Agronomy, Crop Science, Rural Buildings and Economics

A.Y. 2019/2020
9
Max ECTS
72
Overall hours
SSD
AGR/01 AGR/02 AGR/10
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The course aims to provide the student with the basic notions of agro-zoo technical productions from agronomy, to the characteristics of the animal housing and the basics of the agricultural economics Goals to achieve: 1) Knowledge and understanding: the student is required to demonstrate knowledge of agronomy, of animal housing for the different species of livestock in accordance with the requirements of production and animal welfare and of the characteristics of agricultural markets and behaviour of farmer. 2) Ability to apply knowledge and understanding: the student must be able to apply the theoretical knowledge acquired in the 3 modules 3) Autonomy of judgment: the student must learn critically and proactively both the information provided by the teacher and those derived from the recommended textbook 4) Communication skills: the student should be able to explain the concepts acquired with appropriate and updated terminology that should be consistent with the terminology used in other disciplines, during the lectures, the practical lessons and the practical test.

Organization
Expected learning outcomes
Students will be able to:
- identify the fundamental principles underpinning modern and sustainable management of fodder production.
- Gain a better evaluating of optimal fodder production in combination with optimum animal  nutrition management.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Responsible
Lesson period
Second semester
Prerequisites for admission
No specific prerequisites required.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The examination takes place in a single trial comprising all modules; for each module, the test consists of multiple choice questions (4 answers) aimed to verify knowledge and understanding of the student and his ability to apply knowledge and understanding; the student has the possibility of choosing only one correct answer.
Agronomy
Course syllabus
Introduction to the course: forage production aimed at animal nutrition (2 h);
Territory, agricultural land and vegetable production. Land use and land use change (2 h);
Agroecosystems and ecosystems. Concept of ecosystem services (2 h);
Pedological environment overview: chemical-physical characteristics of the agricultural land; organic matter and soil biological properties; concept of field capacity in the soil water system; Concept of agronomic soil fertility; Nitrates Directive (4 h);
Plant production and the factors that determine it (2 h);
grazing land, meadow pasture, meadow grass. (2 h);
Main fodder and quality aspects (2 h);
Zea Mais (2 h);
Medicago sativa (2 h);
Lolium multiflorum (1 h);
Soybean (1 h).
Forage conservation techniques: haymaking, ensilage, dehydration (2 h).
Teaching methods
Traditional Lectures
Teaching Resources
Bonciarelli F. e U., Agronomia Edagricole
Giardini L., Agronomia generale: ambientale e aziendale. 5. ed..Bologna.: Patron
Animal Husbandry
Course syllabus
Animal Welfare (5 h):
· The needs of animals in terms of indoor environmental quality (temperature, relative humidity,air speed).
· Environmental changes induced by the presence of animals and facilities for maintenance welfare conditions (insulation, ventilation, air treatment).
· The calculation of the coefficient of heat transmission, the realization of the insulation. The materials, thermal bridges, the vapor barrier, the effect of the thermal inertia.
· The determination of the volume of ventilation in summer and winter, the verification of the thermal balance of a building.
· The cooling and heating of a building, possible solutions, the costs.
· The lighting of buildings, its effects on animals.

· Cattle (5 h):
· Buildings for cattle in the stalls and free stalls for dairy cows. the needs environmental, distributional patterns and construction, prefabrication, the working time.
· The milking parlor, the different solutions, mechanization, the milk and salt and local service. Iareas for the periparturient.
· Patterns and structural design of stables for cattle rearing the young, for calves and beef cattle.

· Piggeries (4 h):
· Buildings for pigs. The different organizational settings: a closed cycle, open cycle, "the isowean".
· Buildings for industry birth, weaning, for gestation (hold heat, first and second phase). The evolution of types in recent years with the development of technologies breeding.
· The piggeries in the phase of growth and fattening, the floor cracked, its not, the solutions emptying and implications for animal welfare and the quality of indoor air.


· Kennels (2 h):
· Regulation and structural design

· Horses (4 h):
· Different typologies of stables.


· Precision Livestock Farming (2 h):
· The principles of PLF
· Applications

· Environmental Impact (2 h):
· The environmental impact of livestock-induced water, soil and air
Teaching methods
Traditional Lectures
Teaching Resources
Scientific papers and other supporting documents will be indicated and suggested during the course
Principles of Economics
Course syllabus
Part I: INTRODUCTION
1. Ten Principles of Economics
2. Thinking Like an Economist
Part II: SUPPLY AND DEMAND I: HOW MARKETS WORK
3. The Market Forces of Supply and Demand
4. Elasticity and Its Application.
Part III: FIRM BEHAVIOR AND THE ORGANIZATION OF INDUSTRY
The Costs of Production
Firms in Competitive Markets
Part IV: TOPICS FOR FURTHER STUDY
The Theory of Consumer Choice
Teaching methods
Traditional Lectures
Teaching Resources
N. G. Mankiw & M. P. Taylor, Principi di Microeconomia, Zanichelli editori S.p.a., Bologna.
Materiale didattico fornito durante il corso ad integrazione & consultabile sul portale didattico ARIEL dedicato al corso dagli studenti iscritti - http://edemartinie.ariel.ctu.unimi.it
Agronomy
AGR/02 - AGRONOMY AND FIELD CROPS - University credits: 3
Lessons: 24 hours
Animal Husbandry
AGR/10 - RURAL BUILDINGS AND AGRO - FOREST LAND PLANNING - University credits: 3
Lessons: 24 hours
Professor: Guarino Marcella
Principles of Economics
AGR/01 - AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS AND RURAL APPRAISAL - University credits: 3
Lessons: 24 hours
Professor: Demartini Eugenio