Pathogenesis and diagnostics

A.Y. 2020/2021
6
Max ECTS
90
Overall hours
SSD
BIO/12 MED/04 MED/07 MED/36
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
To know the structure of the main pathogenic microorganisms for humans
To know the physiological defense mechanisms of the organism
To know the relationship between pathogenic and host microorganisms in human infections
To know the methods and use of radiation
To know the methods of laboratory diagnostics
To know the laboratory tests and the imaging diagnostic tests typical of pathological pictures
To know the reference parameters of laboratory diagnostics and diagnostic imaging
To know the current radiation protection standards
To know the causes, the pathogenetic and pathophysiological mechanisms of diseases
To describe the main cellular changes during illness
To know the inflammatory and healing processes
Expected learning outcomes
The student will describe the EU radiation protection standards.
It will link pathogenic microorganisms with the physiological defense mechanisms in human infections.
It will recognize signs and symptoms of inflammatory diseases.
It will identify the causes and physiopathogenetic mechanisms underlying the diseases
The student will illustrate the specific diagnostic investigations for the different pathological conditions.
It will interpret the results of diagnostic investigations in relation to the reference parameters.
Course syllabus and organization

Sezione: Busto Arsizio

Teaching methods
The lessons will be held in-class and/or remotely through the online platforms provided by the University. The distance lessons will be held in synchronous (through Microsoft Teams platform) and/or asynchronous mode (through Power point with audio, video recording lessons, audio recording lessons, other).
Program and Bibliography
The program and the Bibliography will not be changed and remains as under-reported
Assessment methods and criteria
The exams will be carried out in-class and/or remotely . Oral exams will be carried out remotely using the Microsoft Teams platform or other online platforms provided by the University. The distance written exams will be carried out using the Exam.net platform or other platforms provided by the University according to the modalities illustrated on the web site http://www. unimi.it
Prerequisites for admission
There are no specific prerequisites other than those required for admission to the degree course.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The written test includes closed and / or open-ended questions.
Clinical biochemistry and molecular biology
Course syllabus
Clinical biochemistry: introductions, purposes and definitions
Laboratory tests
Blood and urine sample
Other types of biological sample
Concept of total variability; biological variability and influencing factors
Patient preparation
Pre-analytical variability: sampling, storage, transport and delivery
Acceptance criteria for biological sample
Analytical variability
Types of errors. Reliability of dosage method
Quality checks
Post-analytical variability: reporting
Reference values
Analytical goals and critical difference
Logic diagnostic: clinical sensitivity and specificity, predictive values
Deepening of some topics chosen by the teacher (the role of the laboratory in situations like heart attack, diabetes, liver disease, dyslipidemia )
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Allan Gaw, Michael J. Murphy et al. Biochimica clinica. (3ed). Milano: Elsevier MASSON 2007
Eudes Lanciotti. Elementi di microbiologia clinica. Milano: Casa editrice Ambrosiana, 2017
Federici G. Medicina di laboratorio. Milano: McGraw Hill, 2014
Experimental medicine and pathophysiology
Course syllabus
Introduction of epigenetica
Disease concept: aetiology and pathogenesis
Cell pathology (necrosis and apoptosis)
Storage Disease (steatosis and amyloidosis)
Humoral and cellular immunology and immunopathology
Acute inflammation (margining and chemotaxis, phagocytosis, mediators of inflammation, systemic reactions)
Chronic inflammation
Wound healing
Pathogenetic and physiopathological causes and mechanisms of diseases: Diabetes, Anemias and red blood cell pathology, Pathology of blood coagulation
Atherosclerosis
Benign and malignant tumors, oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes, metastasis
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Pontieri GM. Elementi di Patologia generale e fisiopatologia generale. Per i corsi di laurea in professioni sanitarie. (4ed). Milano: Piccin, 2018
Microbiology and clinical microbiology
Course syllabus
The main differences of the cells of prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms about the structure, organization and methods of reproduction. Differences between microorganisms and viruses
Horizontal and vertical transmission of microorganism, viruses, and the importance of vehicles and carriers - main pathogenicity and virulence characteristics of microorganisms
Host-pathogen interaction: colonization, symbiosis, commensalism, infection and disease - factors facilitating microbial invasion
Sterilization and disinfection procedures - mechanism of action of disinfectants and main applications
Criteria for the collection and transport of biological samples for microbiological diagnosis in the laboratory - direct and indirect diagnosis of infection
Main direct and indirect microbiological investigations - diagnostic investigations in relation to the infection phase (recent, regressed and chronic infection) and to the therapeutic orientation (sensitivity tests for antimicrobial drugs)
Ultrastructure and functions of the different components of the bacterial cell, chemical composition and structure of the cell wall of Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria, reproduction.
Mechanism of action of antibacterial inhibitor drugs of cell wall synthesis, cytoplasmic membrane functions, protein and nucleic acid synthesis and microbial drug-resistance mechanisms
Morphology, ultrastructure and function of the components of the fungal cell, sexual and asexual reproduction - main antifungal drugs, mechanism of action and possible development of resistance
Morphology, relationship between structures and functions, and mode of reproduction of protozoa
Origin, organization and methods of replication of animal viruses - persistent, slow, latent viral infection - main antiviral drugs and mechanisms of action
Resident microbiota of the human body and composition in the various apparatuses
Characteristics of: Staphylococcus aureus, coagulase-negative staphylococci, Streptococcus spp, pathogenic Neisseria, Enterobacteria, sporigenic bacilli, Mycobacterium
Morphological, cultural and pathogenic characteristics of the main fungal agents with particular reference to Candida, Cryptococcus and Aspergillus
Notes on the main protozoa of human interest
The main agents of viral infections (Herpesviridae, Orthomyxoviridae, Paramyxoviridae, Picornaviridae retroviridae and hepatic viruses)
Nosocomial infections: definition, risk factors and main pathogens
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Eudes Lanciotti. Elementi di microbiologia clinica. Milano: Casa editrice Ambrosiana, 2017
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
Course syllabus
Basics of physics, principles of radiobiology
Radiation protection for operators
Diagnostic radiology: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Nuclear medicine: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Radiotherapy: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Cittadini, Cittadini, Sardanelli. Diagnostica per immagini e radioterapia. Milano: EDRA 2015
Clinical biochemistry and molecular biology
BIO/12 - CLINICAL BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY - University credits: 1
E-learning: 15 hours
Professor: Braga Federica
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
MED/36 - IMAGING AND RADIOTHERAPY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 15 hours
Experimental medicine and pathophysiology
MED/04 - EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE AND PATHOPHYSIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 30 hours
Professor: Baroli Alberto
Microbiology and clinical microbiology
MED/07 - MICROBIOLOGY AND CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 30 hours

Sezione: Cernusco

Teaching methods
The lessons will be held in-class and/or remotely through the online platforms provided by the University. The distance lessons will be held in synchronous (through Microsoft Teams platform) and/or asynchronous mode (through Power point with audio, video recording lessons, audio recording lessons, other).
Program and Bibliography
The program and the Bibliography will not be changed and remains as under-reported
Assessment methods and criteria
The exams will be carried out in-class and/or remotely . Oral exams will be carried out remotely using the Microsoft Teams platform or other online platforms provided by the University. The distance written exams will be carried out using the Exam.net platform or other platforms provided by the University according to the modalities illustrated on the web site http://www. unimi.it
Prerequisites for admission
There are no specific prerequisites other than those required for admission to the degree course.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The written test includes closed and / or open-ended questions.
Clinical biochemistry and molecular biology
Course syllabus
Clinical biochemistry: introductions, purposes and definitions
Laboratory tests
Blood and urine sample
Other types of biological sample
Concept of total variability; biological variability and influencing factors
Patient preparation
Pre-analytical variability: sampling, storage, transport and delivery
Acceptance criteria for biological sample
Analytical variability
Types of errors. Reliability of dosage method
Quality checks
Post-analytical variability: reporting
Reference values
Analytical goals and critical difference
Logic diagnostic: clinical sensitivity and specificity, predictive values
Deepening of some topics chosen by the teacher (the role of the laboratory in situations like heart attack, diabetes, liver disease, dyslipidemia )
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Allan Gaw, Michael J. Murphy et al. Biochimica clinica. (3ed). Milano: Elsevier MASSON 2007
Eudes Lanciotti. Elementi di microbiologia clinica. Milano: Casa editrice Ambrosiana, 2017
Federici G. Medicina di laboratorio. Milano: McGraw Hill, 2014
Experimental medicine and pathophysiology
Course syllabus
Introduction of epigenetica
Disease concept: aetiology and pathogenesis
Cell pathology (necrosis and apoptosis)
Storage Disease (steatosis and amyloidosis)
Humoral and cellular immunology and immunopathology
Acute inflammation (margining and chemotaxis, phagocytosis, mediators of inflammation, systemic reactions)
Chronic inflammation
Wound healing
Pathogenetic and physiopathological causes and mechanisms of diseases: Diabetes, Anemias and red blood cell pathology, Pathology of blood coagulation
Atherosclerosis
Benign and malignant tumors, oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes, metastasis
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Pontieri GM. Elementi di Patologia generale e fisiopatologia generale. Per i corsi di laurea in professioni sanitarie. (4ed). Milano: Piccin, 2018
Microbiology and clinical microbiology
Course syllabus
The main differences of the cells of prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms about the structure, organization and methods of reproduction. Differences between microorganisms and viruses
Horizontal and vertical transmission of microorganism, viruses, and the importance of vehicles and carriers - main pathogenicity and virulence characteristics of microorganisms
Host-pathogen interaction: colonization, symbiosis, commensalism, infection and disease - factors facilitating microbial invasion
Sterilization and disinfection procedures - mechanism of action of disinfectants and main applications
Criteria for the collection and transport of biological samples for microbiological diagnosis in the laboratory - direct and indirect diagnosis of infection
Main direct and indirect microbiological investigations - diagnostic investigations in relation to the infection phase (recent, regressed and chronic infection) and to the therapeutic orientation (sensitivity tests for antimicrobial drugs)
Ultrastructure and functions of the different components of the bacterial cell, chemical composition and structure of the cell wall of Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria, reproduction.
Mechanism of action of antibacterial inhibitor drugs of cell wall synthesis, cytoplasmic membrane functions, protein and nucleic acid synthesis and microbial drug-resistance mechanisms
Morphology, ultrastructure and function of the components of the fungal cell, sexual and asexual reproduction - main antifungal drugs, mechanism of action and possible development of resistance
Morphology, relationship between structures and functions, and mode of reproduction of protozoa
Origin, organization and methods of replication of animal viruses - persistent, slow, latent viral infection - main antiviral drugs and mechanisms of action
Resident microbiota of the human body and composition in the various apparatuses
Characteristics of: Staphylococcus aureus, coagulase-negative staphylococci, Streptococcus spp, pathogenic Neisseria, Enterobacteria, sporigenic bacilli, Mycobacterium
Morphological, cultural and pathogenic characteristics of the main fungal agents with particular reference to Candida, Cryptococcus and Aspergillus
Notes on the main protozoa of human interest
The main agents of viral infections (Herpesviridae, Orthomyxoviridae, Paramyxoviridae, Picornaviridae retroviridae and hepatic viruses)
Nosocomial infections: definition, risk factors and main pathogens
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Eudes Lanciotti. Elementi di microbiologia clinica. Milano: Casa editrice Ambrosiana, 2017
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
Course syllabus
Basics of physics, principles of radiobiology
Radiation protection for operators
Diagnostic radiology: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Nuclear medicine: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Radiotherapy: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Cittadini, Cittadini, Sardanelli. Diagnostica per immagini e radioterapia. Milano: EDRA 2015
Clinical biochemistry and molecular biology
BIO/12 - CLINICAL BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY - University credits: 1
E-learning: 15 hours
Professor: Capitanio Daniele
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
MED/36 - IMAGING AND RADIOTHERAPY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 15 hours
Professor: Secchi Francesco
Experimental medicine and pathophysiology
MED/04 - EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE AND PATHOPHYSIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 30 hours
Professor: Mascherpa Mauro
Microbiology and clinical microbiology
MED/07 - MICROBIOLOGY AND CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 30 hours
Professor: Bianchi Emanuela

