phyla in the animal kingdom, with emphasis about phyla of agriculture interest as Anellida, Mollusca, Arthropoda and Chordata (Vertebrates), in addition elements about the small phyla will be furnished, to have a comprehensive picture of the matter, with focus on different basic structure of animal organisms. The student will gain a comprehensive vision of Zoological disciplines, in the framework of the evolutionary theory , together the basic ideas about the different schools concerning the classification of the animal kingdom. A special attention will be given to the ecosystem approach, in the framework of the development of a sustainable agriculture. A relevant objective of the lessons will be to furnish materials for a correct management of agriculture systems, concerning production and protection, with this purpose the basic knowledge about the relations between animals and the other living creatures will be furnished (symbiosis, competition, parasitism, predation).
Expected learning outcomes
AGRICULTURAL BOTANY
Basic knowledge on plant and animal biology needed for the next studies in the field of agricultural sciences.
ANIMAL BIOLOGY
Principles of animal biology and embryology, the theory and practice of animal classification and identification.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Responsible
Lesson period
First semester
Course syllabus
Programme of Didactic Unit 1: Agricultural Botany: carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids. Structure and functions of biomacromolecules. Cytology. Prokaryotic end eukaryotic cells. Animal and plant cells. plant cell structures: cell wall, vacuole and plastids. DNA replication and gene transcription. mRNA translation and protein biosynthesis. Cell cycle, mitosis and meiosis.Plant biochemistry. Photosynthesis and respiration. Plant histology and anatomy. Plant tissues. Meristematic tissues. Dermal tissue system: epidermis and periderm. Ground tissue system: parenchyma tissue, collenchyma tissue and sclerenchyma tissue. Vascular tissue system: xylem tissue and phloem tissue. The plant body. Primary growth. Structure and organization of stem. Structure and organization of root. Structure and organization of leaf. Secondary growth. Structure of woody stems. Flower anatomy and reproduction. Seed morphology and germination. Systematic botany. General characteristics and main taxa of Cyanobacteria. General characteristics and main taxa of Algae. General characteristics and main taxa of Bryophyta. General characteristics and main taxa of Pteridophyta. Spermatophytes. General characteristics and main taxa of Gymnosperms. General characteristics and main families of flowering plants. Angiosperms. Monocotyledons and Dicotyledons.
Prerequisites for admission
Programme of Didactic Unit 1: Agricultural Botany: No preparation requirement
Teaching methods
Programme of Didactic Unit 1: Agricultural Botany., practice ecercise
Teaching Resources
Pasqua G. et al., 2008 - Botanica Generale e diversità vegetale. Piccin ed.; Calzoni G.L. Speranza A., 1996 Struttura della piante in immagini. Guida all'anatomia microscopica delle piante vascolari - Zanichelli Longo C., Biologia vegetale Vol. 1 Forme e funzioni - Utet
Assessment methods and Criteria
Programme of Didactic Unit 1: Agricultural Botany.: written exam. The assessment is based on the student's preparation
Agricultural Botany
BIO/03 - ENVIRONMENTAL AND APPLIED BOTANY - University credits: 0
BIO/05 - ZOOLOGY - University credits: 0
Lessons: 64 hours
Animal Biology
BIO/03 - ENVIRONMENTAL AND APPLIED BOTANY - University credits: 0
BIO/05 - ZOOLOGY - University credits: 0
Laboratories: 16 hours
Lessons: 24 hours
Professor: Scari' Giorgio
Professor(s)
Reception:
Appointment needed
Dept of Bioscience