Traning theory and methodology

A.Y. 2021/2022
Overall hours
Learning objectives
To improve the academic and practical knowledge of the sport training.
How to develop the sport performance.
Expected learning outcomes
Student will be asked to have knowledge on the fundamentals of the training principles in the different age-groups
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
First semester
Course syllabus
The curriculum is essentially composed of two macro areas: one dedicated to the Strength area and the other one to the Endurance area.


References to muscle physiology
Dependent variables for maximal strength
Independent variables for training
Explosive strength: Power and RFD
Strength assessment
Supercompensation (acute/chronic), functional and nonfunctional overtraining
Overtraining quantification
Strength supercompensation
Eccentric vs. concentric adaptations
How to train maximal strength
How to train explosive strength
How to train hypertrophy
How to train fitness
Background: what to ask
Examples of basic programming + level advancement
Main training methodologies
Understanding of a sport-specific performance model
Strength periodization and sport
Strength for individual sports
Strength for endurance sports
Strength for team sports
Strength for injury prevention

Endurance Module: Endurance
To set up the basic knowledge for the development of the endurance
Physiological demands of endurance training
· Ventilatory function
· Circolatory function
· Metabolic function
· Neuromuscular function
· Thermoregolatory function
Determinant factors of endurance performance
· Maximal oxygen uptake
· Fractional utilization of the maximal oxygen uptake
· Economy
Cardiovascular adaptations to endurance performance
Adattamenti e risposte cardiovascolari all'esercizio aerobico
· lungs
· heart
· vascular system
Metabolic adaptations to endurance performance
· lipidic vs glucidic contribution
Musculoskeletal adaptations to endurance performance
· Central nervous system
· Muscle
Endurance training in extreme environments
Physiological adaptations during endurance training in hypo and hyperthermia
Quantification of endurance training
Quantification of the exercise intensity and internal load during endurance training
· Questionnaires and diaries
· Maximal oxygen uptake
· Blood lactate
· Direct observations
· Heart rate
· Rate of perceived exertion
Endurance training periodization
Setting and managing endurance training programs
Endurance training methods
· Manipulation of the different parameters
Detraining e Overtraining
Aerobic exercise and wellness
· Energy expenditure
· Physical activity
· OMS and ACSM positional stands
· Effects of aerobic training on the quality of life and life expectancy
· Pros and cons of different machines for aerobic training
Prerequisites for admission
No previous knowledge required.
Teaching methods
Lectures will be held in the dedicated rooms unless specific changes as required by the University's regulations
Teaching Resources
The reference material mentioned during the lectures will be uploaded on the Ariel platform.
Assessment methods and Criteria
Oral exam.
M-EDF/02 - SPORT SCIENCES AND METHODOLOGY - University credits: 9
Lessons: 63 hours
To be agreed via email.
Via Giuseppe Colombo 71, Edificio 2, Piano terra, Milano
Appointment by email
Appointment by email