Sezione: Crema

Teaching methods
The lessons will be held in-class and/or remotely through the online platforms provided by the University. The distance lessons will be held in synchronous (through Microsoft Teams platform) and/or asynchronous mode (through Power point with audio, video recording lessons, audio recording lessons, other).
Program and Bibliography
The program and the Bibliography will not be changed and remains as under-reported
Assessment methods and criteria
The exams will be carried out in-class and/or remotely . Oral exams will be carried out remotely using the Microsoft Teams platform or other online platforms provided by the University. The distance written exams will be carried out using the Exam.net platform or other platforms provided by the University according to the modalities illustrated on the web site http://www. unimi.it
Prerequisites for admission
There are no specific prerequisites other than those required for admission to the degree course.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The written test includes closed and / or open-ended questions.
Clinical biochemistry and molecular biology
Course syllabus
Clinical biochemistry: introductions, purposes and definitions
Laboratory tests
Blood and urine sample
Other types of biological sample
Concept of total variability; biological variability and influencing factors
Patient preparation
Pre-analytical variability: sampling, storage, transport and delivery
Acceptance criteria for biological sample
Analytical variability
Types of errors. Reliability of dosage method
Quality checks
Post-analytical variability: reporting
Reference values
Analytical goals and critical difference
Logic diagnostic: clinical sensitivity and specificity, predictive values
Deepening of some topics chosen by the teacher (the role of the laboratory in situations like heart attack, diabetes, liver disease, dyslipidemia )
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Allan Gaw, Michael J. Murphy et al. Biochimica clinica. (3ed). Milano: Elsevier MASSON 2007
Eudes Lanciotti. Elementi di microbiologia clinica. Milano: Casa editrice Ambrosiana, 2017
Federici G. Medicina di laboratorio. Milano: McGraw Hill, 2014
Experimental medicine and pathophysiology
Course syllabus
Introduction of epigenetica
Disease concept: aetiology and pathogenesis
Cell pathology (necrosis and apoptosis)
Storage Disease (steatosis and amyloidosis)
Humoral and cellular immunology and immunopathology
Acute inflammation (margining and chemotaxis, phagocytosis, mediators of inflammation, systemic reactions)
Chronic inflammation
Wound healing
Pathogenetic and physiopathological causes and mechanisms of diseases: Diabetes, Anemias and red blood cell pathology, Pathology of blood coagulation
Atherosclerosis
Benign and malignant tumors, oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes, metastasis
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Pontieri GM. Elementi di Patologia generale e fisiopatologia generale. Per i corsi di laurea in professioni sanitarie. (4ed). Milano: Piccin, 2018
Microbiology and clinical microbiology
Course syllabus
The main differences of the cells of prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms about the structure, organization and methods of reproduction. Differences between microorganisms and viruses
Horizontal and vertical transmission of microorganism, viruses, and the importance of vehicles and carriers - main pathogenicity and virulence characteristics of microorganisms
Host-pathogen interaction: colonization, symbiosis, commensalism, infection and disease - factors facilitating microbial invasion
Sterilization and disinfection procedures - mechanism of action of disinfectants and main applications
Criteria for the collection and transport of biological samples for microbiological diagnosis in the laboratory - direct and indirect diagnosis of infection
Main direct and indirect microbiological investigations - diagnostic investigations in relation to the infection phase (recent, regressed and chronic infection) and to the therapeutic orientation (sensitivity tests for antimicrobial drugs)
Ultrastructure and functions of the different components of the bacterial cell, chemical composition and structure of the cell wall of Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria, reproduction.
Mechanism of action of antibacterial inhibitor drugs of cell wall synthesis, cytoplasmic membrane functions, protein and nucleic acid synthesis and microbial drug-resistance mechanisms
Morphology, ultrastructure and function of the components of the fungal cell, sexual and asexual reproduction - main antifungal drugs, mechanism of action and possible development of resistance
Morphology, relationship between structures and functions, and mode of reproduction of protozoa
Origin, organization and methods of replication of animal viruses - persistent, slow, latent viral infection - main antiviral drugs and mechanisms of action
Resident microbiota of the human body and composition in the various apparatuses
Characteristics of: Staphylococcus aureus, coagulase-negative staphylococci, Streptococcus spp, pathogenic Neisseria, Enterobacteria, sporigenic bacilli, Mycobacterium
Morphological, cultural and pathogenic characteristics of the main fungal agents with particular reference to Candida, Cryptococcus and Aspergillus
Notes on the main protozoa of human interest
The main agents of viral infections (Herpesviridae, Orthomyxoviridae, Paramyxoviridae, Picornaviridae retroviridae and hepatic viruses)
Nosocomial infections: definition, risk factors and main pathogens
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Eudes Lanciotti. Elementi di microbiologia clinica. Milano: Casa editrice Ambrosiana, 2017
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
Course syllabus
Basics of physics, principles of radiobiology
Radiation protection for operators
Diagnostic radiology: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Nuclear medicine: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Radiotherapy: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Cittadini, Cittadini, Sardanelli. Diagnostica per immagini e radioterapia. Milano: EDRA 2015
Clinical biochemistry and molecular biology
BIO/12 - CLINICAL BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY - University credits: 1
E-learning: 15 hours
Professor: Paroni Rita Clara
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
MED/36 - IMAGING AND RADIOTHERAPY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 15 hours
Professor: Valdameri Paolo
Experimental medicine and pathophysiology
MED/04 - EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE AND PATHOPHYSIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 30 hours
Professor: Inzoli Alessandro
Microbiology and clinical microbiology
MED/07 - MICROBIOLOGY AND CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 30 hours
Professor: Bonetti Cristina

Sezione: Don Gnocchi

Teaching methods
The lessons will be held in-class and/or remotely through the online platforms provided by the University. The distance lessons will be held in synchronous (through Microsoft Teams platform) and/or asynchronous mode (through Power point with audio, video recording lessons, audio recording lessons, other).
Program and Bibliography
The program and the Bibliography will not be changed and remains as under-reported
Assessment methods and criteria
The exams will be carried out in-class and/or remotely . Oral exams will be carried out remotely using the Microsoft Teams platform or other online platforms provided by the University. The distance written exams will be carried out using the Exam.net platform or other platforms provided by the University according to the modalities illustrated on the web site http://www. unimi.it
Prerequisites for admission
There are no specific prerequisites other than those required for admission to the degree course.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The written test includes closed and / or open-ended questions.
Clinical biochemistry and molecular biology
Course syllabus
Clinical biochemistry: introductions, purposes and definitions
Laboratory tests
Blood and urine sample
Other types of biological sample
Concept of total variability; biological variability and influencing factors
Patient preparation
Pre-analytical variability: sampling, storage, transport and delivery
Acceptance criteria for biological sample
Analytical variability
Types of errors. Reliability of dosage method
Quality checks
Post-analytical variability: reporting
Reference values
Analytical goals and critical difference
Logic diagnostic: clinical sensitivity and specificity, predictive values
Deepening of some topics chosen by the teacher (the role of the laboratory in situations like heart attack, diabetes, liver disease, dyslipidemia )
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Allan Gaw, Michael J. Murphy et al. Biochimica clinica. (3ed). Milano: Elsevier MASSON 2007
Eudes Lanciotti. Elementi di microbiologia clinica. Milano: Casa editrice Ambrosiana, 2017
Federici G. Medicina di laboratorio. Milano: McGraw Hill, 2014
Experimental medicine and pathophysiology
Course syllabus
Introduction of epigenetica
Disease concept: aetiology and pathogenesis
Cell pathology (necrosis and apoptosis)
Storage Disease (steatosis and amyloidosis)
Humoral and cellular immunology and immunopathology
Acute inflammation (margining and chemotaxis, phagocytosis, mediators of inflammation, systemic reactions)
Chronic inflammation
Wound healing
Pathogenetic and physiopathological causes and mechanisms of diseases: Diabetes, Anemias and red blood cell pathology, Pathology of blood coagulation
Atherosclerosis
Benign and malignant tumors, oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes, metastasis
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Pontieri GM. Elementi di Patologia generale e fisiopatologia generale. Per i corsi di laurea in professioni sanitarie. (4ed). Milano: Piccin, 2018
Microbiology and clinical microbiology
Course syllabus
The main differences of the cells of prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms about the structure, organization and methods of reproduction. Differences between microorganisms and viruses
Horizontal and vertical transmission of microorganism, viruses, and the importance of vehicles and carriers - main pathogenicity and virulence characteristics of microorganisms
Host-pathogen interaction: colonization, symbiosis, commensalism, infection and disease - factors facilitating microbial invasion
Sterilization and disinfection procedures - mechanism of action of disinfectants and main applications
Criteria for the collection and transport of biological samples for microbiological diagnosis in the laboratory - direct and indirect diagnosis of infection
Main direct and indirect microbiological investigations - diagnostic investigations in relation to the infection phase (recent, regressed and chronic infection) and to the therapeutic orientation (sensitivity tests for antimicrobial drugs)
Ultrastructure and functions of the different components of the bacterial cell, chemical composition and structure of the cell wall of Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria, reproduction.
Mechanism of action of antibacterial inhibitor drugs of cell wall synthesis, cytoplasmic membrane functions, protein and nucleic acid synthesis and microbial drug-resistance mechanisms
Morphology, ultrastructure and function of the components of the fungal cell, sexual and asexual reproduction - main antifungal drugs, mechanism of action and possible development of resistance
Morphology, relationship between structures and functions, and mode of reproduction of protozoa
Origin, organization and methods of replication of animal viruses - persistent, slow, latent viral infection - main antiviral drugs and mechanisms of action
Resident microbiota of the human body and composition in the various apparatuses
Characteristics of: Staphylococcus aureus, coagulase-negative staphylococci, Streptococcus spp, pathogenic Neisseria, Enterobacteria, sporigenic bacilli, Mycobacterium
Morphological, cultural and pathogenic characteristics of the main fungal agents with particular reference to Candida, Cryptococcus and Aspergillus
Notes on the main protozoa of human interest
The main agents of viral infections (Herpesviridae, Orthomyxoviridae, Paramyxoviridae, Picornaviridae retroviridae and hepatic viruses)
Nosocomial infections: definition, risk factors and main pathogens
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Eudes Lanciotti. Elementi di microbiologia clinica. Milano: Casa editrice Ambrosiana, 2017
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
Course syllabus
Basics of physics, principles of radiobiology
Radiation protection for operators
Diagnostic radiology: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Nuclear medicine: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Radiotherapy: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Cittadini, Cittadini, Sardanelli. Diagnostica per immagini e radioterapia. Milano: EDRA 2015
Clinical biochemistry and molecular biology
BIO/12 - CLINICAL BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY - University credits: 1
E-learning: 15 hours
Professor: Paroni Rita Clara
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
MED/36 - IMAGING AND RADIOTHERAPY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 15 hours
Professor: Secchi Francesco
Experimental medicine and pathophysiology
MED/04 - EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE AND PATHOPHYSIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 30 hours
Professor: Fenizia Claudio
Microbiology and clinical microbiology
MED/07 - MICROBIOLOGY AND CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 30 hours

