Physical geography and cartography

A.Y. 2020/2021
8
Max ECTS
68
Overall hours
SSD
GEO/04
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The course intend to provide the basis for understanding and reading the earth landscape, by underlining the relationships among the environmental components.
Expected learning outcomes
Basis for understanding and reading the earth landscape and the relationships among the different components of the environment. Ability of using large scale cartography
Course syllabus and organization

A - L

Lesson period
First semester
The 8 ECTS course includes 7 ECTS of theoretical aspects of physical geography and cartographic representation and 1 ECTS of practical activities (laboratory) of cartography. In the emergency phase, all 8 ECTS will be delivered remotely through synchronous, asynchronous activities and student working groups coordinated by the teachers.
Depending on the emergency conditions and on the availability of the equipped classrooms, some lessons could take place occasionally in presence, at times to be defined during the semester also on the basis of the availability expressed by the students.
If possible, based on the evolution of the COVID-19 situation, it is also planned to provide 12h of cartography lab as lectures in the university's classrooms (face-to-face activities, these 12 hours are further lessons with respect to the 12h foreseen as distance lectures). During these face to face activities students will solve problems and make exercises with teachers and tutors. Alternatively (i.e. if the COVID-19 situation does not allow face-to-face activities) these 12 hours will be carried out remotely as activities of groups of students through the ZOOM and TEAMS platforms and supervised by the teachers.
More precisely the e-learning will be organized according to the following details:

- 6 ECTS (equal to 48 h) will be provided synchronously via the ZOOM platform
- 1 ECTS (equal to 8h) will be provided asynchronously as audiovideo and audiolections made available by the teachers through the didactic site of the course located on the ARIEL platform.
As for both the final and the partial exams (ongoing tests) these during the emergency phase will be proposed via web and will be a time trial, in particular:
the ongoing tests will be proposed as tests through platforms that foresee both a multiple choice part and a part reserved for open answers
the cartography will be proposed as a remote test with exercises to be carried out both manually (calculation of the coordinates on a map scanned and provided by the teachers via the TEAMS or ZOOM platform) and through Microsoft Excel (graph of the elevation profile assigned by the teachers on a map) via TEAMS or ZOOM
the total theoretical test for those students who will not take partials will be an oral test via platform (TEAMS or ZOOM)
The final mark proposed to the student for verbalization will be the weighted average of the theory part (7 CFU) and of the cartography part (1 CFU) after passing with at least the sufficiency (or at least 18/30) of both tests.
During the tests, the student cannot consult books, manuals or notes except for the mental / conceptual maps for DSA certified students only and who have agreed on the compensatory tools with the teachers.

Students will find all the information to access the lessons (link etc.), any changes in the program and any changes in the reference material (bibliography etc.) on the Ariel teaching site.
Course syllabus
The Earth and its representation: The Earth in the Solar System. Planetary motions and their influence on the planet. Elements of cartography and geodesy; cartographic representations and their use; how to read a topographic map.
- The atmosphere and climate: The planet energy budget; Atmosphere composition and features. The greenhouse effect and its role for the Earth; Meteorological weather and climate: temperature, pressure, humidity and other climatic variables. Global atmospheric circulation, winds, meteorological systems. Climate: classification and variability. Elements of biogeography.
- The hydrosphere: Distribution of water on Earth: Oceans and seas, the continental waters. The hydrological cycle. Hydrological variables, channelled waters, fluvial processes. The lakes. The cryosphere (Glaciers, sea ice, snow and permafrost). Coastal processes: tides, waves and currents and their effects on the coasts.
- The lithosphere: Distribution of continents and oceans. The large morphostructures of the Earth's surface in relation to the endogenous processes and their effects on the landscape: Volcanism and Earthquakes.
- Physical landscapes: geomorphological processes (alteration, effects of continental waters and ice) and their effects on the evolution of the landscape. Types of landscape in relation to climatic zones (cold, arid-desert, temperate zones).
- Man and Environment.
Prerequisites for admission
It is a fundamentale basic course.
In any case, all the introductory notions of Italian, European and extra-European regional geography that are not presented during the course, but which can be recalled during the exam tests, are taken for granted.
Teaching methods
This course will employ a variety of instructional methods to accomplish its objectives, including some of the following:

