Systematic and Comparative Veterinary Anatomy

A.Y. 2019/2020
11
Max ECTS
104
Overall hours
SSD
VET/01
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
General objective of the course: the course aims to provide the student with the notions of anatomy of animals of veterinary interest (dog, cat, cattle, horse, rabbit, pig) indispensable to have a correct approach to professional classes and to be able to effectively perform his vocational duties. Goal to achive: Knowledge and understanding: the student is required to demonstrate exhaustive knowledge of the macro and micro anatomy of digestive and urogenital systems and the basic concepts of the general body organization by considering: organogenesis, shape, position, relationships, vascularization, innervation and the most important differences between species.
Expected learning outcomes
Goals to achieve by each student:
1) Ability to apply knowledge and understanding: the student must be able to apply the theoretical knowledge to recognize the microscopic and macroscopic anatomy of organs and systems in histological preparations, models, skeletons and viscera of animals of veterinary interest.
2) Autonomy of judgment: the student must learn critically and proactively both the information provided by the teacher and those derived from the recommended textbooks
3) Communication skills: the student should be able to explain the concepts acquired with appropriate and updated terminology that should be consistent with the terminology used in other disciplines, during the lectures, the practical lessons and the practical tests
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
Second semester
Prerequisites for admission
Exams are in number of 8 in the Academic year and take place in the months of January, February, April, June, July, September, October and December with the frequency provided by the teaching college. There are no additional calls for out-of-course. To take the exam, students must register to the ONLINE SIFA service of the University and they must have passed the examinations of the courses of Biology, Histology and Embryology, as well as having attended not less than 75% of the hours both theoretical and practices.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The examination takes place in a single trial and provides, for each module (SYSTEMATIC AND COMPARATIVE VETERINARY ANATOMY MODULE 1 and 2) of a written test and a practical test aimed to verify knowledge and understanding of the student and his ability to apply knowledge and understanding by a:

1) Written test:
· Twenty-nine multiple choice questions (4 answers) with the possibility of choosing only one correct answer. In case of no answer the question is not considered; in case of wrong answer, 0.25 points are deducted.
· Recognition of two cards containing images of organs and / or apparatus, both from the microscopic and macroscopic point of view, on mute map. The images proposed correspond to those projected in class. Each card is worth one point.

The topics on which the questions are concerned are:
1. SYSTEMATIC AND COMPARATIVE VETERINARY ANATOMY MODULE 1: generalities on the loco motor apparatus, axial and appendicular skeleton, junctions and muscles taking in account the most important species differences. Cardio-circulatory, respiratory, integumentary apparatus, considering shape, position, relationships, architecture and structure, the most significant ultrastructure characteristics, vascularization and innervations and species differences.

2. SYSTEMATIC AND COMPARATIVE VETERINARY ANATOMY MODULE 2: digestive and urogenital apparatus, considering form, position, relationships, architecture and structure; the most significant ultrastructure characteristics, vascularization and innervations and species differences.

The final mark of the two written tests, expressed in thirtieths, corresponds to the mathematical average of the two written tests (questions and graphic cards). The student must pass the written tests of both courses; if one of the two tests receives a score of less than 18/30, the student must repeat the entire written test, even if the other one has been passed. If the student responds positively to all 29 questions and the 2 cards with the images, his final grade will be 30L. If the student reaches an overall score below 25/30 he must take a practical test.

2) Practical Test
· Recognition of a skeletal or myology preparation
· Recognition of a microscopic preparation.

In both cases the preparations have already been studied and explained during the exercises. Based on the overall outcome of the two practical tests, the final score can vary by +/- two points (e.g. from 25 it can become 27 or 23).

