Foundations of inorganic and organic chemistry

A.Y. 2018/2019
Overall hours
Learning objectives
The academic content of the course will be centered on basic general and organic chemistry, with particular focus on topics of relevance within the academic field of environmental science. This includes principles and applications of chemistry including periodic system, naming, phase, bonding, reaction, acidity and basicity, redox, equilibrium, chemical laws; the basic concepts of Kinetics and Thermodynamics, and how to understand the difference and inter-relationship between the two when applied to chemical reactions or materials transformations. Further, the course introduces the student to the basics of organic structures, their reactivity and reaction mechanisms, with special emphasis on those of environmental interest. The seminars and lab sessions will provide a brief introduction to laboratory methods in chemistry with the aim at introducing students to laboratory techniques and encouraging analytical thinking. Experimental procedures will include titrations, pH, conductivity and redox measurements as well as basics of separation, purification and analysis of organic substances.
Expected learning outcomes
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
First semester
Foundations of inorganic chemistry
Course syllabus
e Teaching Unit 1 of the course offers a strict introduction to the basic, theoretical and experimental principles of general chemistry, with clear links to the environmental sciences. We intend to present the concepts of chemistry in a logical order that fosters their understanding by the student, starting from the properties of atoms and molecules, then exploring thermodynamics and equilibrium, to make a brief discussion of kinetics. As learning outcomes, the following understanding are expected: i) the atomic model, chemical bonds and properties of matter; ii) aspects related to thermodynamics and chemical equilibrium; iii) the theory of acids and bases, and equilibria in solution; iv) electrochemical notions; v) the principles of chemical kinetics. Particular attention will be paid to the description of the chemical elements and to the periodic properties with the aim of favoring the understanding and the role of chemistry in the real world.
The main contents of the Didactic Unit 1 can be summarized as follows:
· Definitions of matter and brief overview of nomenclature.
· Atomic models, periodic table and periodic properties.
· The chemical bond: ionic, covalent and exceptions to the octet rule. The metallic bond.
· Liquid, solid and gaseous states. Phase transitions and phase diagrams.
· Chemical thermodynamics: enthalpy, entropy, Gibbs free energy; first, second and third principles of thermodynamics.
· Chemical equilibrium: equilibrium reactions, equilibrium constants, equilibrium response to physico-chemical changes.
· Acids and bases: definitions of Arrhenius, Broensted, Lewis; acid-base equilibria; pH scale.
· Equilibrium in aqueous solution. Mixed solutions and buffer; titrations; solubility equilibria.
· Overview of electrochemistry.
· Chemical kinetics: reaction rate; concentration and time; reaction mechanisms; catalysis.
Foundations of organic chemistry
Course syllabus
Representation of the structural formula of organic molecules and their reactions in organic chemistry. Alkanes and cycloalkanes. Stereochemistry. Alkenes and alkynes. Alkyl halides. Alcohols. Ethers, epoxides and thiols. Carbonyl compounds (aldehydes and ketones). Carbohydrates. Carboxylic acids and their derivatives. Aromatic compounds. Amines. Heterocyclic compounds. Outlines of instrumental techniques for the study of organic molecules. Cases of environmental interest.
Foundations of inorganic chemistry
Practicals: 16 hours
Lessons: 32 hours
turno 1
Professor: Marzorati Stefania
turno 2
Professor: Marzorati Stefania
Foundations of organic chemistry
CHIM/06 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY - University credits: 4
Practicals: 16 hours
Lessons: 24 hours