Sezione: Fatebenefratelli

Teaching methods
The lessons will be held in-class and/or remotely through the online platforms provided by the University. The distance lessons will be held in synchronous (through Microsoft Teams platform) and/or asynchronous mode (through Power point with audio, video recording lessons, audio recording lessons, other).
Program and Bibliography
The program and the Bibliography will not be changed and remains as under-reported
Assessment methods and criteria
The exams will be carried out in-class and/or remotely . Oral exams will be carried out remotely using the Microsoft Teams platform or other online platforms provided by the University. The distance written exams will be carried out using the Exam.net platform or other platforms provided by the University according to the modalities illustrated on the web site http://www. unimi.it
Prerequisites for admission
There are no specific prerequisites other than those required for admission to the degree course.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The written test includes closed and / or open-ended questions.
Clinical biochemistry and molecular biology
Course syllabus
Clinical biochemistry: introductions, purposes and definitions
Laboratory tests
Blood and urine sample
Other types of biological sample
Concept of total variability; biological variability and influencing factors
Patient preparation
Pre-analytical variability: sampling, storage, transport and delivery
Acceptance criteria for biological sample
Analytical variability
Types of errors. Reliability of dosage method
Quality checks
Post-analytical variability: reporting
Reference values
Analytical goals and critical difference
Logic diagnostic: clinical sensitivity and specificity, predictive values
Deepening of some topics chosen by the teacher (the role of the laboratory in situations like heart attack, diabetes, liver disease, dyslipidemia )
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Allan Gaw, Michael J. Murphy et al. Biochimica clinica. (3ed). Milano: Elsevier MASSON 2007
Eudes Lanciotti. Elementi di microbiologia clinica. Milano: Casa editrice Ambrosiana, 2017
Federici G. Medicina di laboratorio. Milano: McGraw Hill, 2014
Experimental medicine and pathophysiology
Course syllabus
Introduction of epigenetica
Disease concept: aetiology and pathogenesis
Cell pathology (necrosis and apoptosis)
Storage Disease (steatosis and amyloidosis)
Humoral and cellular immunology and immunopathology
Acute inflammation (margining and chemotaxis, phagocytosis, mediators of inflammation, systemic reactions)
Chronic inflammation
Wound healing
Pathogenetic and physiopathological causes and mechanisms of diseases: Diabetes, Anemias and red blood cell pathology, Pathology of blood coagulation
Atherosclerosis
Benign and malignant tumors, oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes, metastasis
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Pontieri GM. Elementi di Patologia generale e fisiopatologia generale. Per i corsi di laurea in professioni sanitarie. (4ed). Milano: Piccin, 2018
Microbiology and clinical microbiology
Course syllabus
The main differences of the cells of prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms about the structure, organization and methods of reproduction. Differences between microorganisms and viruses
Horizontal and vertical transmission of microorganism, viruses, and the importance of vehicles and carriers - main pathogenicity and virulence characteristics of microorganisms
Host-pathogen interaction: colonization, symbiosis, commensalism, infection and disease - factors facilitating microbial invasion
Sterilization and disinfection procedures - mechanism of action of disinfectants and main applications
Criteria for the collection and transport of biological samples for microbiological diagnosis in the laboratory - direct and indirect diagnosis of infection
Main direct and indirect microbiological investigations - diagnostic investigations in relation to the infection phase (recent, regressed and chronic infection) and to the therapeutic orientation (sensitivity tests for antimicrobial drugs)
Ultrastructure and functions of the different components of the bacterial cell, chemical composition and structure of the cell wall of Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria, reproduction.
Mechanism of action of antibacterial inhibitor drugs of cell wall synthesis, cytoplasmic membrane functions, protein and nucleic acid synthesis and microbial drug-resistance mechanisms
Morphology, ultrastructure and function of the components of the fungal cell, sexual and asexual reproduction - main antifungal drugs, mechanism of action and possible development of resistance
Morphology, relationship between structures and functions, and mode of reproduction of protozoa
Origin, organization and methods of replication of animal viruses - persistent, slow, latent viral infection - main antiviral drugs and mechanisms of action
Resident microbiota of the human body and composition in the various apparatuses
Characteristics of: Staphylococcus aureus, coagulase-negative staphylococci, Streptococcus spp, pathogenic Neisseria, Enterobacteria, sporigenic bacilli, Mycobacterium
Morphological, cultural and pathogenic characteristics of the main fungal agents with particular reference to Candida, Cryptococcus and Aspergillus
Notes on the main protozoa of human interest
The main agents of viral infections (Herpesviridae, Orthomyxoviridae, Paramyxoviridae, Picornaviridae retroviridae and hepatic viruses)
Nosocomial infections: definition, risk factors and main pathogens
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Eudes Lanciotti. Elementi di microbiologia clinica. Milano: Casa editrice Ambrosiana, 2017
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
Course syllabus
Basics of physics, principles of radiobiology
Radiation protection for operators
Diagnostic radiology: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Nuclear medicine: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Radiotherapy: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Cittadini, Cittadini, Sardanelli. Diagnostica per immagini e radioterapia. Milano: EDRA 2015
Clinical biochemistry and molecular biology
BIO/12 - CLINICAL BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY - University credits: 1
E-learning: 15 hours
Professor: Goi Giancarlo
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
MED/36 - IMAGING AND RADIOTHERAPY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 15 hours
Professor: Orsi Marcello Alessandro
Experimental medicine and pathophysiology
MED/04 - EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE AND PATHOPHYSIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 30 hours
Professor: Recalcati Stefania
Microbiology and clinical microbiology
MED/07 - MICROBIOLOGY AND CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 30 hours
Professor: Grande Romualdo

Sezione: IEO

Teaching methods
The lessons will be held in-class and/or remotely through the online platforms provided by the University. The distance lessons will be held in synchronous (through Microsoft Teams platform) and/or asynchronous mode (through Power point with audio, video recording lessons, audio recording lessons, other).
Program and Bibliography
The program and the Bibliography will not be changed and remains as under-reported
Assessment methods and criteria
The exams will be carried out in-class and/or remotely . Oral exams will be carried out remotely using the Microsoft Teams platform or other online platforms provided by the University. The distance written exams will be carried out using the Exam.net platform or other platforms provided by the University according to the modalities illustrated on the web site http://www. unimi.it
Prerequisites for admission
There are no specific prerequisites other than those required for admission to the degree course.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The written test includes closed and / or open-ended questions.
Clinical biochemistry and molecular biology
Course syllabus
Clinical biochemistry: introductions, purposes and definitions
Laboratory tests
Blood and urine sample
Other types of biological sample
Concept of total variability; biological variability and influencing factors
Patient preparation
Pre-analytical variability: sampling, storage, transport and delivery
Acceptance criteria for biological sample
Analytical variability
Types of errors. Reliability of dosage method
Quality checks
Post-analytical variability: reporting
Reference values
Analytical goals and critical difference
Logic diagnostic: clinical sensitivity and specificity, predictive values
Deepening of some topics chosen by the teacher (the role of the laboratory in situations like heart attack, diabetes, liver disease, dyslipidemia )
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Allan Gaw, Michael J. Murphy et al. Biochimica clinica. (3ed). Milano: Elsevier MASSON 2007
Eudes Lanciotti. Elementi di microbiologia clinica. Milano: Casa editrice Ambrosiana, 2017
Federici G. Medicina di laboratorio. Milano: McGraw Hill, 2014
Experimental medicine and pathophysiology
Course syllabus
Introduction of epigenetica
Disease concept: aetiology and pathogenesis
Cell pathology (necrosis and apoptosis)
Storage Disease (steatosis and amyloidosis)
Humoral and cellular immunology and immunopathology
Acute inflammation (margining and chemotaxis, phagocytosis, mediators of inflammation, systemic reactions)
Chronic inflammation
Wound healing
Pathogenetic and physiopathological causes and mechanisms of diseases: Diabetes, Anemias and red blood cell pathology, Pathology of blood coagulation
Atherosclerosis
Benign and malignant tumors, oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes, metastasis
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Pontieri GM. Elementi di Patologia generale e fisiopatologia generale. Per i corsi di laurea in professioni sanitarie. (4ed). Milano: Piccin, 2018
Microbiology and clinical microbiology
Course syllabus
The main differences of the cells of prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms about the structure, organization and methods of reproduction. Differences between microorganisms and viruses
Horizontal and vertical transmission of microorganism, viruses, and the importance of vehicles and carriers - main pathogenicity and virulence characteristics of microorganisms
Host-pathogen interaction: colonization, symbiosis, commensalism, infection and disease - factors facilitating microbial invasion
Sterilization and disinfection procedures - mechanism of action of disinfectants and main applications
Criteria for the collection and transport of biological samples for microbiological diagnosis in the laboratory - direct and indirect diagnosis of infection
Main direct and indirect microbiological investigations - diagnostic investigations in relation to the infection phase (recent, regressed and chronic infection) and to the therapeutic orientation (sensitivity tests for antimicrobial drugs)
Ultrastructure and functions of the different components of the bacterial cell, chemical composition and structure of the cell wall of Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria, reproduction.
Mechanism of action of antibacterial inhibitor drugs of cell wall synthesis, cytoplasmic membrane functions, protein and nucleic acid synthesis and microbial drug-resistance mechanisms
Morphology, ultrastructure and function of the components of the fungal cell, sexual and asexual reproduction - main antifungal drugs, mechanism of action and possible development of resistance
Morphology, relationship between structures and functions, and mode of reproduction of protozoa
Origin, organization and methods of replication of animal viruses - persistent, slow, latent viral infection - main antiviral drugs and mechanisms of action
Resident microbiota of the human body and composition in the various apparatuses
Characteristics of: Staphylococcus aureus, coagulase-negative staphylococci, Streptococcus spp, pathogenic Neisseria, Enterobacteria, sporigenic bacilli, Mycobacterium
Morphological, cultural and pathogenic characteristics of the main fungal agents with particular reference to Candida, Cryptococcus and Aspergillus
Notes on the main protozoa of human interest
The main agents of viral infections (Herpesviridae, Orthomyxoviridae, Paramyxoviridae, Picornaviridae retroviridae and hepatic viruses)
Nosocomial infections: definition, risk factors and main pathogens
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Eudes Lanciotti. Elementi di microbiologia clinica. Milano: Casa editrice Ambrosiana, 2017
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
Course syllabus
Basics of physics, principles of radiobiology
Radiation protection for operators
Diagnostic radiology: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Nuclear medicine: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Radiotherapy: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Cittadini, Cittadini, Sardanelli. Diagnostica per immagini e radioterapia. Milano: EDRA 2015
Clinical biochemistry and molecular biology
BIO/12 - CLINICAL BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY - University credits: 1
E-learning: 15 hours
Professor: Goi Giancarlo
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
MED/36 - IMAGING AND RADIOTHERAPY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 15 hours
Professor: Petralia Giuseppe
Experimental medicine and pathophysiology
MED/04 - EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE AND PATHOPHYSIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 30 hours
Professor: Costanzo Vincenzo
Microbiology and clinical microbiology
MED/07 - MICROBIOLOGY AND CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 30 hours
Professor: Mauro Cristian

