Comparative private law

A.Y. 2019/2020
9
Max ECTS
60
Overall hours
SSD
IUS/02
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
Student will acquire competence on methodology for comparative legal research and on the circulation of legal models, international unification of law and dialogue between courts. Secondly, she/he will know and will be able to understand the institutional and private law features of the main legal traditions and of some national legal systems in particular, and to compare them. The course also aims to introduce the student to the complexity of sources of international contract law as well as to the coordination of these sources. Finally, it is intended to provide the student the discipline of the international sales contract and the necessary skills to face most frequent problems related to it.
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the course the student will have a comparative historical panorama of the main European and non-European legal traditions; on this basis she/he can also formulate independent judgments and to approach critically his own national system. She/he will be able to face the complexity of the international contract law and, in particular, of the contract of sale of goods. Will now how to find and evaluate legislative and jurisprudential sources, having carried out bibliographical and documentary research, and having prepared a short essay or a presentation during the course. Finally, the general acquired knowledge and experience will also allow her/him to study other related scientific questions independently.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Responsible
Lesson period
Third trimester
Course syllabus
Introduzione alla comparazione giuridica, macrocomparazione e microcomparazione, lla circolazione dei modelli e il ravvicinamento delle tradizioni giuridiche.
La tradizione di civil law (o romano-germanica) e la sua diffusione. L'ordinamento francese (cenni sulla codificazione; stile e principali innovazioni del Codice civile francese; interpretazione e giurisprudenza; recenti sviluppi). L'ordinamento tedesco (formazione storica; le scuole giuridiche tedesche; il BGB, recenti sviluppi).
La tradizione di common law (o anglo-americana) e la sua diffusione. Il sistema giuridico inglese (cenni sull'evoluzione storica; dualismo common law-equity; organizzazione giudiziaria; fonti del diritto; recenti sviluppi). Il sistema statunitense (cenni sull'evoluzione storica, la rilevanza della Costituzione Federale; organizzazione giudiziaria; fonti del diritto; recenti sviluppi).
Il diritto dei paesi latinoamericani (evoluzione storica; codificazione); il sistema giuridico brasiliano (evoluzione storica; codificazione; cenni sul sistema costituzionale e l'organizzazione federale; organizzazione giudiziaria; il nuovo Código Civil; recenti sviluppi). Cenni sul Diritto cinese.
Diritto statale e fonti del commercio internazionale. La nuova "Lex mercatoria" e i "Principi Unidroit". La Convenzione delle Nazioni Unite sui contratti di compravendita internazionale di beni mobili, del 1980 (Convenzione di Vienna): criteri di applicabilità e principali aspetti della disciplina del contratto di compravendita internazionale di merci. Gli Inconterms. I crediti documentari.
Prerequisites for admission
Fundamentals of public and private law.
Teaching methods
The course includes lectures and seminars, and the active participation of students. Seminars held by guest lecturers on specific topics related to the course program are also previewed.The frontal lesson is integrated with the projection of slides, available to students through the Ariel Unimi platform. During the lessons, models of international commercial contracts and / or judgments may be analyzed.
Teaching Resources
VARANO, V.; BARSOTTI, V., La tradizione giuridica occidentale. Testo e materiali per un confronto civil law common law. Quinta edizione, Giappichelli, 2014; e FRIGNANI, A.; TORSELLO, M.; Il contratto internazionale. Diritto comparato e prassi commerciale, Padova, Cedam, 2010, pp. 3-154; 437-502.
Assessment methods and Criteria
For attending students, the process of evalutation of knowledge will be based on two tests : the first is an optional intermediate test on a single topic or on a jurisprudential case, previously agreed with the professor, orally presented to the class or prepared as a paper. The final assessment of the competences will take place by means of a compulsory oral test of no. 3 questions, aimed at ascertaining the learning of the program topics, the use of the correct terminology as well as the achievement of the teaching objectives, also as regards the skills necessary to understand and identify problems in new areas, proposing solutions and making critical judgments.
For non-attending students, the final assessment of the competences will take place by means of a compulsory oral test of no. 3 questions, aimed at ascertaining the learning of the program topics, the use of the correct terminology as well as the achievement of the teaching objectives, also as regards the skills necessary to understand and identify problems in new areas, proposing solutions and making critical judgments.
IUS/02 - COMPARATIVE PRIVATE LAW - University credits: 9
Lessons: 60 hours
Professor: Posenato Naiara