The course is entitled: The imaginary of the other in Hispanic American fiction (19th and 20th century)a and consists of the following three teaching units, which will be addressed in sequence:
A: Writing American Independence. Models in comparison
B: The imaginary of the Other, from the imaginary of the nigger to a gender perspective
C: The indigenous issue in Latin America
The course aims to provide students with an overview of 19th century Hispanic American literature, a complex and controversial century in which political independence raises the question of cultural and literary independence. Particular attention will be given to the debate on identity, the models of representation of the other (ethnic and gender subalternity) and the forms of resistance and articulation of a dissident discourse returned by literature. The main objective is to redeem forms, models and paradigms that will be of orientation in the great twentieth-century period of Hispanic American literature.
In the unit A the question of 1810, between independence and emancipation, will be addressed. At the centre will be the problem of identity (ethnicity, culture, religion, gender) in the desire to build an imaginary openness from European models, capable of embodying the multiple socio-cultural status of the Continent.
In the unit B we will analyze the models and forms of representation of the negro in Cuba through the work of Manzano; Barnet, Carpentier and we will enter into a gender perspective through the work of the protofeminists Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda and Flora Tristán.
Unit C will deal with the imagery of the Indian in Peru, through the twentieth-century re-readings of Arguedas and Scorza
The course program is valid until September 2021 inclusive.
Prerequisites for admission
The course is held entirely in Italian and the examination materials and bibliography, in Spanish, presuppose skills in literary history, use of terminology and critical analysis obtained in previous courses (Hispanic American Literature 1).
The course adopts the following teaching methods: frontal lectures; readings and commentary on the works in the program; seminar lessons.
Unità didattica A
Perassi, Emilia; Scarabelli, Laura, Itinerari di cultura ispanoamericana. Ritorno alle origini e ritorno delle origini, Torino, UTET 2011 (92-108; 141-160; 185-226; 273-304; 343-375)
Unità didattica B
Scarabelli, Laura, Identità di zucchero. Immaginari nazionali e processi di fondazione nella narrativa cubana, 2 voll., Milano, Arcipelago, 2009 (selezioni di capitoli)
Cirilo Villaverde, Cecilia Valdés, Madrid, Cátedra, 1985 (selezione di capitoli)
Alejo Carpentier, Historia de lunas y Los fugitivos, Madrid, Random House, 1990.
Miguel Barnet, Biografía de un cimarrón, La Habana, Letras cubanas, 2012
Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda, Sab, Madrid, Cátedra, 1982.
Flora Tristán, Peregrinaciones de una paria, La Habana, Casa de las Américas, 1984.
Unità didattica C
José María Arguedas, Cuentos escogidos, Caracas, Ayacucho, 1986
Manuel Scorza, Redoble por rancas, Caracas, Monte Ávila, 1978.
The program for non-attending is identical to the one for attending students
The program is not intended to be complete and will be integrated with a series of essays, readings and insights that will be indicated at the beginning of the course and during the lessons. We therefore recommend a careful and constant monitoring of the Ariel platform (Hispanic American Literature 2), both by attending and non-attending students. All the supplementary texts uploaded in the course page are to be considered an integral part of the examination program.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The exam consists of an individual interview, which includes questions asked by the teacher, interactions between teacher and student and the analysis and commentary of one or more passages taken from the works in the program. The interview lasts about 20 minutes and can be held in Italian or Spanish, at the student's choice. The interview aims to verify the knowledge of the texts studied, the contextualization ability of authors and works, the ability to analyze the text, the ability in the exposition, the precision in the use of specific terminology, the ability of critical and personal reflection on the proposed themes. Finally, it will take into account, if done in Spanish, language skills. The final grade is expressed in thirtieth, and the student has the right to reject it (in which case it will be recorded as "withdrawn"). For the students attending the course, there will be introductory tests in itinere, at the end of the different modules, and presentations of written works.
International students or Erasmus incoming students are invited to contact the teacher of the course in advance.
Examination procedures for students with disabilities and/or DSA must be agreed with the teacher, in agreement with the competent office.