Precision livestock feeding

A.Y. 2020/2021
6
Max ECTS
72
Overall hours
SSD
AGR/18
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The course of Precision Feeding aims to consolidate and deepen the knowledge of animal nutrition and feeding and develop a critical understanding of feeding systems and techniques and related problems, with a view to combining the productive aspects with those of animal health and wellness, of food safety and of environmental impact.
Expected learning outcomes
With this teaching, thanks also to a support provided by a conspicuous number of practical exercises, the student will acquire the ability to analyze and understand the problems connected to nutrition and animal feeding to be able to face and solve them. Ultimately, it will be able to formulate diets and complementary feeds for animals with professional competence.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Responsible
Lesson period
First semester
The lectures will be held synchronously using the Microsoft Teams platform according to the course timetable.
The exercises will be carried out in part synchronously using the Microsoft Teams platform, partly in presence in the classroom or in the didactic laboratory appropriately equipped for the Covid emergency. In this regard, students will be appropriately informed through notices on the Ariel website.
Technical visits to farms will be carried out only if the conditions of the health emergency allow it.

The program and the reference material of the lectures will not change.
The supporting didactic material will be made available through the Ariel platform.

The exam will take place orally using the Microsoft Teams or Skype platform if the Covid-19 emergency does not allow it to be held in person.
Course syllabus
U.D. 1 - Precision feeding of ruminants (4 CFU):
- Methodological and practical aspects of feed evaluation related to the modern diet evaluation systems for ruminants. In particular, different methods (physical, mechanical, chemical, in vitro and in vivo) used to accurately characterise the nutritional profile of the diet will be studied.
-Study of the nutritional requirements of animals according to the characteristics of their productions and the homeorhetic aspects of their production cycle. In particular, the aspects related to feed intake, energy, protein and amino acid, mineral and vitamin requirements of dairy cow and goat, and beef cattle in the different stages of their growth will be evaluated.
- Diet evaluation and ration formulation for cattle and goats, using dedicated software.
- Study of some indicators for the evaluation of the nutritional status of animals. In particular, some milk, urine and blood parameters will be considered for this purpose.
- Elements of nutrigenomics.
Training and other activities
- Chemical, physical and biological evaluations of feeds and diets.
- Diet formulation with electronic spreadsheet and dedicated software for cattle and goats.
- Technical visit to livestock farms.

U.D. 2 - Precision feeding of monogastrics (2 CFU):
Frontal lessons
- Methodological and practical aspects in the evaluation of animal feed in application to modern evaluation systems of diets for monogastric animals.
- Study of the nutritional requirements of animals according to the characteristics of their production.
- Diet evaluation systems and ration formulation for the most important monogastric species of zootechnical interest through the use of dedicated IT tools, with a view to precision feeding.
- Study of nutritional needs in relation to the specific genetic type of the animals in production.
- Study of indicators for the evaluation of the nutritional status of animals.
Training and other activities
- Chemical, physical and biological evaluations of feed and diets.
- Formulation of diets with electronic spreadsheet and dedicated software.
- Technical visit to livestock farms.
Prerequisites for admission
Basic knowledge of animal nutrition and feeding is required.
Teaching methods
The teachers will use lectures, classroom exercises, laboratory classes and technical visits to farms.
Teaching Resources
Manuale di Nutrizione dei Ruminanti da Latte. Autori vari. Coordinamento e revisione a cura di Rochi B., Savoini G., Trabalza Marinucci M.. Ed. EdiSES Università (2020).
Nutrizione e alimentazione degli animali in produzione zootecnica - Bovini, suini e polli. Antongiovanni M., Mele M., Buccioni A., Edagricole-New Business Media (2019).
Prontuario degli alimenti per il suino. Daniele Cevolani, Edagricole-New Business Media.
Teaching material published on the teaching site on ARIEL platform.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The exam will be an oral test with the aim of verifying the knowledge acquired and the ability to apply this knowledge. The test will be carried out simultaneously for the two teaching units.
Alimentazione di precisione dei monogastrici
AGR/18 - ANIMAL NUTRITION AND FEEDING - University credits: 2
Field activity: 8 hours
Practicals: 8 hours
Lessons: 8 hours
Professor: Galassi Gianluca
Alimentazione di precisione dei ruminanti
AGR/18 - ANIMAL NUTRITION AND FEEDING - University credits: 4
Field activity: 8 hours
Practicals: 16 hours
Laboratories: 8 hours
Lessons: 16 hours
Professor: Rapetti Luca
Educational website(s)
Professor(s)
Reception:
By appointment
Reception:
Tuesday 14.30 -16.30
Office