History and Institutions of Latin America

A.Y. 2020/2021
9
Max ECTS
60
Overall hours
SSD
SPS/05
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The purpose of the course is to illustrate the complex history of Latin America since the end of the Ancien Régime to the present day, highlighting the main processes in social, cultural, political and economic institutions of the nineteenth and twentieth century and their connections with the international context.
Expected learning outcomes
The course aims to provide students with the tools to understand, describe and to interpret the political, institutional, economical and social dynamics of Latin America nowadays and with the ability to express clearly and in a correct terminology concepts/notions /institutions.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
First trimester
Period of the lessons: 1st trimester - Wednesday 14:30-16:15, Thursday and Friday 12:30-14:15. The lessons will start on Wednesday 23rd of September 2020 at 14:30. The lessons will take place online, synchronously, on the Microsoft Teams platform. The link to take part in the online lessons will be published promptly.

The lessons will take place on the Microsoft Teams platform. Students will be able to participate both synchronously (according to the time schedule of the 1st trimester) and asynchronously, since the lessons will be recorded and made available on Microsoft Teams. The teaching method includes a constant involvement of attending students through in-depth analyses, debates and external guests.

The course's program will not be modified. The teaching materials will include documents published on Ariel, video-lessons and other multimedia materials published on Ariel or Teams.

The written exam will take place online both for attending and non attending students. The exam will take place on the Moodle and Microsoft Teams platform. If possible in the light of the sanitary conditions and regulations, the written exam could be administered also in presence.

More precisely, the exam will aim at verifying:
- compliance with the course's objectives with regard to knowledge and comprehensions ability;
- knowledge acquired by the student with regard to the historical, political, institutional, social and economic evolution of the Latin-American reality;
- students' ability to express the concepts/notions/instruments in a clear and precise way;
- students' ability to use the correct terminology;
-student's ability to interpret, frame and describe in a clear and orderly way the phenomena of the past and dynamics of the present of the Latin-American area.

The course will maintain the distinction between attending and non attending students. Attending students, that will follow the lessons synchronously, will be actively involved in a series of intermediate tests, in order to verify their knowledge level during the course. The detailed information on said intermediate tests will be described by the professor.
Course syllabus
Course Programme For Attending Students - 9 Cfu

A frame about the discovery, the exploration, the conquest and the colonial organization of Spanish and Portuguese empires.
The XIX century: riots for the independence from Spain (1810) and the birth of the independent Brazil (1822), the political instability (the long attendance), the building of new national States, the model of the primary exporter, the liberal era (the so-called British century) with a focus on the relationships with Europe and United States.
The Spanish-American War (1898) and Cuba: from colony to protectorate USA until the 1959 revolution. Cuba from 1959 until today.

The XX century; the end of the liberal political and economical scheme; the rise of United States as new regional actor and the decline of the British role; the Mexican Revolution (1910-1917); the Constitutions of 1917 and Lázaro Cárdenas. the birth of PRI ruling party until 2019; Mexico today with the president AMLO.
The advancing of populism and the relationship among the masses (Vargas; Cárdenas and Perón); the World War II (the so-called "caesura"), Cold War and its consequences, revolutions and repression in '60s and '70s (for the difusion of rural and urban 'guerrillas'; new authoritarian regimes; transition to democracy (the legacy of the dictatorships); the neoliberal era in '90s.

The new Millennium: new political leaders, progressive and innovative parties and their final act, the last years.
The lessons aim to analyse the main political and economical changes in institutions and society and to monitor actual dynamics and political evolutions (e.g., elections, migrations, peace process). The students shall study them in recent journal articles and in the documents uploaded on the site Ariel (section Contents, file Materials for attending students).

Course Programme For Non-Attending Students - 9 cfu
The course deals with the following historical periods:

A frame about the discovery, the exploration, the conquest and the colonial organization of Spanish and Portuguese empires.
The XIX century: riots for the independence from Spain (1810) and the birth of the independent Brazil (1822), the political instability (the long attendance), the building of new national States, the model of the primary exporter, the liberal era (the so-called British century) with a focus on the relationships with Europe and United States.
The Spanish-American War (1898) and Cuba: from colony to protectorate USA until the 1959 revolution. Cuba from 1959 until today.

The XX century; the end of the liberal political and economical scheme; the rise of United States as new regional actor and the decline of the British role; the advancing of populism and the relationship among the masses; World War II (the so-called "caesura"), Cold War and its consequences, revolutions and repression in '60s and '70s; new authoritarian regimes; transition to democracy; the neoliberal era in '90s.

