Microbiology and Hygiene

A.Y. 2021/2022
Overall hours
MED/07 MED/42
Learning objectives
The course aims to provide knowledge of:
- biology of microorganisms and their classification
- basic notions of epidemiology
- groups of microorganisms of particular dental interest and related infectious diseases
- methods of prevention of infectious diseases
- bases of the disinfection, sterilization and sanitizing process
- antimicrobial drugs with particular attention to antibiotics and the phenomenon of antibiotic resistance in the clinical field
- infectious risk in the dental field and risk management
- national and regional health organization
Expected learning outcomes
The student will be able to develop knowledge and understanding of the topics covered and will be able to apply the knowledge in the professional activity, in the preventive and clinical field.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

More specific information on the delivery modes of training activities for academic year 2021/22 will be provided over the coming months, based on the evolution of the public health situation.
Prerequisites for admission
The student must have general knowledge of biology
Assessment methods and Criteria
The final examination is a written text with questions aimed at understanding the knowledge of the student and his/her capability to interpret information given in the course.
The evaluation will be weighted according to the CFU provided in each module.
The results, in anonymous form, will be published on the Ariel platform.
Microbiology and clinical microbiology
Course syllabus
- General characteristic and classification of bacteria, viruses, fungi and protozoa for humans
- Host-parasite interaction
- Microbial pathogenicity mechanisms
- Microscopic preparations
- Anatomy and physiology of the bacterial cell
- Bacterial growth curves
- Isolation of bacteria
- Culture medium
- Methods for infection control
- Main techniques useful in microbiological diagnostics
- Main classes of antimicrobial agents
- Mechanism of action of antibiotics
- Antibiotic prophylaxis and use of vaccines
- Antimicrobial prophylaxis and therapy of oral infections
- Antimicrobial resistance
- Oral ecology
- Dental plaque
- Caries
- Periodontitis
- Biofilm
- Virus replication - pathogenic mechanisms of viruses
- Principles of virological diagnostics
- Viral interference
- Antiviral
- Micrococcaceae
- Streptococcus
- Enterococcus
- Neisseriaceae
- Mycobacteriaceae
- Actinomyces
- Corynebacterium
- Lactobacillus
- Enterobacteriaceae
- Vibrionaceae
- Bordetella
- Legionellaceae
- Moraxellaceae
- Pseudomonadaceae
- Peptococcus
- Peptostreptococcus
- Veillonellaceae
- Clostridium
- Bacteroides
- Fusobacterium
- Helycobacter
- Mycoplasma
- Chlamydia
- Spirochete
- Pox-viridae
- Herpesviridae
- Hepadnaviridae
- Adenoviridae
- Papovaviridae
- Parvoviridae
- Togaviridae
- Flaviviridae
- Coronaviridae
- Paramyxoviridae
- Orthomyxoviridae
- Rhabdoviridae
- Arenaviridae
- Picornaviridae
- Retroviridae
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons supported by slides
Teaching Resources
Laplaca Principi di microbiologia medica, Esculapio editore
Poli Cocuzza Nicoletti, Microbiologia medica, UTET editore
Hygiene and public health
Course syllabus
Objectives of the course
Concept of health,
Health determinants
Natural history of infectious and non-infectious diseases
Epidemiological methodology,
Prevention I, II and III
Disinfection, main active principles of disinfectants, most common errors in disinfection processes
Sterilization, main methods of sterilization
Hand washing
Vaccines and vaccination calendar
Epidemiology and prevention of haematic / sexual and airborne diseases of dental interest (i.e. Hepatitis, AIDS, Legionellosis, influenza)
Environmental hygiene in dental practice
Clinical risk management
Health organization and legislation
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons supported by slides
Teaching Resources
Auxilia F, Pontello M, Igiene e Sanità Pubblica I fondamenti della prevenzione. PICCIN editore
Slides published on Ariel platform
Hygiene and public health
MED/42 - HYGIENE AND PUBLIC HEALTH - University credits: 7
Lessons: 70 hours
Microbiology and clinical microbiology
Lessons: 60 hours
Professor: Mattina Roberto