Rationing of livestock

A.Y. 2020/2021
Overall hours
Learning objectives
The objectives of the integrated course are to deepen and consolidate the knowledge for the development of rationing plans in monogastric and ruminant animals with particular reference to health promotion, environmental and economic sustainability
Expected learning outcomes
Learning outcomes refer to the acquisition of skills related to animal nutrition and dietary approach. The student must be able to combine the skills acquired in the 3 modules in a systematic and organic way for the development of animal diets in the different areas in which he will operate.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Lesson period
Second semester
During the emergency teaching phase, lectures will take place on Microsoft Teams in synchronous mode at established times and will be recorded and available on the platform itself in asynchronous mode.
The course will alternate different teaching techniques: lectures, exercises (feed formulation, journal club, data base consultation) and seminars. Lessons may also include pre-recorded materials. Educational outings will be replaced by remote seminars.
The program will remain unchanged, however the content of the individual lectures could be modified according to the teaching methods described above. Reference materials are unchanged. The teaching material will be uploaded to Ariel. The methods for verifying learning and the assessment criteria will not be subject to changes, it being understood that the exam will take place in person in writing or through the platforms made available by the University according to the directives in force at the time of the exam.
Course syllabus
Didactic unit: Ruminant feeding
Diets formulation and digestive process in polygastic animals (2 hour)
Feed characteristics, practical use and related problems (2 hours)
Diet formulation: from basic calculation to PC elaboration (2 hours)
Practical diet formulation in lactating cow (4 hours)
Practical diet formulation in cattle (4 hours)
Practical diet formulation in lactating buffalo (1 hours)
Practical diet formulation in veal calf (1 hours)
Practical traing:
Manual and PC diets formulation (8 hours)
Practical training in livestock farm (8 hours)

Didactic unit: monogastric feeding
Pigs Feed Formulation:
Precision nutrition for modern sow genotypes (2 hours)
Nutritional strategies for gastrointestinal health during weaning (2 hours)
Diet formulation with non-conventional raw materials (2 hours)
Role of nutrition in reducing environmental impact (2 hours)
Poultry Feed Formulation:
Nutritional requirements of domestic fowl (2 hours)
Feeding programs (1 hour)
Influence of diet on meat and egg quality (2 hours)
Rabbit Feed Formulation
Nutritional requirements of rabbits and feeding system for intensive production (2 hours)
Influence of diet on rabbit meat quality (1 hour)
Practical activity
Least cost feed formulation computer optimization for pigs (6 hours)
Least cost feed formulation computer optimization of poultry (4 hours)
Least cost feed formulation computer optimization of rabbit (2 hours)
Practical training at livestock farm (4 hours)
Semoinars with industry professionals

Didactic unit: Dietology
Optimal nutrition in FPA (2 h)
Nutrition and metabolic health (1 h)
Nutrition and Production diseases in farm animals (4 h)
Nutrition and animal product quality (2h)
Bioaccessability, bio availability, and biomarkers in nutritional status assessment (2 h)
Technological quality and its impact on nutrition (2 h)
Alternative feed ingredients nutritional and functional evaluation (3 h)
Practical activity
Journal club
Database consultation
Technical visit
Prerequisites for admission
Preliminary knowledge to deal with the contents of the course are biochemistry, physiology and animal nutrition
Teaching methods
The course includes lectures and exercise activities aimed at the development of rations and feed for farm animals, as well as the evaluation of dietary interventions and solutions aimed at improving health and production. There will also be visits to farms and industrial plants for the production of industrial food as well as meetings with professional experts in the sector.
Teaching Resources
Teaching material provided by the teacher on the Ariel platform
We also recommend consulting the following texts:
Alimentazione della vacca da latte. Dell'Orto e Savoini, Ed. Edagricole
Prontuario alimenti per il suino (Cevolani D., Ed.), Edagricole, Bologna

Nutrient Requirement of Swine, Eleventh Revised Edition, The National Academies Press, 2012.
Nutritional Guide of Poultry (Hubbard, Cobb, Ross) (disponibile su internet)
Large Animal Clinical Nutrition (1991) Jonathan M. Naylor, Sarah L. Ralston
Production diseases in farm animals (2006) Nanda P. Joshi and Thomas H. Herdt
Assessment methods and Criteria
Verifications of ongoing learning are foreseen through practical tests to control the learning process and a final to verify the skills acquired at the end of the teaching units through a written test with open and closed questions (multiple choice) both theoretical and practical. The Polygastric Rationing module provides for the development of a ration as a final test
AGR/18 - ANIMAL NUTRITION AND FEEDING - University credits: 3
Practicals: 16 hours
Lessons: 16 hours
Monogastric Feed Formulation
AGR/18 - ANIMAL NUTRITION AND FEEDING - University credits: 3
Practicals: 16 hours
Lessons: 16 hours
Professor: Bontempo Valentino
Professor: Bontempo Valentino
Professor: Rossi Luciana
Ruminants Feed Formulation
AGR/18 - ANIMAL NUTRITION AND FEEDING - University credits: 3
Practicals: 16 hours
Lessons: 16 hours