Sezione: Magenta

Teaching methods
The lessons will be held in-class and/or remotely through the online platforms provided by the University. The distance lessons will be held in synchronous (through Microsoft Teams platform) and/or asynchronous mode (through Power point with audio, video recording lessons, audio recording lessons, other).
Program and Bibliography
The program and the Bibliography will not be changed and remains as under-reported
Assessment methods and criteria
The exams will be carried out in-class and/or remotely . Oral exams will be carried out remotely using the Microsoft Teams platform or other online platforms provided by the University. The distance written exams will be carried out using the Exam.net platform or other platforms provided by the University according to the modalities illustrated on the web site http://www. unimi.it
Prerequisites for admission
There are no specific prerequisites other than those required for admission to the degree course.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The written test includes closed and / or open-ended questions.
Clinical biochemistry and molecular biology
Course syllabus
Clinical biochemistry: introductions, purposes and definitions
Laboratory tests
Blood and urine sample
Other types of biological sample
Concept of total variability; biological variability and influencing factors
Patient preparation
Pre-analytical variability: sampling, storage, transport and delivery
Acceptance criteria for biological sample
Analytical variability
Types of errors. Reliability of dosage method
Quality checks
Post-analytical variability: reporting
Reference values
Analytical goals and critical difference
Logic diagnostic: clinical sensitivity and specificity, predictive values
Deepening of some topics chosen by the teacher (the role of the laboratory in situations like heart attack, diabetes, liver disease, dyslipidemia )
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Allan Gaw, Michael J. Murphy et al. Biochimica clinica. (3ed). Milano: Elsevier MASSON 2007
Eudes Lanciotti. Elementi di microbiologia clinica. Milano: Casa editrice Ambrosiana, 2017
Federici G. Medicina di laboratorio. Milano: McGraw Hill, 2014
Experimental medicine and pathophysiology
Course syllabus
Introduction of epigenetica
Disease concept: aetiology and pathogenesis
Cell pathology (necrosis and apoptosis)
Storage Disease (steatosis and amyloidosis)
Humoral and cellular immunology and immunopathology
Acute inflammation (margining and chemotaxis, phagocytosis, mediators of inflammation, systemic reactions)
Chronic inflammation
Wound healing
Pathogenetic and physiopathological causes and mechanisms of diseases: Diabetes, Anemias and red blood cell pathology, Pathology of blood coagulation
Atherosclerosis
Benign and malignant tumors, oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes, metastasis
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Pontieri GM. Elementi di Patologia generale e fisiopatologia generale. Per i corsi di laurea in professioni sanitarie. (4ed). Milano: Piccin, 2018
Microbiology and clinical microbiology
Course syllabus
The main differences of the cells of prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms about the structure, organization and methods of reproduction. Differences between microorganisms and viruses
Horizontal and vertical transmission of microorganism, viruses, and the importance of vehicles and carriers - main pathogenicity and virulence characteristics of microorganisms
Host-pathogen interaction: colonization, symbiosis, commensalism, infection and disease - factors facilitating microbial invasion
Sterilization and disinfection procedures - mechanism of action of disinfectants and main applications
Criteria for the collection and transport of biological samples for microbiological diagnosis in the laboratory - direct and indirect diagnosis of infection
Main direct and indirect microbiological investigations - diagnostic investigations in relation to the infection phase (recent, regressed and chronic infection) and to the therapeutic orientation (sensitivity tests for antimicrobial drugs)
Ultrastructure and functions of the different components of the bacterial cell, chemical composition and structure of the cell wall of gram positive and gram negative bacteria, reproduction.
Mechanism of action of antibacterial inhibitor drugs of cell wall synthesis, cytoplasmic membrane functions, protein and nucleic acid synthesis and microbial drug-resistance mechanisms
Morphology, ultrastructure and function of the components of the fungal cell, sexual and asexual reproduction - main antifungal drugs, mechanism of action and possible development of resistance
Morphology, relationship between structures and functions, and mode of reproduction of protozoa
Origin, organization and methods of replication of animal viruses - persistent, slow, latent viral infection - main antiviral drugs and mechanisms of action
Resident microbiota of the human body and composition in the various apparatuses
Characteristics of: Staphylococcus aureus, coagulase-negative staphylococci, Streptococcus spp, pathogenic neisseria, enterobacteria, sporigenic bacilli, mycobacterium
Morphological, cultural and pathogenic characteristics of the main fungal agents with particular reference to Candida, Cryptococcus and Aspergillus
Notes on the main protozoa of human interest
The main agents of viral infections (Herpesviridae, Orthomyxoviridae, Paramyxoviridae, Picornaviridae retroviridae and hepatic viruses)
Nosocomial infections: definition, risk factors and main pathogens
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Eudes Lanciotti. Elementi di microbiologia clinica. Milano: Casa editrice Ambrosiana, 2017
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
Course syllabus
Basics of physics, principles of radiobiology
Radiation protection for operators
Diagnostic radiology: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Nuclear medicine: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Radiotherapy: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Cittadini, Cittadini, Sardanelli. Diagnostica per immagini e radioterapia. Milano: EDRA 2015
Clinical biochemistry and molecular biology
BIO/12 - CLINICAL BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY - University credits: 1
E-learning: 15 hours
Professor: Goi Giancarlo
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
MED/36 - IMAGING AND RADIOTHERAPY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 15 hours
Professor: Migliorisi Carmelo
Experimental medicine and pathophysiology
MED/04 - EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE AND PATHOPHYSIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 30 hours
Professor: Gammella Elena
Microbiology and clinical microbiology
MED/07 - MICROBIOLOGY AND CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 30 hours

Sezione: Niguarda

Teaching methods
The lessons will be held in-class and/or remotely through the online platforms provided by the University. The distance lessons will be held in synchronous (through Microsoft Teams platform) and/or asynchronous mode (through Power point with audio, video recording lessons, audio recording lessons, other).
Program and Bibliography
The program and the Bibliography will not be changed and remains as under-reported
Assessment methods and criteria
The exams will be carried out in-class and/or remotely . Oral exams will be carried out remotely using the Microsoft Teams platform or other online platforms provided by the University. The distance written exams will be carried out using the Exam.net platform or other platforms provided by the University according to the modalities illustrated on the web site http://www. unimi.it
Prerequisites for admission
There are no specific prerequisites other than those required for admission to the degree course.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The written test includes closed and / or open-ended questions.
Clinical biochemistry and molecular biology
Course syllabus
Clinical biochemistry: introductions, purposes and definitions
Laboratory tests
Blood and urine sample
Other types of biological sample
Concept of total variability; biological variability and influencing factors
Patient preparation
Pre-analytical variability: sampling, storage, transport and delivery
Acceptance criteria for biological sample
Analytical variability
Types of errors. Reliability of dosage method
Quality checks
Post-analytical variability: reporting
Reference values
Analytical goals and critical difference
Logic diagnostic: clinical sensitivity and specificity, predictive values
Deepening of some topics chosen by the teacher (the role of the laboratory in situations like heart attack, diabetes, liver disease, dyslipidemia )
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Allan Gaw, Michael J. Murphy et al. Biochimica clinica. (3ed). Milano: Elsevier MASSON 2007
Eudes Lanciotti. Elementi di microbiologia clinica. Milano: Casa editrice Ambrosiana, 2017
Federici G. Medicina di laboratorio. Milano: McGraw Hill, 2014
Experimental medicine and pathophysiology
Course syllabus
Introduction of epigenetica
Disease concept: aetiology and pathogenesis
Cell pathology (necrosis and apoptosis)
Storage Disease (steatosis and amyloidosis)
Humoral and cellular immunology and immunopathology
Acute inflammation (margining and chemotaxis, phagocytosis, mediators of inflammation, systemic reactions)
Chronic inflammation
Wound healing
Pathogenetic and physiopathological causes and mechanisms of diseases: Diabetes, Anemias and red blood cell pathology, Pathology of blood coagulation
Atherosclerosis
Benign and malignant tumors, oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes, metastasis
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Pontieri GM. Elementi di Patologia generale e fisiopatologia generale. Per i corsi di laurea in professioni sanitarie. (4ed). Milano: Piccin, 2018
Microbiology and clinical microbiology
Course syllabus
The main differences of the cells of prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms about the structure, organization and methods of reproduction. Differences between microorganisms and viruses
Horizontal and vertical transmission of microorganism, viruses, and the importance of vehicles and carriers - main pathogenicity and virulence characteristics of microorganisms
Host-pathogen interaction: colonization, symbiosis, commensalism, infection and disease - factors facilitating microbial invasion
Sterilization and disinfection procedures - mechanism of action of disinfectants and main applications
Criteria for the collection and transport of biological samples for microbiological diagnosis in the laboratory - direct and indirect diagnosis of infection
Main direct and indirect microbiological investigations - diagnostic investigations in relation to the infection phase (recent, regressed and chronic infection) and to the therapeutic orientation (sensitivity tests for antimicrobial drugs)
Ultrastructure and functions of the different components of the bacterial cell, chemical composition and structure of the cell wall of Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria, reproduction.
Mechanism of action of antibacterial inhibitor drugs of cell wall synthesis, cytoplasmic membrane functions, protein and nucleic acid synthesis and microbial drug-resistance mechanisms
Morphology, ultrastructure and function of the components of the fungal cell, sexual and asexual reproduction - main antifungal drugs, mechanism of action and possible development of resistance
Morphology, relationship between structures and functions, and mode of reproduction of protozoa
Origin, organization and methods of replication of animal viruses - persistent, slow, latent viral infection - main antiviral drugs and mechanisms of action
Resident microbiota of the human body and composition in the various apparatuses
Characteristics of: Staphylococcus aureus, coagulase-negative staphylococci, Streptococcus spp, pathogenic Neisseria, Enterobacteria, sporigenic bacilli, Mycobacterium
Morphological, cultural and pathogenic characteristics of the main fungal agents with particular reference to Candida, Cryptococcus and Aspergillus
Notes on the main protozoa of human interest
The main agents of viral infections (Herpesviridae, Orthomyxoviridae, Paramyxoviridae, Picornaviridae retroviridae and hepatic viruses)
Nosocomial infections: definition, risk factors and main pathogens
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Allan Gaw, Michael J. Murphy et al. Biochimica clinica. (3ed). Milano: Elsevier MASSON 2007
Eudes Lanciotti. Elementi di microbiologia clinica. Milano: Casa editrice Ambrosiana, 2017
Federici G. Medicina di laboratorio. Milano: McGraw Hill, 2014
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
Course syllabus
Basics of physics, principles of radiobiology
Radiation protection for operators
Diagnostic radiology: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Nuclear medicine: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Radiotherapy: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Cittadini, Cittadini, Sardanelli. Diagnostica per immagini e radioterapia. Milano: EDRA 2015
Clinical biochemistry and molecular biology
BIO/12 - CLINICAL BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY - University credits: 1
E-learning: 15 hours
Professor: Paroni Rita Clara
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
MED/36 - IMAGING AND RADIOTHERAPY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 15 hours
Professor: Vanzulli Angelo
Experimental medicine and pathophysiology
MED/04 - EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE AND PATHOPHYSIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 30 hours
Microbiology and clinical microbiology
MED/07 - MICROBIOLOGY AND CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 30 hours
Professor: Cento Valeria

