Pre-professional Interdisciplinary Course I with elements of environmental and human sociology

A.Y. 2020/2021
13
Max ECTS
104
Overall hours
SSD
MED/42 MED/44 SPS/09 VET/06
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
- Know the main models of economic, social and health development and environmental protection in industrialized countries
- Know and identify the processes that support or determine events, phenomena and behaviors of the individual or group, assessing their characteristics and their impact in a bio-cultural perspective, or in relation to the system or social structure in which they occur (family, group, ethnicity, organization, community)
- Develop a capacity for analysis and solution of preventive and welfare problems in a cross-cultural perspective, starting from the knowledge of the problems of the multi-ethnic society.
Expected learning outcomes
Knowledge and understanding of the functioning of prevention services in the field of health systems and useful elements for dealing with complex professional problems. Specific topics will include:
· Knowledge related to the organization of health services at national and international level and ability to understand the dynamics of their development
· Knowledge of some basic aspects related to vaccination in a preventive perspective, useful for future applications in the field of health services;
· knowledge on chemical and ergonomic risk factors and some tools for risk assessment in the field of occupational health and public health;
· Knowledge of some basic aspects of medical parasitology in a preventive perspective useful for future applications in the field of health services.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Responsible
Lessons will be delivered remotely or in person or in mixed mode. Remote teaching will be delivered using the live MS TEAMS platform and recording of the lessons, which will then be available to students.
The mode of delivery of the lessons may undergo changes that will depend on the evolution of the health situation.
Prerequisites for admission
No prior knowledge is required
Assessment methods and Criteria
The exam will be written and oral. For some courses a written test will be proposed consisting of some multiple choice and open questions; in addition for some modules, an oral test will be performed
Hygiene and public health
Course syllabus
- Measles and rubella prevention strategies. Vaccinations of travelers
- Prevention strategies for polio and meningitis
- Calendar of vaccinations. The successes of vaccinations
- Coverage and vaccination strategies
- Vaccination strategies
- Vaccines and vaccinations
Teaching methods
The courses will include lectures with discussion of case studies.
Teaching Resources
Educational material provided by the teacher.
Occupational medicine
Course syllabus
Industrial and environmental hygiene and toxicology, risk assessment
- Elements of toxicodynamics.
- History of occupational and environmental toxicology.
- Elements of toxicodynamics.
- REACH and CLP regulations; hazard classification and safety data sheets.
- The classification of carcinogenicity.
- Toxicokinetics.
- The chemical risk assessment according to Legislative Decree 81/08.
- Models for risk estimation; the measure of exposure.
- The definition of exposure limit values and their search in databases.
- Illustration of some examples of toxicological / preventive research projects (tobacco smoke and electronic cigarette, urban air pollution)
- Basic knowledge of the chemical risk assessment criteria
- Basic knowledge of methods and criteria for assessing environmental safety (pollution of soil and surface and groundwater) and waste management.
- illustration of some case studies of general concepts
Ergonomics
- The NIOSH method for assessing the risk of manual handling of loads
- the Snook and Ciriello method for risk assessment in towing and pushing operations
- The European and national framework of occupational diseases
- Ergonomic risk assessment for the musculoskeletal system in the movement of hospital patients using the MAPI method:
- Hospital and RSA: epidemiology of WMSDs in assistance operators
- Evolution of the type of assistance in Europe and analysis of the organization of work
- Exercise to compile a protocol for organizational analysis
- The different determinants of risk from patient handling
- Methods for carrying out an inspection and analyzing environmental inadequacies
- The criteria for attributing values to risk determinants
- Exercise to calculate the risk index using the MAPI method
- Preventive strategies to reduce specific risks
Environmental impact
- Health impact assessment of environmental exposures and production sites
Teaching methods
The courses will include lectures with discussion of case studies.
Teaching Resources
Educational material provided by the teachers
TR 12296 on patient risk management
International guidelines on preventive strategies
Economic sociology and sociology of work and organisations
Course syllabus
- Definitions of welfare state, from its origins to today. Marshall's concept of citizenship, in its various components.
- Welfare state and welfare mix. Intervention models in welfare policies.
- The historical evolution of the welfare state in Europe. From the origins to the seventies: birth, consolidation and expansion. The gap between the employment model and the universalistic model.
- The socio-economic transformations of the last thirty years and the crisis of the welfare state: the transition from Fordism to post-Fordism, globalization, the aging of the population, changes in the structure of the family, the growth of female employment and consequences on welfare services.
- The reform of the welfare state. The concept of recalibration.
- The welfare regimes of Esping-Andersen and the debate they aroused at an international level and in Italy.
- The welfare state in Italy: birth, development and reform processes of the last twenty years. The Italian welfare state in a comparative perspective.
- The institutional and regulatory structures of social services. The Italian case in a comparative perspective
Teaching methods
The courses will include lectures with discussion of case studies.
Teaching Resources
Ferrera M., (2012) Le politiche sociali, Bologna, Il Mulino, limited to the cap. 1.
Further reading instructions and slides will be provided during the course in class.
Parasitology and animal parasitic diseases
Course syllabus
- Basic knowledge of medical parasitology, focusing on epidemiological, diagnostic and prevention aspects
- some models of parasitic and vector-borne diseases (including: Lyme disease; teniasis; echinococcosis; anisakidosis), through which the basic concepts of the discipline will be exemplified.
Teaching methods
The courses will include lectures with discussion of case studies.
Teaching Resources
De Carneri - Parassitologia medica e diagnostica parassitologia. A cura di Olga Brandonisio, Fabrizio Bruschi, Claudio Genchi, Edoardo Pozio.
Economic sociology and sociology of work and organisations
SPS/09 - ECONOMIC SOCIOLOGY AND SOCIOLOGY OF WORK AND ORGANIZATIONS - University credits: 2
Lessons: 16 hours
Professor: Mori Anna
Hygiene and public health
MED/42 - HYGIENE AND PUBLIC HEALTH - University credits: 2
Lessons: 16 hours
Professor: Romano' Luisa
Occupational medicine
MED/44 - OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE - University credits: 5003
Lessons: 64 hours
Professors: Fustinoni Silvia, Moretto Angelo
Parasitology and animal parasitic diseases
VET/06 - PARASITOLOGY AND ANIMAL PARASITIC DISEASES - University credits: 1
Lessons: 8 hours
Professor: Epis Sara