The course aims to provide the basic theoretical knowledge to analyze the health economics and the health market. The elements that distinguish the health markets and the specificities that characterize the Italian NHS will be illustrated. The main tools to analyze the efficiency and equity issues in the health sector will be accurately presented.
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the course the student will know: the basic theoretical aspects to analyze the health economics and the health market; the elements that distinguish health markets; the specific elements that characterize the Italian NHS. The student will be aware of the main tools to analyze the efficiency and the equity issues in the healthcare sector.
1. Introduction to health economics 2. Demand for health care: (i) need and demand for health, (ii) demand or health care, (iii) Grossman model and (iv) limitation of the model, (v) comparative static 3. Agency: (i) GP-patient (ii) induced demand 4. Supply of health care: (i) clinician as supplier, (ii) hospital as a firm, (iii) productivity. 5. Economic evaluation: (i) cost of life and costs in health, (ii) cost-benefit, cost-efficacy and cost-utility in healthcare sector. 6. Macroeconomics and health policy: (i) public intervention, (ii) equity, (iii) insurance market.
Prerequisites for admission
Students have to be aware of basic concepts of Economics and Public Economics.
Taught classes and seminars
Levaggi, R.; Capri, S., Economia sanitaria. Milano: F. Angeli, 2009. Mapelli, V., Il sistema sanitario italiano. Bologna: Il Mulino, 2012. Costa G. et al, L'equità nella salute in Italia, Milano, Franco Angeli Editore, 2014. Ministero della Salute (2016), Programmazione sanitaria e LEA, Livelli essenziali di assistenza (LEA) Ministero della Salute (2016), Ricoveri ospedalieri (SDO), Il sistema DRG