Sezione: Policlinico

Teaching methods
The lessons will be held in-class and/or remotely through the online platforms provided by the University. The distance lessons will be held in synchronous (through Microsoft Teams platform) and/or asynchronous mode (through Power point with audio, video recording lessons, audio recording lessons, other).
Program and Bibliography
The program and the Bibliography will not be changed and remains as under-reported
Assessment methods and criteria
The exams will be carried out in-class and/or remotely . Oral exams will be carried out remotely using the Microsoft Teams platform or other online platforms provided by the University. The distance written exams will be carried out using the Exam.net platform or other platforms provided by the University according to the modalities illustrated on the web site http://www. unimi.it
Prerequisites for admission
There are no specific prerequisites other than those required for admission to the degree course.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The written test includes closed and / or open-ended questions.
Clinical biochemistry and molecular biology
Course syllabus
Clinical biochemistry: introductions, purposes and definitions
Laboratory tests
Blood and urine sample
Other types of biological sample
Concept of total variability; biological variability and influencing factors
Patient preparation
Pre-analytical variability: sampling, storage, transport and delivery
Acceptance criteria for biological sample
Analytical variability
Types of errors. Reliability of dosage method
Quality checks
Post-analytical variability: reporting
Reference values
Analytical goals and critical difference
Logic diagnostic: clinical sensitivity and specificity, predictive values
Deepening of some topics chosen by the teacher (the role of the laboratory in situations like heart attack, diabetes, liver disease, dyslipidemia )
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Allan Gaw, Michael J. Murphy et al. Biochimica clinica. (3ed). Milano: Elsevier MASSON 2007
Eudes Lanciotti. Elementi di microbiologia clinica. Milano: Casa editrice Ambrosiana, 2017
Federici G. Medicina di laboratorio. Milano: McGraw Hill, 2014
Experimental medicine and pathophysiology
Course syllabus
Introduction of epigenetica
Disease concept: aetiology and pathogenesis
Cell pathology (necrosis and apoptosis)
Storage Disease (steatosis and amyloidosis)
Humoral and cellular immunology and immunopathology
Acute inflammation (margining and chemotaxis, phagocytosis, mediators of inflammation, systemic reactions)
Chronic inflammation
Wound healing
Pathogenetic and physiopathological causes and mechanisms of diseases: Diabetes, Anemias and red blood cell pathology, Pathology of blood coagulation
Atherosclerosis
Benign and malignant tumors, oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes, metastasis
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Pontieri GM. Elementi di Patologia generale e fisiopatologia generale. Per i corsi di laurea in professioni sanitarie. (4ed). Milano: Piccin, 2018
Microbiology and clinical microbiology
Course syllabus
The main differences of the cells of prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms about the structure, organization and methods of reproduction. Differences between microorganisms and viruses
Horizontal and vertical transmission of microorganism, viruses, and the importance of vehicles and carriers - main pathogenicity and virulence characteristics of microorganisms
Host-pathogen interaction: colonization, symbiosis, commensalism, infection and disease - factors facilitating microbial invasion
Sterilization and disinfection procedures - mechanism of action of disinfectants and main applications
Criteria for the collection and transport of biological samples for microbiological diagnosis in the laboratory - direct and indirect diagnosis of infection
Main direct and indirect microbiological investigations - diagnostic investigations in relation to the infection phase (recent, regressed and chronic infection) and to the therapeutic orientation (sensitivity tests for antimicrobial drugs)
Ultrastructure and functions of the different components of the bacterial cell, chemical composition and structure of the cell wall of Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria, reproduction.
Mechanism of action of antibacterial inhibitor drugs of cell wall synthesis, cytoplasmic membrane functions, protein and nucleic acid synthesis and microbial drug-resistance mechanisms
Morphology, ultrastructure and function of the components of the fungal cell, sexual and asexual reproduction - main antifungal drugs, mechanism of action and possible development of resistance
Morphology, relationship between structures and functions, and mode of reproduction of protozoa
Origin, organization and methods of replication of animal viruses - persistent, slow, latent viral infection - main antiviral drugs and mechanisms of action
Resident microbiota of the human body and composition in the various apparatuses
Characteristics of: Staphylococcus aureus, coagulase-negative staphylococci, Streptococcus spp, pathogenic Neisseria, Enterobacteria, sporigenic bacilli, Mycobacterium
Morphological, cultural and pathogenic characteristics of the main fungal agents with particular reference to Candida, Cryptococcus and Aspergillus
Notes on the main protozoa of human interest
The main agents of viral infections (Herpesviridae, Orthomyxoviridae, Paramyxoviridae, Picornaviridae retroviridae and hepatic viruses)
Nosocomial infections: definition, risk factors and main pathogens
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Eudes Lanciotti. Elementi di microbiologia clinica. Milano: Casa editrice Ambrosiana, 2017
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
Course syllabus
Basics of physics, principles of radiobiology
Radiation protection for operators
Diagnostic radiology: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Nuclear medicine: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Radiotherapy: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Cittadini, Cittadini, Sardanelli. Diagnostica per immagini e radioterapia. Milano: EDRA 2015
Clinical biochemistry and molecular biology
BIO/12 - CLINICAL BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY - University credits: 1
E-learning: 15 hours
Professor: Paroni Rita Clara
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
MED/36 - IMAGING AND RADIOTHERAPY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 15 hours
Experimental medicine and pathophysiology
MED/04 - EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE AND PATHOPHYSIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 30 hours
Professor: Fenizia Claudio
Microbiology and clinical microbiology
MED/07 - MICROBIOLOGY AND CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 30 hours
Professor: Mattina Roberto

Sezione: Rho

Teaching methods
The lessons will be held in-class and/or remotely through the online platforms provided by the University. The distance lessons will be held in synchronous (through Microsoft Teams platform) and/or asynchronous mode (through Power point with audio, video recording lessons, audio recording lessons, other).
Program and Bibliography
The program and the Bibliography will not be changed and remains as under-reported
Assessment methods and criteria
The exams will be carried out in-class and/or remotely . Oral exams will be carried out remotely using the Microsoft Teams platform or other online platforms provided by the University. The distance written exams will be carried out using the Exam.net platform or other platforms provided by the University according to the modalities illustrated on the web site http://www. unimi.it
Prerequisites for admission
There are no specific prerequisites other than those required for admission to the degree course.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The written test includes closed and / or open-ended questions.
Clinical biochemistry and molecular biology
Course syllabus
Clinical biochemistry: introductions, purposes and definitions
Laboratory tests
Blood and urine sample
Other types of biological sample
Concept of total variability; biological variability and influencing factors
Patient preparation
Pre-analytical variability: sampling, storage, transport and delivery
Acceptance criteria for biological sample
Analytical variability
Types of errors. Reliability of dosage method
Quality checks
Post-analytical variability: reporting
Reference values
Analytical goals and critical difference
Logic diagnostic: clinical sensitivity and specificity, predictive values
Deepening of some topics chosen by the teacher (the role of the laboratory in situations like heart attack, diabetes, liver disease, dyslipidemia )
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Allan Gaw, Michael J. Murphy et al. Biochimica clinica. (3ed). Milano: Elsevier MASSON 2007
Eudes Lanciotti. Elementi di microbiologia clinica. Milano: Casa editrice Ambrosiana, 2017
Federici G. Medicina di laboratorio. Milano: McGraw Hill, 2014
Experimental medicine and pathophysiology
Course syllabus
Introduction of epigenetica
Disease concept: aetiology and pathogenesis
Cell pathology (necrosis and apoptosis)
Storage Disease (steatosis and amyloidosis)
Humoral and cellular immunology and immunopathology
Acute inflammation (margining and chemotaxis, phagocytosis, mediators of inflammation, systemic reactions)
Chronic inflammation
Wound healing
Pathogenetic and physiopathological causes and mechanisms of diseases: Diabetes, Anemias and red blood cell pathology, Pathology of blood coagulation
Atherosclerosis
Benign and malignant tumors, oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes, metastasis
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Pontieri GM. Elementi di Patologia generale e fisiopatologia generale. Per i corsi di laurea in professioni sanitarie. (4ed). Milano: Piccin, 2018
Microbiology and clinical microbiology
Course syllabus
The main differences of the cells of prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms about the structure, organization and methods of reproduction. Differences between microorganisms and viruses
Horizontal and vertical transmission of microorganism, viruses, and the importance of vehicles and carriers - main pathogenicity and virulence characteristics of microorganisms
Host-pathogen interaction: colonization, symbiosis, commensalism, infection and disease - factors facilitating microbial invasion
Sterilization and disinfection procedures - mechanism of action of disinfectants and main applications
Criteria for the collection and transport of biological samples for microbiological diagnosis in the laboratory - direct and indirect diagnosis of infection
Main direct and indirect microbiological investigations - diagnostic investigations in relation to the infection phase (recent, regressed and chronic infection) and to the therapeutic orientation (sensitivity tests for antimicrobial drugs)
Ultrastructure and functions of the different components of the bacterial cell, chemical composition and structure of the cell wall of Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria, reproduction.
Mechanism of action of antibacterial inhibitor drugs of cell wall synthesis, cytoplasmic membrane functions, protein and nucleic acid synthesis and microbial drug-resistance mechanisms
Morphology, ultrastructure and function of the components of the fungal cell, sexual and asexual reproduction - main antifungal drugs, mechanism of action and possible development of resistance
Morphology, relationship between structures and functions, and mode of reproduction of protozoa
Origin, organization and methods of replication of animal viruses - persistent, slow, latent viral infection - main antiviral drugs and mechanisms of action
Resident microbiota of the human body and composition in the various apparatuses
Characteristics of: Staphylococcus aureus, coagulase-negative staphylococci, Streptococcus spp, pathogenic Neisseria, Enterobacteria, sporigenic bacilli, Mycobacterium
Morphological, cultural and pathogenic characteristics of the main fungal agents with particular reference to Candida, Cryptococcus and Aspergillus
Notes on the main protozoa of human interest
The main agents of viral infections (Herpesviridae, Orthomyxoviridae, Paramyxoviridae, Picornaviridae retroviridae and hepatic viruses)
Nosocomial infections: definition, risk factors and main pathogens
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Eudes Lanciotti. Elementi di microbiologia clinica. Milano: Casa editrice Ambrosiana, 2017
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
Course syllabus
Basics of physics, principles of radiobiology
Radiation protection for operators
Diagnostic radiology: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Nuclear medicine: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Radiotherapy: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Cittadini, Cittadini, Sardanelli. Diagnostica per immagini e radioterapia. Milano: EDRA 2015
Clinical biochemistry and molecular biology
BIO/12 - CLINICAL BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY - University credits: 1
E-learning: 15 hours
Professor: Braga Federica
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
MED/36 - IMAGING AND RADIOTHERAPY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 15 hours
Professor: Mauri Carla
Experimental medicine and pathophysiology
MED/04 - EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE AND PATHOPHYSIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 30 hours
Professor: Basilico Nicoletta
Microbiology and clinical microbiology
MED/07 - MICROBIOLOGY AND CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 30 hours
Professor: Giuliani Giuseppe

