Medical sciences

A.Y. 2021/2022
15
Max ECTS
210
Overall hours
SSD
M-PSI/08 MED/05 MED/09 MED/35 MED/38
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The course of Medical Sciences provides a general framework of the etiological, physiopathological, clinical and care bases of the main acute and chronic diseases of internal, pediatric and dermatological interest related to the dental discipline and the bases of their treatment. It also provides the fundamental notions regarding the setting of a correct diagnosis of the main organ pathologies based on information deriving from laboratory medicine with particular reference to the dental field. Finally, it provides elements of Clinical Psychology both for helping to identify patients with psychological problems and for improving the doctor-patient relationship.
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the course, students will be able to recognize the symptoms and signs of the main acute and chronic diseases of internal, pediatric and dermatological interest related to the dental discipline and will know the relative therapies. They will also be able to use laboratory diagnostics for a correct diagnosis of the main organ pathologies and will eventually be able to identify psychological problems in patients with oral manifestations setting up a correct doctor-patient relationship.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Responsible
More specific information on the delivery modes of training activities for academic year 2021/22 will be provided over the coming months, based on the evolution of the public health situation.
Prerequisites for admission
No prior knowledge is required
Assessment methods and Criteria
At the end of the integrated course of Medical Sciences, students must be able to recognize the symptoms and signs of the main acute and chronic pathologies of internal, pediatric and dermatological interest related to the dental discipline and know the related therapies. They must also be able to use laboratory diagnostics for a correct diagnosis of the main organ diseases, particularly in the dental field, and must finally identify the psychological problems in patients with oral diseases by setting up a correct doctor-patient relationship.
At the end of each teaching module of the integrated course, students take an exam to assess the level of preparation in the individual study subjects in the following ways:
- Internal Medicine Module (8 CFU). Written part with multiple choice questions and oral part. The grade points are expressed in thirtieths. The results are available at the end of the exam.
- Clinical Pathology Module (3 CFU). Written test with two open questions. The grade points are expressed in thirtieths. The results are communicated electronically.
- Pediatrics module (2 credits). Written test. The grade points are expressed in thirtieths. The results are communicated electronically.
- Dermatology module (1 CFU). Written test with multiple choice questions or open questions. The grade points are expressed in thirtieths. The results are communicated electronically.
- Psychology module (1 CFU). Written test with multiple choice questions. The grade points are expressed in thirtieths. The results are communicated electronically.
The final grade point of the integrated course of Medical Sciences, which is recorded after passing all the modules, is represented by the weighted average of the grade points achieved in the individual modules on the basis of the relative CFU and is expressed in thirtieths.
Internal medicine
Course syllabus
1) Hemostasis and fibrinolysis;
2) Allergies;
3) Hepatitis, cirrhosis, anemias and leukemias;
4) Deficiency, endocrine, autoimmune, congenital diseases;
5) Viral, bacterial, mycosis, iatrogenic diseases;
6) Cancer, diabetes mellitus, senile dementia (poor hygiene, poor care);
7) Practical implications on the profession, protections (HIV-hepatitis), prophylaxis (endocarditis), interactions with other professions, anamnestic investigation.
8) Diseases of the respiratory system: diseases of the lung, pleura; asthma and chronic bronchitis, emphysema; pulmonary tuberculosis.
9) Diseases of the heart and large vessels: heart failure, arterial hypertension, arteriosclerosis; ischemic heart disease, valvulopathies and pericarditis; cardiac arrhythmias.
Teaching methods
The module of Internal Medicine provides a general overview of the etiological, pathophysiological, clinical and assistance bases of the main acute and chronic pathologies of internal interest related to the dental discipline and the bases of their treatment. The teaching takes place during the third year of the course of Dentistry and Dental Prosthesis with 6 credits of frontal lessons and 2 credits of clinical practice exercises at the bedside and presentation of clinical cases in the classroom.
Teaching Resources
Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine; Rugarli Medicina interna sistematica.
Clinical pathology
Course syllabus
· blood count test: evaluation of the various circulating chains and diagnostic value
· diagnostic evaluation of the parameters of transfusion medicine
· diagnostic evaluation of coagulation
· diagnostic evaluation of allergies
· diagnostic evaluation of tumor markers
· diagnostic evaluation of osteoimmunological markers
· diagnostic evaluation of autoimmune diseases
· diagnostic evaluation of electrolytes
Teaching methods
The module of Clinical Pathology (2CFU of frontal teaching and 1 CFU of non-frontal teaching) aims to provide the student with the basic knowledge relating to the peculiar aspects of the main human pathologies, with particular reference to the dental field. The main diagnostic approaches of laboratory medicine are described. The student acquires the fundamental notions related to the setting of a correct diagnosis of the main organ diseases on the basis of information deriving from laboratory medicine, with particular reference to the dental field. This aspect is deepened also through a critical study of literature with exercises in the form of a journal club in which groups of students present an article, provided by the teacher, which deepens the topics covered in the lectures.