If the student exceeds the 25/30 score she/he can decide not to take the practical test.
Anatomia veterinaria sistematica e comparata 1
Course syllabus
The module provides 40 hours of frontal teaching and 16 hours of practical lessons which have the specific objective of providing an exhaustive knowledge of the macroscopic and microscopic anatomy of the skeletal and integumentary muscle systems with its annexes (glands and hairs) and its specializations (horns) and cardio-circulatory and respiratory systems in species of veterinary interest. The nail anatomy will be treated in the topographic anatomy module (2nd year). The topics will be treated in a systematic and comparative way. The description of each apparatus is preceded by the description of its organogenesis

· Frontal lessons (40 hours)
1. Introduction to the course, programs, exam procedures, recommended textbooks (2 hours)
2. Musculoskeletal system (20 hours)
- generality on bones, joints, muscles (3 hours)
- axial skeleton (3 hours)
- appendicular skeleton fore limb, bones and related joints (3 hours)
- appendicular skeleton hind limb, bones and related joints (3 hours)
- limb myology, 3 hours
- head, neck and trunk myology (3 hours)
3. Cardio-circulatory system (8 hours)
4. Respiratory system (6 hours)
5. Integumentary system (4 hours) 5


· Practical lessons (16 hours)
Practical lessons on the skeletal system take place on isolated bones, whole skeletons, muscle preparations and models; the practical lessons of myology take place on limbs isolated from cadavers of different species of domestic animals
1. Axial skeleton and related joints (4 hours)
2. Appendicular skeleton and related joints (8 hours)
3. Myology (4 hours)

Practical lessons of microscopic anatomy of the circulatory, respiratory and integumentary systems are held together with those of the Systematic and Comparative Veterinary Anatomy 2
Teaching methods
The course consists of frontal and practical lessons, of macroscopic and microscopic anatomy.
The lectures are held in the classroom with the help of presentations in ppt. Students are invited to actively participate in the lesson, based on the knowledge acquired in the preparatory subjects. The slides are available on the teacher's Ariel website.

The practical lessons of macroscopic anatomy are held in the osteotheca and in the dissection room. The practical lessons of microscopic anatomy take place in the didactic microscopy laboratories and are merged with those of module 2. Each student works independently, individually and / or in groups (max 6 students per group), supervised by tutors, with the help of the reference text-books. Verifications of learning are foreseen through theoretical questions and practical demonstrations, in order to consolidate the student's knowledge.
Teaching Resources
· Recommended Textbooks: Macroscopic anatomy
Dyce KM, Sack WO, Wensing CJG: Anatomia Veterinaria, Antonio Delfino Editore, Roma, 2009
Koning- Liebich: Anatomia dei Mammiferi Domestici. Piccin Editore, 2016
Miller's Anatomy of the Dog, 4e , H.E. Evans and A. de Lahunta , Elsevir, 2013
Schaller O: Nomenclatura Anatomica Veterinaria Illustrata, Antonio Delfino Editore, 1999
Popesko P: Atlante di Anatomia Topografica degli Animali Domestici, ed Grasso e Edimediche, 1997

· Recommended Textbooks: Embryology and Organogenesis
Pelagalli G, Castaldo L, Lucini C, Patruno M, Scocco P: Embriologia. Morfogenesi e anomalie dello sviluppo. Idelson Gnocchi Editore, 2009
Noden DM, De Lahunta A: Embriologia degli animali domestici, Edi-Ermes, 1991

· Recommended Textbooks: Microscopic Anatomy
Liebich: Istologia e Anatomia microscopica dei mammiferi domestici e degli uccelli, Piccin, 2012
Dellmann HD, Eurell JA: Istologia e Anatomia microscopica veterinaria. Casa editrice ambrosiana, Milano, 2000
Banks WJ: Istologia e anatomia microscopica veterinaria, Piccin-Nuova Libraria, 1991

· Slides of the lectures: sito Ariel http://smodinaavsc.ariel.ctu.unimi.it/v3/home/Default.aspx
Anatomia veterinaria sistematica e comparata 2
Course syllabus
The module provides 32 hours of frontal teaching and 16 hours of practical lessons which have the specific objective of providing an exhaustive knowledge of the macroscopic and microscopic anatomy of the digestive and urogenital system in species of veterinary interest. The topics will be treated in a systematic and comparative way. The description of each apparatus is preceded by the description of its organogenesis