Sezione: Sacco

Teaching methods
The lessons will be held in-class and/or remotely through the online platforms provided by the University. The distance lessons will be held in synchronous (through Microsoft Teams platform) and/or asynchronous mode (through Power point with audio, video recording lessons, audio recording lessons, other).
Program and Bibliography
The program and the Bibliography will not be changed and remains as under-reported
Assessment methods and criteria
The exams will be carried out in-class and/or remotely . Oral exams will be carried out remotely using the Microsoft Teams platform or other online platforms provided by the University. The distance written exams will be carried out using the Exam.net platform or other platforms provided by the University according to the modalities illustrated on the web site http://www. unimi.it
Prerequisites for admission
There are no specific prerequisites other than those required for admission to the degree course.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The written test includes closed and / or open-ended questions.
Clinical biochemistry and molecular biology
Course syllabus
Clinical biochemistry: introductions, purposes and definitions
Laboratory tests
Blood and urine sample
Other types of biological sample
Concept of total variability; biological variability and influencing factors
Patient preparation
Pre-analytical variability: sampling, storage, transport and delivery
Acceptance criteria for biological sample
Analytical variability
Types of errors. Reliability of dosage method
Quality checks
Post-analytical variability: reporting
Reference values
Analytical goals and critical difference
Logic diagnostic: clinical sensitivity and specificity, predictive values
Deepening of some topics chosen by the teacher (the role of the laboratory in situations like heart attack, diabetes, liver disease, dyslipidemia )
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Allan Gaw, Michael J. Murphy et al. Biochimica clinica. (3ed). Milano: Elsevier MASSON 2007
Eudes Lanciotti. Elementi di microbiologia clinica. Milano: Casa editrice Ambrosiana, 2017
Federici G. Medicina di laboratorio. Milano: McGraw Hill, 2014
Experimental medicine and pathophysiology
Course syllabus
Introduction of epigenetica
Disease concept: aetiology and pathogenesis
Cell pathology (necrosis and apoptosis)
Storage Disease (steatosis and amyloidosis)
Humoral and cellular immunology and immunopathology
Acute inflammation (margining and chemotaxis, phagocytosis, mediators of inflammation, systemic reactions)
Chronic inflammation
Wound healing
Pathogenetic and physiopathological causes and mechanisms of diseases: Diabetes, Anemias and red blood cell pathology, Pathology of blood coagulation
Atherosclerosis
Benign and malignant tumors, oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes, metastasis
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Pontieri GM. Elementi di Patologia generale e fisiopatologia generale. Per i corsi di laurea in professioni sanitarie. (4ed). Milano: Piccin, 2018
Microbiology and clinical microbiology
Course syllabus
The main differences of the cells of prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms about the structure, organization and methods of reproduction. Differences between microorganisms and viruses
Horizontal and vertical transmission of microorganism, viruses, and the importance of vehicles and carriers - main pathogenicity and virulence characteristics of microorganisms
Host-pathogen interaction: colonization, symbiosis, commensalism, infection and disease - factors facilitating microbial invasion
Sterilization and disinfection procedures - mechanism of action of disinfectants and main applications
Criteria for the collection and transport of biological samples for microbiological diagnosis in the laboratory - direct and indirect diagnosis of infection
Main direct and indirect microbiological investigations - diagnostic investigations in relation to the infection phase (recent, regressed and chronic infection) and to the therapeutic orientation (sensitivity tests for antimicrobial drugs)
Ultrastructure and functions of the different components of the bacterial cell, chemical composition and structure of the cell wall of Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria, reproduction.
Mechanism of action of antibacterial inhibitor drugs of cell wall synthesis, cytoplasmic membrane functions, protein and nucleic acid synthesis and microbial drug-resistance mechanisms
Morphology, ultrastructure and function of the components of the fungal cell, sexual and asexual reproduction - main antifungal drugs, mechanism of action and possible development of resistance
Morphology, relationship between structures and functions, and mode of reproduction of protozoa
Origin, organization and methods of replication of animal viruses - persistent, slow, latent viral infection - main antiviral drugs and mechanisms of action
Resident microbiota of the human body and composition in the various apparatuses
Characteristics of: Staphylococcus aureus, coagulase-negative staphylococci, Streptococcus spp, pathogenic Neisseria, Enterobacteria, sporigenic bacilli, Mycobacterium
Morphological, cultural and pathogenic characteristics of the main fungal agents with particular reference to Candida, Cryptococcus and Aspergillus
Notes on the main protozoa of human interest
The main agents of viral infections (Herpesviridae, Orthomyxoviridae, Paramyxoviridae, Picornaviridae retroviridae and hepatic viruses)
Nosocomial infections: definition, risk factors and main pathogens
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Eudes Lanciotti. Elementi di microbiologia clinica. Milano: Casa editrice Ambrosiana, 2017
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
Course syllabus
Basics of physics, principles of radiobiology
Radiation protection for operators
Diagnostic radiology: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Nuclear medicine: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Radiotherapy: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Cittadini, Cittadini, Sardanelli. Diagnostica per immagini e radioterapia. Milano: EDRA 2015
Clinical biochemistry and molecular biology
BIO/12 - CLINICAL BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY - University credits: 1
E-learning: 15 hours
Professor: Braga Federica
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
MED/36 - IMAGING AND RADIOTHERAPY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 15 hours
Experimental medicine and pathophysiology
MED/04 - EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE AND PATHOPHYSIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 30 hours
Professor: Mariotti Massimo
Microbiology and clinical microbiology
MED/07 - MICROBIOLOGY AND CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 30 hours

Sezione: San Carlo

Teaching methods
The lessons will be held in-class and/or remotely through the online platforms provided by the University. The distance lessons will be held in synchronous (through Microsoft Teams platform) and/or asynchronous mode (through Power point with audio, video recording lessons, audio recording lessons, other).
Program and Bibliography
The program and the Bibliography will not be changed and remains as under-reported
Assessment methods and criteria
The exams will be carried out in-class and/or remotely . Oral exams will be carried out remotely using the Microsoft Teams platform or other online platforms provided by the University. The distance written exams will be carried out using the Exam.net platform or other platforms provided by the University according to the modalities illustrated on the web site http://www. unimi.it
Prerequisites for admission
There are no specific prerequisites other than those required for admission to the degree course.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The written test includes closed and / or open-ended questions.
Clinical biochemistry and molecular biology
Course syllabus
Clinical biochemistry: introductions, purposes and definitions
Laboratory tests
Blood and urine sample
Other types of biological sample
Concept of total variability; biological variability and influencing factors
Patient preparation
Pre-analytical variability: sampling, storage, transport and delivery
Acceptance criteria for biological sample
Analytical variability
Types of errors. Reliability of dosage method
Quality checks
Post-analytical variability: reporting
Reference values
Analytical goals and critical difference
Logic diagnostic: clinical sensitivity and specificity, predictive values
Deepening of some topics chosen by the teacher (the role of the laboratory in situations like heart attack, diabetes, liver disease, dyslipidemia )
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Allan Gaw, Michael J. Murphy et al. Biochimica clinica. (3ed). Milano: Elsevier MASSON 2007
Eudes Lanciotti. Elementi di microbiologia clinica. Milano: Casa editrice Ambrosiana, 2017
Federici G. Medicina di laboratorio. Milano: McGraw Hill, 2014
Experimental medicine and pathophysiology
Course syllabus
Introduction of epigenetica
Disease concept: aetiology and pathogenesis
Cell pathology (necrosis and apoptosis)
Storage Disease (steatosis and amyloidosis)
Humoral and cellular immunology and immunopathology
Acute inflammation (margining and chemotaxis, phagocytosis, mediators of inflammation, systemic reactions)
Chronic inflammation
Wound healing
Pathogenetic and physiopathological causes and mechanisms of diseases: Diabetes, Anemias and red blood cell pathology, Pathology of blood coagulation
Atherosclerosis
Benign and malignant tumors, oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes, metastasis
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Pontieri GM. Elementi di Patologia generale e fisiopatologia generale. Per i corsi di laurea in professioni sanitarie. (4ed). Milano: Piccin, 2018
Microbiology and clinical microbiology
Course syllabus
The main differences of the cells of prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms about the structure, organization and methods of reproduction. Differences between microorganisms and viruses
Horizontal and vertical transmission of microorganism, viruses, and the importance of vehicles and carriers - main pathogenicity and virulence characteristics of microorganisms
Host-pathogen interaction: colonization, symbiosis, commensalism, infection and disease - factors facilitating microbial invasion
Sterilization and disinfection procedures - mechanism of action of disinfectants and main applications
Criteria for the collection and transport of biological samples for microbiological diagnosis in the laboratory - direct and indirect diagnosis of infection
Main direct and indirect microbiological investigations - diagnostic investigations in relation to the infection phase (recent, regressed and chronic infection) and to the therapeutic orientation (sensitivity tests for antimicrobial drugs)
Ultrastructure and functions of the different components of the bacterial cell, chemical composition and structure of the cell wall of Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria, reproduction.
Mechanism of action of antibacterial inhibitor drugs of cell wall synthesis, cytoplasmic membrane functions, protein and nucleic acid synthesis and microbial drug-resistance mechanisms
Morphology, ultrastructure and function of the components of the fungal cell, sexual and asexual reproduction - main antifungal drugs, mechanism of action and possible development of resistance
Morphology, relationship between structures and functions, and mode of reproduction of protozoa
Origin, organization and methods of replication of animal viruses - persistent, slow, latent viral infection - main antiviral drugs and mechanisms of action
Resident microbiota of the human body and composition in the various apparatuses
Characteristics of: Staphylococcus aureus, coagulase-negative staphylococci, Streptococcus spp, pathogenic Neisseria, Enterobacteria, sporigenic bacilli, Mycobacterium
Morphological, cultural and pathogenic characteristics of the main fungal agents with particular reference to Candida, Cryptococcus and Aspergillus
Notes on the main protozoa of human interest
The main agents of viral infections (Herpesviridae, Orthomyxoviridae, Paramyxoviridae, Picornaviridae retroviridae and hepatic viruses)
Nosocomial infections: definition, risk factors and main pathogens
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Eudes Lanciotti. Elementi di microbiologia clinica. Milano: Casa editrice Ambrosiana, 2017
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
Course syllabus
Basics of physics, principles of radiobiology
Radiation protection for operators
Diagnostic radiology: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Nuclear medicine: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Radiotherapy: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Cittadini, Cittadini, Sardanelli. Diagnostica per immagini e radioterapia. Milano: EDRA 2015
Clinical biochemistry and molecular biology
BIO/12 - CLINICAL BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY - University credits: 1
E-learning: 15 hours
Professor: Goi Giancarlo
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
MED/36 - IMAGING AND RADIOTHERAPY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 15 hours
Experimental medicine and pathophysiology
MED/04 - EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE AND PATHOPHYSIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 30 hours
Microbiology and clinical microbiology
MED/07 - MICROBIOLOGY AND CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 30 hours