Teaching Resources
Notes from the lessons and journal articles.
Dermatology
Course syllabus
- Psoriasic syndrome (skin psoriasis and - associated arthropathy and comorbidity) diagnosis and therapy
- Eritemate-desquamative dermatites and lichen ruber planus
- Eczematous contact dermatitis (acute and chronic irritant, allergic, atopic, dyshydrosic, nummular eczema)
- Diseases of sebaceous and apocrine glands (acne, rosacea, hydrosadenitis suppurativa)
- Parasitary, mycotic, bacterial and viral skin diseases
- Acquired bullous diseases (pemphigus, pemphigoid, herpes gestationis, herpetiform dermatitis and linear iga)
- The skin in immune and autoimmune disorders (urticaria, polymorphic erythema and related pathologies, lupus, scleroderma, dermatomyositis)
- Precancer lesions
- Benign and malignant tumors of epithelial, melanocytic, lymphocytic nature
- Cutenous events of the main systemic diseases
- Main sexual transmitted diseases
Teaching methods
The module of Dermatology module (1 CFU) is divided into classroom lectures and exercises at the visiting rooms of the Dermatology unit of the Galeazzi hospital with any dedicated seminars. The teaching does not use e-learning teaching material available on the Ariel platform.
Teaching Resources
Modulo di Dermatologia
MALATTIE CUTANNE E VENEREE F AYALA P LISI G MONFRECOLA G ARGENZIANO L STINGENI II ED PICCIN
DERMATOLOGIA MEDICA E CHIRURGICA (T. CAINELLI,A. GIANETTI, A. REBORA) Mc Graw Hill
MANUALE ATLANTE DI DERMATOLOGIA CLINICA (FITZPATRICK) Piccin
Pediatrics
Course syllabus
- Nutritional status
- Neurological development
- Vaccines
- Vomiting and diarrhea
- Bronchiolitis
- Febrile seizures
- Head trauma
- Loss of consciousness and pediatric basic life support
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons and clinical practice exercises also in the emergency department.
Teaching Resources
Eur J Pediatr (2018) 177:1-5. Italian Journal of Pediatrics (2018) 44:7. Lancet (2018); 389: 211-24. Medical and Surgical Pediatrics 2017; 39:155. Italian Journal of Pediatrics (2015) 41:47. Nutrients 2018, 10, 706; doi:10.3390.
http://www.salute.gov.it/imgs/C_17_pubblicazioni_2571_allegato.pdf. www.uptodate.com
Clinical psychology
Course syllabus
- What is Clinical Psychology.
- The dental phobia patient.
- The patient with Burning Mouth syndrome.
- The pediatric patient.
- The patient with atypical facial pain.
- Patient-Centered Medicine: the agenda, the techniques, the bad news in Dentistry.
Teaching methods
The module of Clinical Psychology (1 CFU) takes place with classroom lectures with experiential elements (e.g. role-playing) and provides students with knowledge of Clinical Psychology to facilitate the identification and sending of "difficult" patients (dental phobic or somatoform patient or pediatric patients) and to improve the doctor-patient relationship.
Teaching Resources
Notes from the lessons.
Moja E, Vegni E. La Medicina centrata sul Paziente. Raffaello Cortina Editore, 2000.
Clinical pathology
MED/05 - CLINICAL PATHOLOGY - University credits: 3
Lessons: 20 hours
Practicals - Exercises: 25 hours
Clinical psychology
M-PSI/08 - CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Professor: Mazzoni Davide
Dermatology
MED/35 - DERMATOLOGY AND VENEREAL DISEASES - University credits: 1
Lessons: 10 hours
Internal medicine
MED/09 - INTERNAL MEDICINE - University credits: 8
Lessons: 60 hours
Practicals - Exercises: 50 hours
Shifts:
Professor: Cugno Massimo
Polo Centrale
Professors: Lombardi Rosa, Proietti Marco
Polo S. Paolo
Professors: Lombardi Rosa, Proietti Marco
Pediatrics
MED/38 - PAEDIATRICS - University credits: 2
Lessons: 10 hours
Practicals - Exercises: 25 hours
Shifts:
Polo Centrale
Professor: Milani Gregorio Paolo
Polo S. Paolo
Professor: Banderali Giuseppe
Educational website(s)