· Frontal lessons
Introduction to the course, introduction to organogenesis (2 hours)
2. Cephalic intestine: oral cavity and pharynx (5 hours)
3. Anterior intestine: esophagus and stomach (5 hours)
4. Medium intestine (small and large intestine), rectum and anal canal (4 hours)
5. Glands of the digestive system: liver and pancreas (2 hours)
6. Urinary system (4 hours)
7. Female genital system (4 hours)
8. Male genital system (4 hours)

· Practical lessons (16 hours)

Macroscopic anatomy:
1. Digestive system (4 hours)
2. Female and male urogenital system (2 hours)
3. Cardio-circulatory, respiratory and tegumentary systems (2 hours)

Microscopic anatomy
4. Digestive system (4 hours)
5. Female and male urogenital system (2 hours)
6. Cardio-circulatory, respiratory and tegumentary systems (2 hours)
Teaching methods
The course consists of frontal and practical lessons, of macroscopic and microscopic anatomy.The lectures are held in the classroom with the help of presentations in ppt. Students are invited to actively participate in the lesson, based on the knowledge acquired in the preparatory subjects. The slides are available on the teacher's Ariel website.

The practical lessons of macroscopic anatomy are held in the dissection room. The practical lessons of microscopic anatomy take place in the didactic microscopy laboratories on histological samples. Each student works independently, individually and / or in groups (max 6 students per group), supervised by tutors, with the help of the reference text-books. Verifications of learning are foreseen through theoretical questions and practical demonstrations, in order to consolidate the student's knowledge.
Teaching Resources
· Recommended Textbooks: macroscopic anatomy
Dyce KM, Sack WO, Wensing CJG: Anatomia Veterinaria, Antonio Delfino Editore, Roma, 2009
Koning- Liebich: Anatomia dei Mammiferi Domestici. Vol II, Piccin Editore, 2006
Pelagalli G, Botte V: Anatomia Veterinaria Sistematica e Comparata, I vol., III ed., Edi-Ermes, 1999
Miller's Anatomy of the Dog, 4e , H.E. Evans and A. de Lahunta , Elsevir, 2013
Schaller O: Nomenclatura Anatomica Veterinaria Illustrata, Antonio Delfino Editore, 1999
Popesko P: Atlante di Anatomia Topografica degli Animali Domestici, ed Grasso e Edimediche, 1997

· Recommended Textbooks: embryology and organogenesis
Pelagalli G, Castaldo L, Lucini C, Patruno M, Scocco P: Embriologia. Morfogenesi e anomalie dello sviluppo. Idelson Gnocchi Editore, 2009
Noden DM, De Lahunta A: Embriologia degli animali domestici, Edi-Ermes, 1991

· Recommended Textbooks: microscopic anatomy
Liebich: Istologia e Anatomia microscopica dei mammiferi domestici e degli uccelli, Piccin, 2012
Dellmann HD, Eurell JA: Istologia e Anatomia microscopica veterinaria. Casa editrice ambrosiana, Milano, 2000
Banks WJ: Istologia e anatomia microscopica veterinaria, Piccin-Nuova Libraria, 1991

· Slides of the lectures: sito Ariel http://smodinaavsc.ariel.ctu.unimi.it/v3/home/Default.aspx
Anatomia veterinaria sistematica e comparata 1
VET/01 - VETERINARY ANATOMY - University credits: 6
Practicals: 16 hours
Lessons: 40 hours
Shifts:
Turno 1 per un gruppo di studenti
Professor: Modina Silvia Clotilde
Turno 2 per un gruppo di studenti
Professor: Modina Silvia Clotilde
Anatomia veterinaria sistematica e comparata 2
VET/01 - VETERINARY ANATOMY - University credits: 5
Practicals: 16 hours
Lessons: 32 hours
Shifts:
Turno 1 per un gruppo di studenti
Professor: Di Giancamillo Alessia
Turno 2 per un gruppo di studenti
Professor: Di Giancamillo Alessia