Sezione: San Donato

Teaching methods
The lessons will be held in-class and/or remotely through the online platforms provided by the University. The distance lessons will be held in synchronous (through Microsoft Teams platform) and/or asynchronous mode (through Power point with audio, video recording lessons, audio recording lessons, other).
Program and Bibliography
The program and the Bibliography will not be changed and remains as under-reported
Assessment methods and criteria
The exams will be carried out in-class and/or remotely . Oral exams will be carried out remotely using the Microsoft Teams platform or other online platforms provided by the University. The distance written exams will be carried out using the Exam.net platform or other platforms provided by the University according to the modalities illustrated on the web site http://www. unimi.it
Prerequisites for admission
There are no specific prerequisites other than those required for admission to the degree course.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The written test includes closed and / or open-ended questions.
Clinical biochemistry and molecular biology
Course syllabus
Clinical biochemistry: introductions, purposes and definitions
Laboratory tests
Blood and urine sample
Other types of biological sample
Concept of total variability; biological variability and influencing factors
Patient preparation
Pre-analytical variability: sampling, storage, transport and delivery
Acceptance criteria for biological sample
Analytical variability
Types of errors. Reliability of dosage method
Quality checks
Post-analytical variability: reporting
Reference values
Analytical goals and critical difference
Logic diagnostic: clinical sensitivity and specificity, predictive values
Deepening of some topics chosen by the teacher (the role of the laboratory in situations like heart attack, diabetes, liver disease, dyslipidemia )
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Allan Gaw, Michael J. Murphy et al. Biochimica clinica. (3ed). Milano: Elsevier MASSON 2007
Eudes Lanciotti. Elementi di microbiologia clinica. Milano: Casa editrice Ambrosiana, 2017
Federici G. Medicina di laboratorio. Milano: McGraw Hill, 2014
Experimental medicine and pathophysiology
Course syllabus
Introduction of epigenetica
Disease concept: aetiology and pathogenesis
Cell pathology (necrosis and apoptosis)
Storage Disease (steatosis and amyloidosis)
Humoral and cellular immunology and immunopathology
Acute inflammation (margining and chemotaxis, phagocytosis, mediators of inflammation, systemic reactions)
Chronic inflammation
Wound healing
Pathogenetic and physiopathological causes and mechanisms of diseases: Diabetes, Anemias and red blood cell pathology, Pathology of blood coagulation
Atherosclerosis
Benign and malignant tumors, oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes, metastasis
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Pontieri GM. Elementi di Patologia generale e fisiopatologia generale. Per i corsi di laurea in professioni sanitarie. (4ed). Milano: Piccin, 2018
Microbiology and clinical microbiology
Course syllabus
The main differences of the cells of prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms about the structure, organization and methods of reproduction. Differences between microorganisms and viruses
Horizontal and vertical transmission of microorganism, viruses, and the importance of vehicles and carriers - main pathogenicity and virulence characteristics of microorganisms
Host-pathogen interaction: colonization, symbiosis, commensalism, infection and disease - factors facilitating microbial invasion
Sterilization and disinfection procedures - mechanism of action of disinfectants and main applications
Criteria for the collection and transport of biological samples for microbiological diagnosis in the laboratory - direct and indirect diagnosis of infection
Main direct and indirect microbiological investigations - diagnostic investigations in relation to the infection phase (recent, regressed and chronic infection) and to the therapeutic orientation (sensitivity tests for antimicrobial drugs)
Ultrastructure and functions of the different components of the bacterial cell, chemical composition and structure of the cell wall of Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria, reproduction.
Mechanism of action of antibacterial inhibitor drugs of cell wall synthesis, cytoplasmic membrane functions, protein and nucleic acid synthesis and microbial drug-resistance mechanisms
Morphology, ultrastructure and function of the components of the fungal cell, sexual and asexual reproduction - main antifungal drugs, mechanism of action and possible development of resistance
Morphology, relationship between structures and functions, and mode of reproduction of protozoa
Origin, organization and methods of replication of animal viruses - persistent, slow, latent viral infection - main antiviral drugs and mechanisms of action
Resident microbiota of the human body and composition in the various apparatuses
Characteristics of: Staphylococcus aureus, coagulase-negative staphylococci, Streptococcus spp, pathogenic Neisseria, Enterobacteria, sporigenic bacilli, Mycobacterium
Morphological, cultural and pathogenic characteristics of the main fungal agents with particular reference to Candida, Cryptococcus and Aspergillus
Notes on the main protozoa of human interest
The main agents of viral infections (Herpesviridae, Orthomyxoviridae, Paramyxoviridae, Picornaviridae retroviridae and hepatic viruses)
Nosocomial infections: definition, risk factors and main pathogens
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Eudes Lanciotti. Elementi di microbiologia clinica. Milano: Casa editrice Ambrosiana, 2017
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
Course syllabus
Basics of physics, principles of radiobiology
Radiation protection for operators
Diagnostic radiology: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Nuclear medicine: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Radiotherapy: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Cittadini, Cittadini, Sardanelli. Diagnostica per immagini e radioterapia. Milano: EDRA 2015
Clinical biochemistry and molecular biology
BIO/12 - CLINICAL BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY - University credits: 1
E-learning: 15 hours
Professor: Braga Federica
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
MED/36 - IMAGING AND RADIOTHERAPY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 15 hours
Professor: Secchi Francesco
Experimental medicine and pathophysiology
MED/04 - EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE AND PATHOPHYSIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 30 hours
Professor: Pastorelli Luca
Microbiology and clinical microbiology
MED/07 - MICROBIOLOGY AND CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 30 hours
Professor: Gaia Paola

Sezione: San Giuseppe

Teaching methods
The lessons will be held in-class and/or remotely through the online platforms provided by the University. The distance lessons will be held in synchronous (through Microsoft Teams platform) and/or asynchronous mode (through Power point with audio, video recording lessons, audio recording lessons, other).
Program and Bibliography
The program and the Bibliography will not be changed and remains as under-reported
Assessment methods and criteria
The exams will be carried out in-class and/or remotely . Oral exams will be carried out remotely using the Microsoft Teams platform or other online platforms provided by the University. The distance written exams will be carried out using the Exam.net platform or other platforms provided by the University according to the modalities illustrated on the web site http://www. unimi.it
Prerequisites for admission
There are no specific prerequisites other than those required for admission to the degree course.
Assessment methods and Criteria
La prova scritta prevede domande a risposta chiusa e/o aperta.
Clinical biochemistry and molecular biology
Course syllabus
Clinical biochemistry: introductions, purposes and definitions
Laboratory tests
Blood and urine sample
Other types of biological sample
Concept of total variability; biological variability and influencing factors
Patient preparation
Pre-analytical variability: sampling, storage, transport and delivery
Acceptance criteria for biological sample
Analytical variability
Types of errors. Reliability of dosage method
Quality checks
Post-analytical variability: reporting
Reference values
Analytical goals and critical difference
Logic diagnostic: clinical sensitivity and specificity, predictive values
Deepening of some topics chosen by the teacher (the role of the laboratory in situations like heart attack, diabetes, liver disease, dyslipidemia )
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Allan Gaw, Michael J. Murphy et al. Biochimica clinica. (3ed). Milano: Elsevier MASSON 2007
Eudes Lanciotti. Elementi di microbiologia clinica. Milano: Casa editrice Ambrosiana, 2017
Federici G. Medicina di laboratorio. Milano: McGraw Hill, 2014
Experimental medicine and pathophysiology
Course syllabus
Introduction of epigenetica
Disease concept: aetiology and pathogenesis
Cell pathology (necrosis and apoptosis)
Storage Disease (steatosis and amyloidosis)
Humoral and cellular immunology and immunopathology
Acute inflammation (margining and chemotaxis, phagocytosis, mediators of inflammation, systemic reactions)
Chronic inflammation
Wound healing
Pathogenetic and physiopathological causes and mechanisms of diseases: Diabetes, Anemias and red blood cell pathology, Pathology of blood coagulation
Atherosclerosis
Benign and malignant tumors, oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes, metastasis
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Pontieri GM. Elementi di Patologia generale e fisiopatologia generale. Per i corsi di laurea in professioni sanitarie. (4ed). Milano: Piccin, 2018
Microbiology and clinical microbiology
Course syllabus
The main differences of the cells of prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms about the structure, organization and methods of reproduction. Differences between microorganisms and viruses
Horizontal and vertical transmission of microorganism, viruses, and the importance of vehicles and carriers - main pathogenicity and virulence characteristics of microorganisms
Host-pathogen interaction: colonization, symbiosis, commensalism, infection and disease - factors facilitating microbial invasion
Sterilization and disinfection procedures - mechanism of action of disinfectants and main applications
Criteria for the collection and transport of biological samples for microbiological diagnosis in the laboratory - direct and indirect diagnosis of infection
Main direct and indirect microbiological investigations - diagnostic investigations in relation to the infection phase (recent, regressed and chronic infection) and to the therapeutic orientation (sensitivity tests for antimicrobial drugs)
Ultrastructure and functions of the different components of the bacterial cell, chemical composition and structure of the cell wall of Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria, reproduction.
Mechanism of action of antibacterial inhibitor drugs of cell wall synthesis, cytoplasmic membrane functions, protein and nucleic acid synthesis and microbial drug-resistance mechanisms
Morphology, ultrastructure and function of the components of the fungal cell, sexual and asexual reproduction - main antifungal drugs, mechanism of action and possible development of resistance
Morphology, relationship between structures and functions, and mode of reproduction of protozoa
Origin, organization and methods of replication of animal viruses - persistent, slow, latent viral infection - main antiviral drugs and mechanisms of action
Resident microbiota of the human body and composition in the various apparatuses
Characteristics of: Staphylococcus aureus, coagulase-negative staphylococci, Streptococcus spp, pathogenic Neisseria, Enterobacteria, sporigenic bacilli, Mycobacterium
Morphological, cultural and pathogenic characteristics of the main fungal agents with particular reference to Candida, Cryptococcus and Aspergillus
Notes on the main protozoa of human interest
The main agents of viral infections (Herpesviridae, Orthomyxoviridae, Paramyxoviridae, Picornaviridae retroviridae and hepatic viruses)
Nosocomial infections: definition, risk factors and main pathogens
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Eudes Lanciotti. Elementi di microbiologia clinica. Milano: Casa editrice Ambrosiana, 2017
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
Course syllabus
Basics of physics, principles of radiobiology
Radiation protection for operators
Diagnostic radiology: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Nuclear medicine: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Radiotherapy: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Cittadini, Cittadini, Sardanelli. Diagnostica per immagini e radioterapia. Milano: EDRA 2015
Clinical biochemistry and molecular biology
BIO/12 - CLINICAL BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY - University credits: 1
E-learning: 15 hours
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
MED/36 - IMAGING AND RADIOTHERAPY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 15 hours
Professor: Bestetti Alberto
Experimental medicine and pathophysiology
MED/04 - EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE AND PATHOPHYSIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 30 hours
Professor: Basilico Nicoletta
Microbiology and clinical microbiology
MED/07 - MICROBIOLOGY AND CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 30 hours
Professor: Deflorio Loredana

