History of Classical German Philosophy

A.Y. 2021/2022
9
Max ECTS
60
Overall hours
SSD
M-FIL/06
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The course, which belongs to the area of History of Philosophy, contributes to an in-depth critical knowledge of the history of philosophy from the Antiquity to contemporary debates. Aim of the course is to develop a systematic, in-depth knowledge of significant moments of the philosophical debates in Germany between the late 18th and the 19th century, especially from Kant to Hegel, through a critical engagement with both primary texts and the relevant secondary literature, also with regard to the impact on later philosophical views.
Expected learning outcomes
Knowledge and understanding
At the end of the course, the student
- understands the vocabulary and knows the methods, the aims and the main subjects of German classical philosophy;
- masters a systematic and in-depth knowledge of the main strands in German classical philosophy, based on the study of primary and secondary literature;
- has a philologically well-grounded knowledge of the sources of the texts s/he deals with;
- understands the historical and philosophical meaning of the texts (read also in their original language);
- understands the diverse interpretive takes on the primary sources;
- has proficient knowledge of the bibliographic resources and methodological tools for research on German classical philosophy.

Ability to apply knowledge and understanding
At the end of the course, the student
- can soundly and adequately make use of the knowledge of the vocabulary, methods, and the main subjects of German classical philosophy;
- can critically apply the acquired knowledge to historical contextualisation of authors and texts;
- is able to apply the acquired knowledge on the historical development of the argumentative forms and traditions of thought to the analysis of new texts and philosophical views;
- is able to acknowledge the transformation of classical paradigms, traditions and perspectives;
- can confidently and independently apply various interpretations to different topics and new problems;
- masters the methodological and bibliographic tools of historical-philosophical research to produce original research and discuss the results obtained in presenting them to others, both specialists and non-specialists.
Course syllabus and organization

[A-L]

Responsible
Lesson period
First semester
During the ongoing COVID-19 emergency, the course syllabus will be maintained with the following changes made to enhance the effectiveness of the online version of the course, which was originally designed for face-to-face teaching.
The lessons will be held in dual mode. The face-to-face lessons will allow the participation of students connected with MSTeams as well as students in the classroom.
The recordings of the lessons will remain available until the Monday of the following week.

Online environments used:
Ariel: https://sbacinsfctal.ariel.ctu.unimi.it/v5/Home/
Teams: keycode uigwpm2


Students wishing to participate in face-to-face lessons must refer to the following University provisions: https://www.unimi.it/en/study/bachelor-and-master-study/following-your-…

Students wishing to participate in MSTeams lessons must refer to the following technical guides: https://www.unimi.it/en/study/student-services/technology-and-online-se…
To participate in the exam sessions, students must refer to the following provisions:
https://www.unimi.it/en/study/bachelor-and-master-study/following-your-…
Course syllabus
In German classical philosophy, the metaphilosophical discussions on the aims, the shape and the distinctive tools of philosophy played an especially crucial role. In this regard, the thought that philosophy should unfold taking the shape of a system was an especially prominent issue. The class shall examine the main steps and positions in that debate. After presenting the growing importance of the notion of system in pre-Kantian philosophy, the class shall first consider Kant's view on systematicity as a requirement for philosophy and science. Then the class shall examine the developments of an (alleged) Kantian outlook in Reinhold's elementary philosophy and Fichte's Wissenschaftslehre, along with Jacobi's radical rejection of any systematicity in philosophy. Finally, after Schelling's further elaboration of the notion of a system, Hegel's way towards an original "system of pure reason" will be presented.
Prerequisites for admission
A good knowledge of the history of philosophy, with special regard to modern philosophy, as is provided by the B.A. philosophy course.
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons, with PowerPoint presentations, mainly focused on introducing and commenting the texts included in the course programme.
Seminar discussions with brief presentation by the students.
Writing exercise.
Teaching Resources
For both 6 and 9 cfu the following literature is requested:

