Agricultural genetics and herbaceous crops

A.Y. 2021/2022
10
Max ECTS
92
Overall hours
SSD
AGR/02 AGR/07
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The general objective of the course "Plant genetics and herbaceous crops" is to provide basic knowledge on the cropping systems in Italian agricultural areas, with a focus on the intensive livestock farming in the Po valley. Students will learn which aspects are needed to consider in the evaluation of the choice of new varieties and the grain and forage cropping systems on both cereal and livestock farms. Such aspects are crop type and potential productivity, sowing and harvest time, fertilization, irrigation, hay-cutting time, and forage conservation. Students will understand which elements are needed to consider when setting up cereal-based systems on a livestock farm, according to the livestock feeding requirement and the market prices of commodities. Furthermore the students will acquire technical and scientific knowledge for the variety choice and the management of agricultural genetic resources also on the basis of modern biotechnology useful to work in the cereal, forage-livestock, agro-food, agro-energy and seed sectors.
Expected learning outcomes
In this course the student will acquire the knowledge regarding the fundamental techniques used in plant breeding, from classical plant breeding (e.g. recurrent selection, inbred line extraction, backcrossing, hybrid varieties and mutagenesis ) to modern molecular tools (e. g. marker assisted selection, genetic modified crops). In addition the students will acquire technical and scientific knowledge to work in the cereal, forage-livestock, agro-food, agro-energy and seed sectors.In this course the student will acquire the knowledge regarding the fundamental techniques used in plant breeding, from classical plant breeding (e.g. recurrent selection, inbred line extraction, backcrossing, hybrid varieties and mutagenesis ) to modern molecular tools (e. g. marker assisted selection, genetic modified crops). In addition the students will acquire technical and scientific knowledge to work in the cereal, forage-livestock, agro-food, agro-energy and seed sectors.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
Second semester
The course will be held by the teacher frontally in the classroom and by Teams platform.
Course syllabus
Fundamentals of Quantitative genetics and Population genetics. Chromosome and gene mutations. Plant propagation and genetic structure: allogamy, autogamy and vegetative propagation. Genetic constitution of the main cultures: natural populations, ecotypes, synthetic populations, clones, inbred lines, hybrids. Essential of genetics improvement in plant breeding: hereditability of the characters and selection, recurrent selection, inbred line extraction, backcrossing, hybrid varieties and chemical and physical mutagenesis. The green revolution and its genetic basis. Genetically Modified Plants (GM crops): resistance to pests and herbicides.
Prerequisites for admission
It is advisable to have followed a basic genetics course
Teaching methods
The course will be held by the teacher frontally in the classroom and in synchronous mode by the Teams platform with the use of support devices (slides, video materials, documents).
Teaching Resources
1. Lecture notes.
2. G. Barcaccia e Mario Falcinelli " Genetica e genomica" Volume II Miglioramento Genetico. Liguori Editore

Texts and material that can be consulted
F. Lorenzetti, S. Lorenzetti e D. Rosellini, Uomini e Semi. Patron Editore Bologna
Assessment methods and Criteria
The assessment of learning will take place through a written test with types of closed, structured and open questions. The evaluation criteria will concern the quality of theoretical knowledge possessed and the adequacy of references to sources;
- ability to apply and use the knowledge and methodologies proposed in relation to real contexts;
- ability to autonomously and personally re-elaborate learning.
Coltivazioni erbacee
AGR/02 - AGRONOMY AND FIELD CROPS - University credits: 0
AGR/07 - AGRICULTURAL GENETICS - University credits: 0
Field activity: 8 hours
Practicals: 16 hours
Lessons: 36 hours
Professor: Perego Alessia
Genetica vegetale
AGR/02 - AGRONOMY AND FIELD CROPS - University credits: 0
AGR/07 - AGRICULTURAL GENETICS - University credits: 0
Lessons: 32 hours