Sezione: San Paolo

Teaching methods
The lessons will be held in-class and/or remotely through the online platforms provided by the University. The distance lessons will be held in synchronous (through Microsoft Teams platform) and/or asynchronous mode (through Power point with audio, video recording lessons, audio recording lessons, other).
Program and Bibliography
The program and the Bibliography will not be changed and remains as under-reported
Assessment methods and criteria
The exams will be carried out in-class and/or remotely . Oral exams will be carried out remotely using the Microsoft Teams platform or other online platforms provided by the University. The distance written exams will be carried out using the Exam.net platform or other platforms provided by the University according to the modalities illustrated on the web site http://www. unimi.it
Prerequisites for admission
There are no specific prerequisites other than those required for admission to the degree course.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The written test includes closed and / or open-ended questions.
Clinical biochemistry and molecular biology
Course syllabus
Clinical biochemistry: introductions, purposes and definitions
Laboratory tests
Blood and urine sample
Other types of biological sample
Concept of total variability; biological variability and influencing factors
Patient preparation
Pre-analytical variability: sampling, storage, transport and delivery
Acceptance criteria for biological sample
Analytical variability
Types of errors. Reliability of dosage method
Quality checks
Post-analytical variability: reporting
Reference values
Analytical goals and critical difference
Logic diagnostic: clinical sensitivity and specificity, predictive values
Deepening of some topics chosen by the teacher (the role of the laboratory in situations like heart attack, diabetes, liver disease, dyslipidemia )
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Allan Gaw, Michael J. Murphy et al. Biochimica clinica. (3ed). Milano: Elsevier MASSON 2007
Eudes Lanciotti. Elementi di microbiologia clinica. Milano: Casa editrice Ambrosiana, 2017
Federici G. Medicina di laboratorio. Milano: McGraw Hill, 2014
Experimental medicine and pathophysiology
Course syllabus
Introduction of epigenetica
Disease concept: aetiology and pathogenesis
Cell pathology (necrosis and apoptosis)
Storage Disease (steatosis and amyloidosis)
Humoral and cellular immunology and immunopathology
Acute inflammation (margining and chemotaxis, phagocytosis, mediators of inflammation, systemic reactions)
Chronic inflammation
Wound healing
Pathogenetic and physiopathological causes and mechanisms of diseases: Diabetes, Anemias and red blood cell pathology, Pathology of blood coagulation
Atherosclerosis
Benign and malignant tumors, oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes, metastasis
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Pontieri GM. Elementi di Patologia generale e fisiopatologia generale. Per i corsi di laurea in professioni sanitarie. (4ed). Milano: Piccin, 2018
Microbiology and clinical microbiology
Course syllabus
The main differences of the cells of prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms about the structure, organization and methods of reproduction. Differences between microorganisms and viruses
Horizontal and vertical transmission of microorganism, viruses, and the importance of vehicles and carriers - main pathogenicity and virulence characteristics of microorganisms
Host-pathogen interaction: colonization, symbiosis, commensalism, infection and disease - factors facilitating microbial invasion
Sterilization and disinfection procedures - mechanism of action of disinfectants and main applications
Criteria for the collection and transport of biological samples for microbiological diagnosis in the laboratory - direct and indirect diagnosis of infection
Main direct and indirect microbiological investigations - diagnostic investigations in relation to the infection phase (recent, regressed and chronic infection) and to the therapeutic orientation (sensitivity tests for antimicrobial drugs)
Ultrastructure and functions of the different components of the bacterial cell, chemical composition and structure of the cell wall of Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria, reproduction.
Mechanism of action of antibacterial inhibitor drugs of cell wall synthesis, cytoplasmic membrane functions, protein and nucleic acid synthesis and microbial drug-resistance mechanisms
Morphology, ultrastructure and function of the components of the fungal cell, sexual and asexual reproduction - main antifungal drugs, mechanism of action and possible development of resistance
Morphology, relationship between structures and functions, and mode of reproduction of protozoa
Origin, organization and methods of replication of animal viruses - persistent, slow, latent viral infection - main antiviral drugs and mechanisms of action
Resident microbiota of the human body and composition in the various apparatuses
Characteristics of: Staphylococcus aureus, coagulase-negative staphylococci, Streptococcus spp, pathogenic Neisseria, Enterobacteria, sporigenic bacilli, Mycobacterium
Morphological, cultural and pathogenic characteristics of the main fungal agents with particular reference to Candida, Cryptococcus and Aspergillus
Notes on the main protozoa of human interest
The main agents of viral infections (Herpesviridae, Orthomyxoviridae, Paramyxoviridae, Picornaviridae retroviridae and hepatic viruses)
Nosocomial infections: definition, risk factors and main pathogens
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Eudes Lanciotti. Elementi di microbiologia clinica. Milano: Casa editrice Ambrosiana, 2017
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
Course syllabus
Basics of physics, principles of radiobiology
Radiation protection for operators
Diagnostic radiology: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Nuclear medicine: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Radiotherapy: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Cittadini, Cittadini, Sardanelli. Diagnostica per immagini e radioterapia. Milano: EDRA 2015
Clinical biochemistry and molecular biology
BIO/12 - CLINICAL BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY - University credits: 1
E-learning: 15 hours
Professor: Barassi Alessandra
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
MED/36 - IMAGING AND RADIOTHERAPY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 15 hours
Professor: Mauri Giovanni
Experimental medicine and pathophysiology
MED/04 - EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE AND PATHOPHYSIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 30 hours
Professor: Scita Giorgio
Microbiology and clinical microbiology
MED/07 - MICROBIOLOGY AND CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 30 hours
Professor: Borghi Elisa

Sezione: Tumori

Teaching methods
The lessons will be held in-class and/or remotely through the online platforms provided by the University. The distance lessons will be held in synchronous (through Microsoft Teams platform) and/or asynchronous mode (through Power point with audio, video recording lessons, audio recording lessons, other).
Program and Bibliography
The program and the Bibliography will not be changed and remains as under-reported
Assessment methods and criteria
The exams will be carried out in-class and/or remotely . Oral exams will be carried out remotely using the Microsoft Teams platform or other online platforms provided by the University. The distance written exams will be carried out using the Exam.net platform or other platforms provided by the University according to the modalities illustrated on the web site http://www. unimi.it
Prerequisites for admission
There are no specific prerequisites other than those required for admission to the degree course.
Assessment methods and Criteria
The written test includes closed and / or open-ended questions.
Clinical biochemistry and molecular biology
Course syllabus
Clinical biochemistry: introductions, purposes and definitions
Laboratory tests
Blood and urine sample
Other types of biological sample
Concept of total variability; biological variability and influencing factors
Patient preparation
Pre-analytical variability: sampling, storage, transport and delivery
Acceptance criteria for biological sample
Analytical variability
Types of errors. Reliability of dosage method
Quality checks
Post-analytical variability: reporting
Reference values
Analytical goals and critical difference
Logic diagnostic: clinical sensitivity and specificity, predictive values
Deepening of some topics chosen by the teacher (the role of the laboratory in situations like heart attack, diabetes, liver disease, dyslipidemia )
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Allan Gaw, Michael J. Murphy et al. Biochimica clinica. (3ed). Milano: Elsevier MASSON 2007
Eudes Lanciotti. Elementi di microbiologia clinica. Milano: Casa editrice Ambrosiana, 2017
Federici G. Medicina di laboratorio. Milano: McGraw Hill, 2014
Experimental medicine and pathophysiology
Course syllabus
Introduction of epigenetica
Disease concept: aetiology and pathogenesis
Cell pathology (necrosis and apoptosis)
Storage Disease (steatosis and amyloidosis)
Humoral and cellular immunology and immunopathology
Acute inflammation (margining and chemotaxis, phagocytosis, mediators of inflammation, systemic reactions)
Chronic inflammation
Wound healing
Pathogenetic and physiopathological causes and mechanisms of diseases: Diabetes, Anemias and red blood cell pathology, Pathology of blood coagulation
Atherosclerosis
Benign and malignant tumors, oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes, metastasis
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Pontieri GM. Elementi di Patologia generale e fisiopatologia generale. Per i corsi di laurea in professioni sanitarie. (4ed). Milano: Piccin, 2018
Microbiology and clinical microbiology
Course syllabus
The main differences of the cells of prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms about the structure, organization and methods of reproduction. Differences between microorganisms and viruses
Horizontal and vertical transmission of microorganism, viruses, and the importance of vehicles and carriers - main pathogenicity and virulence characteristics of microorganisms
Host-pathogen interaction: colonization, symbiosis, commensalism, infection and disease - factors facilitating microbial invasion
Sterilization and disinfection procedures - mechanism of action of disinfectants and main applications
Criteria for the collection and transport of biological samples for microbiological diagnosis in the laboratory - direct and indirect diagnosis of infection
Main direct and indirect microbiological investigations - diagnostic investigations in relation to the infection phase (recent, regressed and chronic infection) and to the therapeutic orientation (sensitivity tests for antimicrobial drugs)
Ultrastructure and functions of the different components of the bacterial cell, chemical composition and structure of the cell wall of Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria, reproduction.
Mechanism of action of antibacterial inhibitor drugs of cell wall synthesis, cytoplasmic membrane functions, protein and nucleic acid synthesis and microbial drug-resistance mechanisms
Morphology, ultrastructure and function of the components of the fungal cell, sexual and asexual reproduction - main antifungal drugs, mechanism of action and possible development of resistance
Morphology, relationship between structures and functions, and mode of reproduction of protozoa
Origin, organization and methods of replication of animal viruses - persistent, slow, latent viral infection - main antiviral drugs and mechanisms of action
Resident microbiota of the human body and composition in the various apparatuses
Characteristics of: Staphylococcus aureus, coagulase-negative staphylococci, Streptococcus spp, pathogenic Neisseria, Enterobacteria, sporigenic bacilli, Mycobacterium
Morphological, cultural and pathogenic characteristics of the main fungal agents with particular reference to Candida, Cryptococcus and Aspergillus
Notes on the main protozoa of human interest
The main agents of viral infections (Herpesviridae, Orthomyxoviridae, Paramyxoviridae, Picornaviridae retroviridae and hepatic viruses)
Nosocomial infections: definition, risk factors and main pathogens
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Eudes Lanciotti. Elementi di microbiologia clinica. Milano: Casa editrice Ambrosiana, 2017
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
Course syllabus
Basics of physics, principles of radiobiology
Radiation protection for operators
Diagnostic radiology: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Nuclear medicine: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Radiotherapy: therapeutic indications and contraindications; radiation protection for patients
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Cittadini, Cittadini, Sardanelli. Diagnostica per immagini e radioterapia. Milano: EDRA 2015
Clinical biochemistry and molecular biology
BIO/12 - CLINICAL BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY - University credits: 1
E-learning: 15 hours
Professor: Paleari Renata
Diagnostic imaging and radiotherapy
MED/36 - IMAGING AND RADIOTHERAPY - University credits: 1
Lessons: 15 hours
Professor: Mauri Giovanni
Experimental medicine and pathophysiology
MED/04 - EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE AND PATHOPHYSIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 30 hours
Professor: Recalcati Stefania
Microbiology and clinical microbiology
MED/07 - MICROBIOLOGY AND CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY - University credits: 2
Lessons: 30 hours