Lectures
Labs
Field Work
Multimedia
Individual and/or Team Projects
Small Group Discussions
Map and Air Photo Analysis
Teaching Resources
Notes available at ARIEL web site
videoclips and tutorial at the ARIEL WEB site
BASE HANDBOOKS
STRAHLER A. Fondamenti del Geografia fisica, Zanichelli 2015 e ristampe
LAVAGNA & LUCARNO, Geocartografia, Zanichelli, 2008
(chapters to be studied will be indicated during the lectures)

Advanced books (not mandatory)
KENDAL, L'incertezza del clima, Piccola Biblioteca Einaudi, 1999
· MACDOUGALL, Storia della Terra, Piccola Biblioteca Einaudi, 1999
· MC KNIGHT & HESS, Geografia fisica. Comprendere il paesaggio, PICCIN, Padova, 2005
· PINNA, Storia del clima, Angeli, Milano, 1996
· PRESS, SIEVER, GROTZINGER & JORDAN, Capire la Terra, Zanichelli, Bologna, 2006
Assessment methods and Criteria
The exam aims at:
- ascertaining the student's knowledge of the basic aspects of the subject by means of questions e
- verifing through exercises the student's ability to use large-scale cartography.

As for the theory exam, this can take place as a single test at the end of the course (and then periodically proposed in each available exam window) or as partial exams (in itinere tests offered to students attending the course), and will consist of a time trial test, in particular:
- the in itinere tests will be proposed as tests involving both a multiple choice part and a part reserved for open answers;
- the cartography test will be proposed as exercises to be carried out both manually (calculation of the coordinates on a map provided by the teachers) and through Microsoft Excel (chart of the elevation profile assigned by the teachers on a map);
-total theory test for those students who will not take partials will be an exam extended to the whole program with both open and multiple choice questions.
The final mark proposed to the student for verbalization will be the weighted average of the theory part (7 ECTS) and of the cartography part (1 ECTS) after passing with at least the sufficiency (or at least 18/30) of both tests.
During the tests, the student cannot consult books, manuals or notes except for the mental / conceptual maps for DSA certified students only and who have agreed on the compensatory tools with the teachers.
GEO/04 - PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY AND GEOMORPHOLOGY - University credits: 8
Practicals with elements of theory: 12 hours
Lessons: 56 hours
Shifts:
turno 1 e turno 2
Professor: Fugazza Davide

M - Z

Responsible
Lesson period
First semester
The 8 ECTS course includes 7 ECTS of theoretical aspects of physical geography and cartographic representation and 1 ECTS of practical activities (laboratory) of cartography. In the emergency phase, all 8 ECTS will be delivered remotely through synchronous, asynchronous activities and student working groups coordinated by the teachers.
Depending on the emergency conditions and on the availability of the equipped classrooms, some lessons could take place occasionally in presence, at times to be defined during the semester also on the basis of the availability expressed by the students.
If possible, based on the evolution of the COVID-19 situation, it is also planned to provide 12h of cartography lab as lectures in the university's classrooms (face-to-face activities, these 12 hours are further lessons with respect to the 12h foreseen as distance lectures). During these face to face activities students will solve problems and make exercises with teachers and tutors. Alternatively, (i.e. if the COVID-19 situation does not allow face-to-face activities) these 12 hours will be carried out remotely as activities of groups of students through the ZOOM and TEAMS platforms and supervised by the teachers.
More precisely the e-learning will be organized according to the following details:

- 6 ECTS (equal to 48 h) will be provided synchronously via the ZOOM platform
- 1 ECTS (equal to 8h) will be provided asynchronously as audiovideo and audiolections made available by the teachers through the didactic site of the course located on the ARIEL platform.
As for both the final and the partial exams (ongoing tests) these during the emergency phase will be proposed via web and will be a time trial, in particular:
the ongoing tests will be proposed as tests through platforms that foresee both a multiple choice part and a part reserved for open answers
the cartography will be proposed as a remote test with exercises to be carried out both manually (calculation of the coordinates on a map scanned and provided by the teachers via the TEAMS or ZOOM platform) and through Microsoft Excel (graph of the elevation profile assigned by the teachers on a map) via TEAMS or ZOOM
the total theoretical test for those students who will not take partials will be an oral test via platform (TEAMS or ZOOM)
The final mark proposed to the student for verbalization will be the weighted average of the theory part (7 CFU) and of the cartography part (1 CFU) after passing with at least the sufficiency (or at least 18/30) of both tests.
During the tests, the student cannot consult books, manuals or notes except for the mental / conceptual maps for DSA certified students only and who have agreed on the compensatory tools with the teachers.

