Neurology

A.Y. 2021/2022
5
Max ECTS
60
Overall hours
SSD
MED/26 MED/27 MED/34
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The aims of the teaching course on Nervous System Diseases is to provide the students with knowledge about anatomo-functional aspects, pathophysiological concepts, and diagnostic procedures to understand the various diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system, including the diseases of the muscle of neurological origin.
Students will be provided with neuroepidemiological teaching on the main neurological diseases, particularly thise usefule for understanding the mechanisms of the disease and those that have a string impact on social and health system organization.

The course will also provide teaching elements on the principal instrumental and laboratory techniques utilized in the diagnosis of the diseases of the nervous system (lumbar puncture, neuroradiology, nuclear medicine techniques, neurophysiopathological techniques, such as electroencephalogram, evoked potentials, electromiography). Finally, the teaching course will provide fundamentals and elements on the therapeutic aspects of the neurological diseases.

Central to the teaching of the Nervous System Disease course are the concepts of the localization of the lesion (central versus peripheral, level of lesions) and the correlation with other aspects of medicine in an integrated and not focalized vison of the specialty.
Expected learning outcomes
At the end of the teaching course, the student will be able to utilize the information received about the nervous system diseases, including the main aspects of anatomo-functional and pathophysiological type. In particular, the student will have to be able to:
- Localize the lesion site within the nervous system (central, peripheral including the muscular apparatus).
- Perform a first approach of differential diagnosis of the main neurological syndromes (e.g., headache, loss of consciousness, motor deficits, visual disturbances, etc. etc.).
- Provide sufficiently detailed information about the main neurological diseases.
- Have basic notions on therapy principles of neurological diseases and on the current new perspectives in this field.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Responsible
More specific information on the delivery modes of training activities for academic year 2021/22 will be provided over the coming months, based on the evolution of the public health situation.
Prerequisites for admission
1. Anatomy
2. Histology of the cells of the nervous system
3. Physiology of the central and peripheral nervous system
4. Biochemistry as far as related to the aspects that affect some pathogenetic and pathophysiological aspects of diseases of the nervous system
Assessment methods and Criteria
Oral examination The commission will evaluate:
The student's ability to utilize the information received about the nervous system diseases, including the main aspects of anatomo-functional and pathophysiological type. In particular, the student will have to be able to:
- Localize the lesion site within the nervous system (central, peripheral including the muscular apparatus).
- Perform a first approach of differential diagnosis of the main neurological syndromes (e.g., headache, loss of consciousness, motor deficits, visual disturbances, etc. etc.).
- Provide sufficiently detailed information about the main neurological diseases.
Neurology
Course syllabus
Cerebrovascular Diseases Multiple Sclerosis
Fundamentals of neuropsychology
Dementias
Headaches
Semeiotics peripheral and autonomic nervous system
Syncope
Delirium and confusional states
Parkinson's disease and parkinsonisms
Principles of neurophysiology
Epilepsy and EEG
Cranial and systemic neuropathies
Immunological, immune-mediated and genetic neuropathies
Pathology of the neuromuscular junction and myopathies
Motor neuron diseases
Coma and brain death
Infectious pathology of the nervous system
Principles of neurosurgery
Emergencies in neurosurgery
Principles of surgical neuro-oncology
Principles of neuro-traumatology
Principles of spinal neurosurgery
Neurorehabilitation and disability
Neurorehabilitation and post-stroke rehabilitation
Neurorehabilitation and balance deficit: pathophysiology
Neurorehabilitation and balance deficit: rehabilitation
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
"Suggested textbooks: 1) Jean Cambier, Maurice Masson, Henri Dehen. Neurologia.
2) Parte di neurologia di Harrison "Principi di medicina interna"."
Neurosurgery
Course syllabus
Principles of neurosurgical techniques. Intracranial hypertension and brain hernias. Hydrocephalus. Neurotraumatoloy (epidemiology, patient assessment, symptoms, neuroimaging and principles of therapy). Traumatic lesions of the spinal cord (symptoms, neuroimaging and therapeutic indications). Cauda equina syndrome. Neuro-oncology (epidemiology, clinical aspects, hystology, and therapeutic principles). Cerebral hemorrhages; subaracnoid hemorrhage and intracranial aneurysms (symptoms, neuroimaging, and therapeutic aspects).
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
H. Richard Winn, Youmans and Winn Neurological Surgery. 8th edition
Physical and rehabilitation medicine
Course syllabus
"Characteristics of human gait and description of the phases of gait cycle.Clinical evaluation of normal and pathological gait (ataxic gait, hemiparetic gait, steppage gait, spastic paraparesis gait, parkinsonian gait).
Instrumental evaluation of gait and gait analysis."
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Whittle's Gait Analysis, 5th Edition. Churchill Livingstone 2012.
Neurology
MED/26 - NEUROLOGY - University credits: 3
Lessons: 36 hours
Neurosurgery
MED/27 - NEUROSURGERY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 12 hours
Professor: Perucca Laura
Physical and rehabilitation medicine
MED/34 - PHYSICAL AND REHABILITATION MEDICINE - University credits: 1
Lessons: 12 hours
Professor: Di Meco Francesco