Training course 13: Clinical Pathology

A.Y. 2021/2022
Overall hours
VET/03 VET/05 VET/06 VET/08 VET/09 VET/10
Learning objectives
Learning objectives (nuovo testo da inserire in W4): The course is tailored to give to students an overview on the main pathological changes that can be encountered in cytopathology, dermatopathology, clinical biochemistry and surgical pathology in small animals.
Expected learning outcomes
1-the student should demonstrate to know cytology features, both normal and pathologic, of the most common sampled tissues and organs in clinical practice. The student should demonstrate to diagnose some common dermatopathological and surgical biopsy, mainly oncologuc, samples.
2-The student should demonstrate to recognize clinical biochemistry data associated to common diseases.
3-The student should demonstrate to be able to use a correct terminology
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
Second semester
More specific information on the delivery modes of training activities for a.y. 2021-22 will be provided over the coming months, based on the evolution of the public health situation.
Prerequisites for admission
Prior knowledge of:
- Basi subjects (specially biology);
- Veterinary anatomy;
- Veterinary general pathology;
- Veterinary microbiology and immunology;
- Parassitology.
Assessment methods and Criteria
Each module of the course includes a practical test that generates a grade. Alternatively, the grade is defined on the basis of ongoing tests carried out in a more or less formal manner during the practice. The average of the marks of the tests constitutes the final mark.
Clinical Rotation
Course syllabus
In the document of the Day one competences "(DOCs), drawn up by the European Coordinating Committee on Veterinary Training, there is a list of knowledge and skills that the new graduate must possess. The electronic logbook lists the practical skills that the student must acquire to satisfy what is reported in the DOCs document. The hospital rotation is aimed at making the student acquire the skills and competences shown in the electronic logbook which from time to time it will be appropriate to apply on patients and case studies assigned.
Teaching methods
Practical work on referred for visit and hospitalized patients and on biological material provided for diagnostic purposes at the Teaching Veterinary Hospital. The work will be carried out by the students individually or in groups under the direct guidance of the teachers. All students will carry out activities in the Companion Animal Veterinary Teaching Hospital, in the Ruminant and Swine Clinic, in Equine Clinic and in the facilities of the diagnostic services.
Teaching Resources
No specific reference material is foreseen. In relation to the activities carried out from time to time, students may be asked to research and discuss scientific literature on specific cases observed.
Diagnostic cytology
Course syllabus
General rules in diagnostic cytology
The cytologic sample: how to prepare and read it
Common lesions of skin
Common lesions of lymph node
Abdominal and thoracic fluids
Cytology lesions from various sites
Teaching methods
Microscopic evaluation of cytology samples.
Teaching Resources
Basic concept in .pdf or .ppt files given at the beginning of the course.
Cytologic samples to evaluate independently at the microscope.
Course syllabus
-Practical principles of report writing (description and morphological diagnosis) by evaluating examples of reports
- Basic normal skin microanatomical aspects of small animals
- Principles of pattern analysis of lesional skin biopsies utilizing microscopical lesional cases of:
1. Perivascular to intertitial dermatitis
2. Vesicular dermatitis
3. Pustular dermatitis
4. Interface dermatitis
5. Nodular to diffuse dermatitis
6. Folliculitis and furuncolosis
7. Vasculopaty and vasculitis
8. Atrophic dermatitis and folluclar arrest
9. Fibrosing dermatitis
Teaching methods
-Microscopic evaluation of punch biopsies of lesional skin
Teaching Resources
-Basic principles of normal skin and pattern analysis in veterinary pathology provided with .pdf files given at the beginning of the course.
-Microscopical samples of selected skin diseases analyzed at the microscope
Haemathology and Clinical Biochemistry
Course syllabus
-General principles of data interpretation and report writing
- Identification and reporting of the main hematological changes (anemia, leukocytosis, leucopenia, thrombocytosis, thrombocytopenia,
leukemia) and of biochemical changes associated to organ damage or dysfunction (e.g. kidney, liver, pancreas, intestine, endocrine)
Teaching methods
-Case-based discussion of biochemical and hematological data
Teaching Resources
- pdf files given at the beginning of the course.
- Biochemical and hematological data provided to each student
Veterinary histopathology
Course syllabus
-Methods of surgical samples submission for histological examination (how to sample large lesions, fixation methods, surgical margins)
-Histological examination of surgical margins: when it is required, how it is performed
-Histological examination of surgical biopsies: when a biopsy is diagnostic.
-Immunohistochemistry: supporting morphological diagnosis
-Commonest neoplasia in routine diagnostic pathology of small animals
Teaching methods
-Microscopic evaluation of histology samples
Teaching Resources
-The course is practical, with direct participation of students in the laboratory activities. In any case, summary files in .pdf and scientific articles of particular interest will be provided directly by the teacher.
Slides to be evaluated independently by the student under the microscope.
Clinical Rotation
VET/03 - VETERINARY PATHOLOGY - University credits: 0
VET/08 - VETERINARY CLINICAL MEDICINE - University credits: 0
VET/09 - VETERINARY CLINICAL SURGERY - University credits: 0
Practicals: 64 hours
VET/03 - VETERINARY PATHOLOGY - University credits: 1
Practicals: 16 hours
Professor: Roccabianca Paola
Diagnostic cytology
VET/03 - VETERINARY PATHOLOGY - University credits: 1
Practicals: 16 hours
Professor: Caniatti Mario
Haemathology and Clinical Biochemistry
VET/03 - VETERINARY PATHOLOGY - University credits: 1
Practicals: 16 hours
Veterinary histopathology
VET/03 - VETERINARY PATHOLOGY - University credits: 1
Practicals: 16 hours
Professor: Giudice Chiara
Educational website(s)
Mon-Fry. Appointment needed (
Reparto di Anatomia Patologica Veterinaria - Ospedale Veterinario Universitario, Edificio 9 - Via dell'Università 6 - 26900 Lodi
from Monday to Friday, on request
By appointment by mail
10 a.m. - 11,30 am. Every Wednesday
Ufficio-Settore didattico Palazzina Studi, I°piano, Lodi (Dipartimento di Medicina Veterinaria)
e.mail appointment