Biology

A.Y. 2020/2021
12
Max ECTS
104
Overall hours
SSD
BIO/03 BIO/05
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
AGRICULTURAL BOTANY
The course aims at improving the knowledge on plant organisms, from prokaryotic cyanobacteria to angiosperms, with emphasis on spermatophyte families and species of agronomic, food and medicinal relevance. Furthermore, the course deals with basic zoology, focusing on the body plain (bauplan) of the more relevant Phyla.
ANIMAL BIOLOGY
The aim of the course is to give the student the basis of animal life organization at the level of molecules, cells, tissues and organisms. Correlation between structures and functions. Environment adaptation: nutrients and energy cycles, homeostasis.
Principal concepts of developmental biology and environmental related evolutionary developmental biology.
Information will be given about the morpho-functional aspects of the most important phyla in the animal kingdom, with emphasis about phyla of agriculture interest as Anellida, Mollusca, Arthropoda and Chordata (Vertebrates), in addition elements about the small phyla will be furnished, to have a comprehensive picture of the matter, with focus on different basic structure of animal organisms. The student will gain a comprehensive vision of Zoological disciplines, in the framework of the evolutionary theory , together the basic ideas about the different schools concerning the classification of the animal kingdom. A special attention will be given to the ecosystem approach, in the framework of the development of a sustainable agriculture. A relevant objective of the lessons will be to furnish materials for a correct management of agriculture systems, concerning production and protection, with this purpose the basic knowledge about the relations between animals and the other living creatures will be furnished (symbiosis, competition, parasitism, predation).
Expected learning outcomes
AGRICULTURAL BOTANY
Basic knowledge on plant and animal biology needed for the next studies in the field of agricultural sciences.
ANIMAL BIOLOGY
Principles of animal biology and embryology, the theory and practice of animal classification and identification.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Responsible
Lesson period
First semester
Agricultural Botany: Lectures: will be held on the Microsoft Teams (MT) platform and can be followed both in real time, based on the timetable of the first semester, and as a recording of the lesson held via MT, available to students on the same platform.
The program and reference material remains unchanged. The exam format may change in the event that the regulations relating to the current health emergency final oral exam on the Microsoft Teams platform.
The calendar of all lessons, the lesson recordings and the Power Point files for each lecture will be uploaded to Ariel and will remain available for the entire academic year, until the exam sessions of January-February 2022. All communications will be given via the bulletin board on Ariel.
Animal Biology:
DAD in Teams, the lessons will be recorded and made available together with support material on the server 159.149.160.72 usr pwd anonymous01 as well as at the specific request of the students on Ariel.
Course syllabus
Programme of Didactic Unit 1: Agricultural Botany: carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids. Structure and functions of biomacromolecules. Cytology. Prokaryotic end eukaryotic cells. Animal and plant cells. plant cell structures: cell wall, vacuole and plastids. DNA replication and gene transcription. mRNA translation and protein biosynthesis. Cell cycle, mitosis and meiosis.Plant biochemistry. Photosynthesis and respiration. Plant histology and anatomy. Plant tissues. Meristematic tissues. Dermal tissue system: epidermis and periderm. Ground tissue system: parenchyma tissue, collenchyma tissue and sclerenchyma tissue. Vascular tissue system: xylem tissue and phloem tissue. The plant body. Primary growth. Structure and organization of stem. Structure and organization of root. Structure and organization of leaf. Secondary growth. Structure of woody stems. Flower anatomy and reproduction. Seed morphology and germination. Systematic botany. General characteristics and main taxa of Cyanobacteria. General characteristics and main taxa of Algae. General characteristics and main taxa of Bryophyta. General characteristics and main taxa of Pteridophyta. Spermatophytes. General characteristics and main taxa of Gymnosperms. General characteristics and main families of flowering plants. Angiosperms. Monocotyledons and Dicotyledons.
Programme of Didactic Unit 2: Animal Biology:The aim of the course is to give the student the basis of animal life organization at the level of molecules, cells, tissues and organisms. Correlation between structures and functions. Environment adaptation: nutrients and energy cycles, homeostasis. Principal concepts of developmental biology and environmental related evolutionary developmental biology. Information will be given about the morpho-functional aspects of the most important phyla in the animal kingdom, with emphasis about phyla of agriculture interest as Nematoda, Anellida, Mollusca, Arthropoda and Chordata Vertebrates, in addition elements about the small phyla will be furnished, to have a comprehensive picture of the matter, with focus on different basic structure of animal organisms. The student will gain a comprehensive vision of Zoological disciplines, in the framework of the evolutionary theory , together the basic ideas about the different schools concerning the classification of the animal kingdom. A special attention will be given to the ecosystem approach, in the framework of the development of a sustainable agriculture. A relevant objective of the lessons will be to furnish materials for a correct management of agriculture systems, concerning production and protection, with this purpose the basic knowledge about the relations between animals and the other living creatures will be furnished (symbiosis, competition, parasitism, predation).
Prerequisites for admission
Agricultural Botany:
No preparation requirement
Animal Biology:The knowledge to deal with the animal biology course includes the principles of organic and inorganic chemistry and physics.
Teaching methods
Agricultural Botany:
Lectures
Animal Biology:
Lectures
Teaching Resources
Pasqua G. et al., 2008 - Botanica Generale e diversità vegetale. Piccin ed.; Calzoni G.L. Speranza A., 1996 Struttura della piante in immagini. Guida all'anatomia microscopica delle piante vascolari - Zanichelli Longo C., Biologia vegetale Vol. 1 Forme e funzioni - Utet
Anilam Biology:Biologia. E. P. Solomon, C. E. Martin, D. W. Martin, L. R. Berg. EDISES
Eserciziario di Biologia Animale Audisio, De Biase, Nicoletti, Scarì EDISES
Biologia S.L. Wolfe - P.J. Russell - P.E. Hertz - C. Starr - B. McMillan EDISES
e dei papers sul server 159.149.160.72 a cui lo studente potrà accedere con una password fornita durante il corso (ora anonymous01)
Biologia. E. P. Solomon, C. E. Martin, D. W. Martin, L. R. Berg. EDISES
Eserciziario di Biologia Animale Audisio, De Biase, Nicoletti, Scarì EDISES
Biologia S.L. Wolfe - P.J. Russell - P.E. Hertz - C. Starr - B. McMillan EDISES
and papers on server 159.149.160.72 which the student can access with a password provided during the course (anonymous01)
Assessment methods and Criteria
Agricultural Botany:
The exam will include a written test in attendance at the end of the course. The written test will include several questions: verification of knowledge learning; verification of comprehension and ability to synthesize + a broad open-ended question on a topic of the program (verification of ability to set out a detailed discussion on a scientific theme). The evaluation will be graded out of thirty and the grade will be communicated through the Ariel website. There will be only one exam format, to be undertaken by both attending and non-attending students.
Animal Biology:
the assessment criterion is based on the verification of knowledge acquired through a oral task including open-ended questions in order to give the possibility to describe animal development apparatus or models
Agricultural Botany
BIO/03 - ENVIRONMENTAL AND APPLIED BOTANY - University credits: 0
BIO/05 - ZOOLOGY - University credits: 0
Lessons: 64 hours
Professors: Brambilla Vittoria Francesca, Spada Alberto
Animal Biology
BIO/03 - ENVIRONMENTAL AND APPLIED BOTANY - University credits: 0
BIO/05 - ZOOLOGY - University credits: 0
Laboratories: 16 hours
Lessons: 24 hours
Professor: Scari' Giorgio
Professor(s)
Reception:
Appointment needed
Dept of Bioscience