The new Millennium: new political leaders, progressive and innovative parties and their final act, the last years.
The course aims to analyse the main political and economical changes in institutions and society and to monitor actual dynamics and political evolutions (e.g., elections, migrations, peace process). The students shall study them in recent journal articles and in the documents uploaded on the site Ariel (section Contents, file Materials for non-attending students).
Prerequisites for admission
A knowledge of contemporary history and the correct use of the appropriate scientific language are required. Also the capability to identify connections on the diachronic and synchronic plan between different moments, specific fields of the historical process and the different geographical areas.
It is mandatory to have passed the Contemporary History Exam.
Teaching methods
Beside frontal lessons online there will be seminarial lessons and talks with experts, book presentation with autors (within the event BookcityUniversità 2020) about the topics covered.
Moreover bibliographical insights will be provided and reading newspapers, scientific magazines will be stimulated in order to to be accostumbred with the latinoamerican reality in general and in particular with the themes dealt during the course.
News will be an opportunity to reflect and deepen during the lessons, as the aim of the course is to understand the dynamics of the contemporary Latin America.
Lessons will be in Italian with some insights in Spanish.
Teaching Resources
References for the final examination, For Attending Students - 9cfu:

Notes, documents and materials provided during the course and, then:
1. Zanatta Loris, Storia dell'America latina contemporanea, Laterza 2017 COMPLETE READING OF THE BOOK
2. Nocera Raffaele, Stati Uniti e America latina dal 1823 a oggi, Carocci, Roma, 2009 ONLY THE CHAPTERS NOTED DURING THE COURSE
3. Nocera Raffaele - Angelo Trento, America latina, un secolo di storia. Dalla rivoluzione messicana ad oggi, Carocci, Roma, 2013 SUGGESTED READING OF CHAPTER 5; REQUIRED READING OF CHAPTER 6
4. Raffaele Nocera and Valerio Giannattasio (eds.), Democrazie inquiete. Viaggio nelle trasformazioni dell'America latina, Fondazione Giangiacomo Feltrinelli, Milano, 2017, Quaderni/17, e-book in http://www.fondazionefeltrinelli.it/article/ebook-democrazie-inquiete-9… COMPLETE READING
5. Documents uploaded on the site Ariel (Contents: Material for attending students). The reading of these documents is essential as they finalize the knowledge about actual events not contained in the books.

References for final examination, for Non-Attending Students:
Reference for 9 Cfu:
1.Zanatta Loris, Storia dell'America latina contemporanea, Laterza 2017 COMPLETE READING OF THE BOOK
2. Nocera Raffaele, Stati Uniti e America latina dal 1823 a oggi, Carocci, Roma, 2009 COMPLETE READING OF THE BOOK
3. Nocera Raffaele - Angelo Trento, America latina, un secolo di storia. Dalla rivoluzione messicana ad oggi, Carocci, Roma, 2013 ONLY CHAPTERS 5 AND 6
4. Raffaele Nocera and Valerio Giannattasio (eds.), Democrazie inquiete. Viaggio nelle trasformazioni dell'America latina, Fondazione Giangiacomo Feltrinelli, Milano, 2017, Quaderni/17, e-book in http://www.fondazionefeltrinelli.it/article/ebook-democrazie-inquiete-9… COMPLETE READING
5. Documents uploaded on the site Ariel (Contents: Material for non-attending students). The reading of these documents is essential as they finalize the knowledge about actual events not contained in the books. REQUIRED READING


READING)
Assessment methods and Criteria
It is compulsory to register on-line to the exam session via SIFA.
It is mandatory to have passed the Contemporary History Exam.

The written exam will take place online both for attending and non attending students. The exam will take place on the Moodle and Microsoft Teams platform. If possible in the light of the sanitary conditions and regulations, the written exam could be administered also in presence.
The exam will last approximately 2 hours.

The test will be composed of 2 different parts: the first one consists in 50 closed questions with multiple-choice answers. Students will have to answer at least 36 of them correctly to score 18/30 (each correct answer equals 0.5 points). The second part of the examination entails a series of questions with open answer (4 questions). Students will choose 2 among the proposed topics. Each answer will be worth from 0 to 2,5 points.
Students must take both parts of the exam.
The final mark of the exam will be determined by the sum of the points obtained in the two parts above described and will be communicated by the professor within 2 weeks. Student can accept or reject it within a few days from the communication. Past the given deadline, the outcome will be recorded (either with a mark expressed in thirtieths, failed or rejected).

Both multiple choice and open questions are designed to verify:
- the knowledge acquired by students on the historical, political-institutional and socio-economic evolution of Latin America;
- if students know how to express the concepts / notions / institutions clearly and precisely;
- if students know how to use the correct terminology;
- if students have the tools needed to interpret, frame and describe past and present phenomena in the Latin American area.

The program (as described) is valid from the end of the course, which will take place in the 1st quarter, that is to say from the first examination date of December 2020.

IT IS MANDATORY to integrate the textbooks indicated with the material uploaded by the professor on on the Ariel teaching platform, which students can access from the website www.unimi.it. Two folders have been created in the "Contents" section: one with the material for attending students and one with the material for NON-attending students. Each student - based on whether or not they have attended the course - will download the supplementary material.
SPS/05 - AMERICAN HISTORY AND INSTITUTIONS - University credits: 9
Lessons: 60 hours