I. Kant, Kritik der reinen Vernunft, hrsg. v. J. Timmermann, Hamburg, Meiner, 1998. English translation: Critique of Pure Reason, ed. by P. Guyer and A. Wood, Cambridge University Press, 2004 (available online with Unimi access: https://www-cambridge-org.pros.lib.unimi.it/core/books/critique-of-pure…): Appendix to the Transcendental Dialectic and Architectonic of Pure Reason.
I. Kant, Erste Einleitung in die Kritik der Urteilskraft, in Gesammelte Schriften, Berlin, De Gruyter, vol. XX. English translation in Critique of the Power of Judgment, ed. by P. Guyer, Cambridge University Press (available online with Unimi access: https://www-cambridge-org.pros.lib.unimi.it/core/books/critique-of-the-…): §§ I-IV e XI.
K.L. Reinhold, Über das Fundament des philosophischen Wissens, hrsg. v. W.H. Schrader, Hamburg, Meiner, 1978. Partial English translation, The Foundation of Philosophical Knowledge, in Between Kant and Hegel: Texts in the Development of Post-Kantian Idealism, ed. by G. di Giovanni and H.S. Harris, Albany, SUNY Press, 1985, 52-106.
J.G. Fichte, Über den Begriff der Wissenschaftslehre, in Fichtes Werke, hrsg. v. I.H. Fichte, Berlin, De Gruyter, 1971, vol. 1. English translation in Early Philosophical Writings, ed. by D. Breazeale, Ithaca, Cornell University Press, 1993.
J.G. Fichte, Erste Einleitung in die Wissenschaftslehre and Zweite Einleitung in die Wissenschaftslehre, in Fichtes Werke, hrsg. v. I.H. Fichte, Berlin, De Gruyter, 1971, vol. 1. English translation in: Introductions to the Wissenschaftslehre and Other Writings, ed. by D. Breazeale, Indianapolis, Hackett, 1994.
F.H. Jacobi, Jacobi an Fichte, in David Hume über den Glauben oder Idealismus und Realismus. Ein Gespräch (1787): Jacobi an Fichte (1799), Hamburg, Meiner, 2019. English translation in The Main Philosophical Writings and the Novel Allwill, ed. by George di Giovanni, Montreal, McGill-Queen's University Press, 1994: 495-527.
For 9 cfu the following additional titles are also mandatory:
F.W.J. Schelling, System des transzendentalen Idealismus, hrsg. v. Horst D. Brandt u.a., Hamburg, Meiner, 2000 (o altra edizione originale). English translation: System of Transcendental Idealism, ed. by P. Heath, University Press of Virginia, 1978: Foreword and Section I.
G.W.F. Hegel, Differenz des Fichteschen und Schellingschen Systems der Philosophie, in Jenaer Kritische Schriften (I), hrsg. v. H. Brockard u. H. Buchner, Hamburg, Meiner 1979. English translation: The Difference Between Fichte's and Schelling's System of Philosophy, ed. by H.S. Harris and W. Cerf, Albany, State University of New York Press, 1977: Introductory section.
G.W.F. Hegel, Wissenschaft der Logik, I, hrsg. v. H.-J. Gawoll, Hamburg Meiner, 1999. English translation: The Science of Logic, ed. by G. di Giovanni, Cambridge University Press, 2010: Introduction.
G.W.F. Hegel, "Berliner Antrittsrede", in Berliner Schriften (1818-1831), hrsg. v. W. Jaeschke, Hamburg, Meiner, 1997.
G.W.F. Hegel, Enzyklöpadie der philosophischen Wissenschaften im Grundrisse, hrsg. v. Fr. Nicolin u. O. Pöggeler, Hamburg, Meiner, 1991. English translation: Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences in Basic Outline. Part 1: Logic, ed. by K. Brinkmann and D. O. Dahlstrom, Cambridge University Press, 2010: §§ 1-18 and §§ 236-244.
A. Nuzzo, "Transcendental Philosophy, Method, and System in Kant, Fichte, and Hegel", in Fichte and Transcendental Philosophy, ed. by T. Rockmore and D. Breazeale, Palgrave Macmillan, 2014, 58-68.
NB: The programme includes the texts given in the Powerpoint slides that are presented in class and will be available on the Ariel website of the class. 