Students will find all the information to access the lessons (link etc.), any changes in the program and any changes in the reference material (bibliography etc.) on the Ariel teaching site.
Course syllabus
The Earth and its representation: The Earth in the Solar System. Planetary motions and their influence on the planet. Elements of cartography and geodesy; cartographic representations and their use; how to read a topographic map.
- The atmosphere and climate: The planet energy budget; Atmosphere composition and features. The greenhouse effect and its role for the Earth; Meteorological weather and climate: temperature, pressure, humidity and other climatic variables. Global atmospheric circulation, winds, meteorological systems. Climate: classification and variability. Elements of biogeography.
- The hydrosphere: Distribution of water on Earth: Oceans and seas, the continental waters. The hydrological cycle. Hydrological variables, channelled waters, fluvial processes. The lakes. The cryosphere (Glaciers, sea ice, snow and permafrost). Coastal processes: tides, waves and currents and their effects on the coasts.
- The lithosphere: Distribution of continents and oceans. The large morphostructures of the Earth's surface in relation to the endogenous processes and their effects on the landscape.
- Physical landscapes: geomorphological processes (alteration, gravity action, dynamic of continental waters and ice, wind dynamic) and their effects on the evolution of the landscape. Types of landscape in relation to climatic zones (cold, arid-desert, temperate zones).
- Man and Environment.
Prerequisites for admission
It is a fundamental basic course.
In any case, all the introductory notions of Italian, European and extra-European regional geography that are not presented during the course, but which can be recalled during the exam tests, are taken for granted.
Teaching methods
This course will employ a variety of instructional methods to accomplish its objectives, including some of the following:

Lectures
Labs
Field Work
Multimedia
Individual and/or Team Projects
Small Group Discussions
Map and Air Photo Analysis
Teaching Resources
Notes available at ARIEL web site
videoclips and tutorial at the ARIEL WEB site
BASE HANDBOOKS
STRAHLER A. Fondamenti del Geografia fisica, Zanichelli 2015 e ristampe
LAVAGNA & LUCARNO, Geocartografia, Zanichelli, 2008
(chapters to be studied will be indicated during the lectures)

Advanced books (not mandatory)
KENDAL, L'incertezza del clima, Piccola Biblioteca Einaudi, 1999
· MACDOUGALL, Storia della Terra, Piccola Biblioteca Einaudi, 1999
· MC KNIGHT & HESS, Geografia fisica. Comprendere il paesaggio, PICCIN, Padova, 2005
· PINNA, Storia del clima, Angeli, Milano, 1996
· PRESS, SIEVER, GROTZINGER & JORDAN, Capire la Terra, Zanichelli, Bologna, 2006
Assessment methods and Criteria
The exam aims at:
- ascertaining the student's knowledge of the basic aspects of the subject by means of questions e
- verifing through exercises the student's ability to use large-scale cartography.

As for the theory exam, this can take place as a single test at the end of the course (and then periodically proposed in each available exam window) or as partial exams (in itinere tests offered to students attending the course), and will consist of a time trial test, in particular:
- the in itinere tests will be proposed as tests involving both a multiple choice part and a part reserved for open answers;
- the cartography test will be proposed as exercises to be carried out both manually (calculation of the coordinates on a map provided by the teachers) and through Microsoft Excel (chart of the elevation profile assigned by the teachers on a map);
-total theory test for those students who will not take partials will be an exam extended to the whole program with both open and multiple choice questions.
The final mark proposed to the student for verbalization will be the weighted average of the theory part (7 ECTS) and of the cartography part (1 ECTS) after passing with at least the sufficiency (or at least 18/30) of both tests.
During the tests, the student cannot consult books, manuals or notes except for the mental / conceptual maps for DSA certified students only and who have agreed on the compensatory tools with the teachers.
GEO/04 - PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY AND GEOMORPHOLOGY - University credits: 8
Practicals with elements of theory: 12 hours
Lessons: 56 hours
Shifts:
Professor: Pelfini Manuela
turno 1 e turno 2
Professor: Azzoni Roberto Sergio