Rural buildings and forest territory

A.Y. 2019/2020
Overall hours
Learning objectives
The objectives are:
- acquire the elements to design the rural structures in mountain areas, with reference to buildings for livestock breeding.
- know the criteria for defining the functional spaces for the animals and for the performance of the connected operations, the survey methods of the territory and the inclusion of rural buildings in a specific context.
Expected learning outcomes
The expected results are to know:
- assessing the functional requirements and methods of use of livestock buildings in the mountain area.
- use cartographic tools to evaluate the inclusion of rural buildings in the mountain territory and for territorial planning.
- interpret remotely sensed maps and treat spatial data with modern geomatic methods for agro-forest planning
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
First semester
Course syllabus
Rural buildings:
General criteria for the design of production buildings. Functional aspects of structures for livestock breeding. Design criteria for livestock buildings in relation to animal needs, territorial and environmental impact. Relationship between rural buildings and the territory. The problems related to the environmental impact of agricultural activities. Control of environmental parameters in livestock buildings. The minimum requirements to guarantee the welfare conditions of the animals. Design of environmental control systems within agricultural buildings (humidity, temperature, gas). Design criteria for emission reduction. Functional and distributive requirements of housing facilities. Buildings for the breeding of sheeps, goats and cattle. Main breeds bred in the Alpine and Apennine Italian context, deepening the connections between the farming systems and the breeding structures with the production cycle and the environmental needs of the animals. Service structures present on farms. Food deposits and tool stores. Existing types, sizing and operation of the milking parlor; storage facilities and technologies for treating livestock effluents for their correct agronomic use in compliance with the regulations.

Cartography and land use planning:
Statistical survey of the agro-forestry territory starting from the Istat and Arpa databases. Cadastre, Aims, characteristics and phases. Land and buildings cadastre. The cadastral maps. Analysis of digital information systems of the cadastre at regional level. Application examples on traditional (paper) and innovative (digital) media. The analysis of the territory through the cartographic tool. Cartography elements: the reference geodetic systems; Cartographic projections; Topographic maps and thematic maps; The official Italian cartography IGMI; Exercises Reading and use of maps: Examination of IGMI cartography and regional cartography; The reading of the isoipse and the realization of an altimetric profile; Creation of a slope map. Features and potential of GIS software. The regional cartographic portals, analysis and elaboration of the available cartography: CTR, Ortophotos, DTM, Protected Areas, Hydrogeological Structure Plan, DUSAF, Land Capability. Application examples of some regions and normative references. The territorial analysis through the indirect statistical survey. The use of GPS in surveying the territory and integration with GIS software. Territorial analysis through indirect investigation. Physical investigation: chorography, meteorology, climatology; The historical evolution of the territory; Analysis of the agricultural-forestry system. Territorial planning tools at different levels of detail. Regional Territorial Plan, Provincial Territorial Coordination Plan, Territory Governance Plan. Regional laws on territorial governance. Realization of a report on a framework of the territory.
Prerequisites for admission
Mathematics, Physics
Teaching methods
frontal lessons, classroom exercises and field trip
Teaching Resources
Rural buildings:
1. Notes from the lessons ( - Rural constructions and agroforestry territory) 2. CRPA - Ricoveri, attrezzature e impianti per l'allevamento dei suini - Edizioni L'informatore Agrario 3. CRPA - Strutture, attrezzature e impianti per vacche da latte - Edizioni L'informatore Agrario 4. Articles suggested during the course and shown on the website - Rural buildings and agroforestry territory

Cartography and land use planning:
Handouts distributed during the course. lesson on the land register: Corso di Estimo - Stefano Amicabile - Ed. Hoepli
Assessment methods and Criteria
The final exam is divided in two parts. In the first test there are exercises (duration of 2.5 hours). The second test consist of a report to be carried out independently relating to a territorial framework.
The first test consists of 7 exercises, the first 5 relating to the rural construction module, the last 2 relating to the agroforestry territory module. 1 °. Sizing of dairy cattle barn (9/30); 2nd. Thermal balance of a rural building (9/30); 3rd. Dimension the milking parlor (2/30); 4th. Dimensioning livestock manure storage structures (2/30); 5th. nitrate directive (2/30); 6th. Draw an elevation profile (3/30); 7th. Coordinate determination on IGM cartography (3/30).
The elaborate consists in the drafting of a territorial framework that the student will carry out independently. The paper must contain a "Cartographic" Section, a "Meteorological" Section and a "Agricultural Territory Statistical Data", that must be delivered on the day of the first test, in pdf format.
The exam will be considered passed with a score equal to or greater than 18/30, in both tests. If the student does not pass one of the two tests, he will have to repeat only the one in which he has not reached the sufficiency.
The exams will take place at Edolo, if the enrolled students will be at least 5; otherwise, they will take place at the headquarters of the Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences, via Celoria 2, Milan.
DSA students: have to communicate their situation to the Disabled and DSA Service of UniMI ( The referent of the Degree Course in the Faculty is Prof. Raffaella Zanchi ( In addition, students with DSA certification are required to promptly notify the Professor to agree on the exam procedures.
Cartography and land use planning
Practicals: 16 hours
Lessons: 24 hours
Professor: Finzi Alberto
Rural buildings
Lessons: 32 hours
Professor: Riva Elisabetta