For non-attending students:

besides the literature listed above the following book is also mandatory (both for 6 and for 9 cfu):
T. Pinkard, German Philosophy, 1760-1860: The legacy of Idealism, Cambridge University Press, 2002.
Assessment methods and Criteria
Oral exams, which will cover the topics of the class and the texts included in the programme.
Oral exams will also deal with a brief paper (max. 20000 characters long), in which the student shall deal with one of the texts included in the programme, as per the instructions given in class or otherwise agreed with the instructor.
The students will send their papers to the instructor at least five working days before the date of the exam in order to enlist for the oral exam.
Unita' didattica
M-FIL/06 - HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY - University credits: 3
Lessons: 20 hours
Unita' didattica
M-FIL/06 - HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY - University credits: 3
Lessons: 20 hours
Unita' didattica
M-FIL/06 - HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY - University credits: 3
Lessons: 20 hours

[M-Z]

Lesson period
First semester
During the ongoing covid emergency, the course syllabus will be maintained with the following changes made to enhance the effectiveness of the online version of the course, which was originally designed for face-to-face teaching.
The lessons will be held in dual mode. The face-to-face lessons will allow the participation of students connected with MSTeams as well as students in the classroom.
The recordings of the lessons will remain available until the end of the lessons

Online environments used:
Ariel
https://pgiordanettisfctmz.ariel.ctu.unimi.it/

Teams https://teams.microsoft.com/l/team/19%3a4cDIUi7l9RVj0QECsAUBsPO7qHJh4Cd…

Codice Teams: zv7vabu

Students wishing to participate in face-to-face lessons must refer to the following University provisions: https://www.unimi.it/en/study/bachelor-and-master-study/following-your-…

Students wishing to participate in MSTeams lessons must refer to the following technical guides: https://www.unimi.it/en/study/student-services/technology-and-online-se…
To participate in the exam sessions, students must refer to the following provisions:
https://www.unimi.it/en/study/bachelor-and-master-study/following-your-…
Course syllabus
The course will interpret the first part of Kant's Critique of Judgment, the Critique of Aesthetic Judgment. The interpretation will refer to the Analytics of beauty, the Analytics of the sublime and the Deduction, the par. 39-54, the Dialectic and the Methodology of taste.
Prerequisites for admission
No previous knowledge is required
Teaching methods
Frontal lessons
Teaching Resources
Attending and non attending students
Franco Restaino, Kant e la fondazione dell'estetica, in Id., Storia dell'estetica moderna, Torino, Utet, 1991, pp. 90-113,
Otfried Hoeffe, Immanuel Kant, Bologna, Il Mulino
Massimo Luigi Bianchi, Commento alla Critica della facoltà di giudizio di Kant, Firenze, Le Monnier.

Attending students 6 e 9 cfu
I. Kant, Critica del Giudizio, Milano, Bompiani, 2004, par. 1-21

Attending studentsi 6 e 9 Cfu
I. Kant, Critica del Giudizio, Milano, Bompiani, 2004, Par. 22-38

Studenti frequentanti 9 cfu
I. Kant, Critica del Giudizio, Milano, Bompiani, 2004, Par. 39-54, 55-60.

Studenti non frequentanti 6 cfu
aggiungono:
Luigi Pareyson, Estetica dell'idealismo tedesco. I. Kant e Schiller a cura di U. Perone, vol. 7 delle "Opere Complete di Luigi Pareyson", Milano, Mursia, 2005, pp. 11-160.

Studenti non frequentanti 9 cfu aggiungono al programma per studenti non frequentanti 6 cfu:

E. Cassirer, Vita e dottrina di Kant, Firenze, La Nuova Italia, 1977, pp. 365-398 oppure F. Salza, Lettura della Critica del giudizio di Kant, Torino, Utet, 1996, pp. 1-89.
Assessment methods and Criteria
Assessment methods and Criteria
The exam consists of an oral test, an interview aimed at ascertaining students' knowledge of the topics of the program. The student has to show a knowledge of the text and the theory, and the ability to apply knowledge for autonomous criticism of texts and interpretations. These methods are valid for all students.
Unita' didattica
M-FIL/06 - HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY - University credits: 3
Lessons: 20 hours
Unita' didattica
M-FIL/06 - HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY - University credits: 3
Lessons: 20 hours
Unita' didattica
M-FIL/06 - HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY - University credits: 3
Lessons: 20 hours
Professor(s)
Reception:
Friday, 12-15. Suspended until 10.9.21
Microsoft Teams