Development and Protection of Mountain Environment

Development and Protection of Mountain Environment
Course sheet
A.Y. 2021/2022
L-25 - Agriculture and forestry industry
Limited enrollment with admission test
Course location
Edolo (BS)
The goal of the Undergraduate Programme in Conservation and sustainable development of mountain areas (Class L-25) is to provide a strong basic knowledge, preparatory to the Master Degree Course, and to provide professional skills in the main fields of agricultural and forest sciences.
Graduates will be able to deal with technical, management and professional activities typical of agricultural and forest systems and the related technologies. They will be able to:
- manage and provide technical assistance to typical mountain farms based on integrated agriculture, grazing, dairy, forestry and agri-tourism;
- manage and develop mountain territories in a long-term sustainability perspective
They will be able to work at European and extra-European levels, communicating in English and organising and transferring data and information.
The graduated is a specialised professional to operate in the fields of the protection and valorisation of territory and natural resources, of the crop and animal production and related food and non-food products, of the mountain territory.
In particular, the sectors of activity, both as an entrepreneur or employer in private companies or public bodies, are:
- crop and animal production,
- forestry,
- land protection design,
- technical assistance to farmers,
- public administration officers,
- high school teaching.
After the graduation, further professional certifications are allowed: junior agronomist/forester (Section B, according to the Italian law), qualified agricultural technician.

Employment statistics (Almalaurea)
The Degree course in Improvement and Protection of Mountain Environments offers ample opportunity to study abroad, mainly through the Erasmus + programme involving approximately 30 universities throughout the European Union and the Swiss Mobility Programme. Each year about 5 students choose to spend a period of study/work at these universities. Any specific sectors of the degree course can be developed at partner universities. In general, students who benefit from this opportunity tend to take courses that broaden their scientific knowledge, and to carry out internships or theses in well-known laboratories. A learning agreement, defining the choice of exams and the organization of the internship at the partner university, is drawn up in collaboration with the Erasmus coordinator of the degree course. Before completing the learning agreement, students must obtain formal approval of the examinations to be taken at the host university from lecturers who hold equivalent or similar courses at the University of Milan. The examination grades and the relative credits obtained at partner universities are recognized almost entirely, so students can be sure that results obtained in the host university will then be positively evaluated in their study curriculum. There are also other opportunities for cultural exchanges with Universities that have established agreements with our University but are not part of the Erasmus system. These belong to non-EU areas such as China, Japan, Latin America. Moreover, the extensive network of collaboration and contacts involving most mountain stakeholders at local, regional, national and international levels active at the UNIMONT centre allows the organization of seminars and activities that offer students a unique opportunity to get in touch with the "innovation ecosystem" of European mountain areas, and therefore with the main actors and best practices active at an international level.

Course attendance is strongly recommended.


Admission requirements

Applicants to the degree programme must hold a secondary-school diploma, or other equivalent qualification, and a baseline of knowledge in scientific subjects (mathematics, chemistry, physics and biology).

Admission assessment

Admission into the Bachelor's degree programme is capped in order to meet high-quality teaching standards relative to the available resources. There are 75 places available for enrolment in the first year, plus 5 places for non-EU students residing abroad.

Access to the programme is regulated by a compulsory, selective test to ascertain that the candidate meets admission requirements, i.e. knowledge of key science subjects as provided by secondary school, and an understanding of elementary logic.

The test required for admission into the degree programme is TOLC-AV, an online test provided by the Consortium of Inter-University Integrated Access Systems (CISIA -

For test topics and details, please review the page

You may sit for the TOLC-AV test at the University of Milan or any other member university of CISIA.

The calendar with available venues and dates is posted to the page

Registration procedures and deadlines are set out in the call for applications posted to the page

Only students high enough in the merit ranking will be eligible for enrolment.

Admission of transfer or graduate students

Transfer students from a degree programme of the University of Milan, or another university, and graduate students will be waived from the test only if admitted to years subsequent to the first.

To this end, they will have to submit a specific request for prior assessment of their academic career using the online service stated in the call for applications.

These candidates must provide a full transcript of records (listing exams, subject areas, credits, grades) and attach the course syllabi. For more details, please refer to the call for applications.

The request for career assessment must be submitted by June 10, 2021.

The outcome will be notified via e-mail by July 15, 2021.

Students admitted to the first year will be required to take the test and register for the call.

Additional learning requirements (OFA) and remedial activities

Students who are admitted with a score lower than or equal to 4 in the Mathematics section of the TOLC-AV test will have to fulfil additional learning requirements (OFA). Remedial activities will be organized for students with OFA (in the period October-December), both as online exercises on an e-learning platform and as discussion sessions with a tutor. After participating in remedial activities, new students will have to take a final assessment test. Mathematics OFA are prerequisites for all second- and third-year exams. For students who have not passed the OFA final test during the first year, passing the Mathematics exam is a prerequisite for all second- and third-year exams. Learn more at

Places available: 75 + 5 reserved for non-EU citizens

Call for applications

Please refer to the call for admission test dates and contents, and how to register.

Application for admission: from 01/07/2021 to 08/09/2021

Application for matriculation: from 13/09/2021 to 20/09/2021

Read the Call

Programme description and courses list
First semester
Courses or activities ECTS Total hours Language SSD
Computer knowledge and e-skills 6 64 Italian
General and inorganic chemistry 6 60 Italian CHIM/03
Mathematics 6 72 Italian MAT/01 MAT/09
Second semester
Courses or activities ECTS Total hours Language SSD
Animal and plant biology 12 116 Italian BIO/03 BIO/05
- Animal biology4
- Plant biology8
Essentials of economics 6 48 Italian AGR/01
Organic chemistry 6 56 Italian CHIM/06
Physics 6 60 Italian FIS/07
Open sessions
There are no specific sessions for these activities (e.g. open online courses).
Courses or activities ECTS Total hours Language SSD
English assessment B1 (3 ECTS) 3 0 Italian
First semester
Courses or activities ECTS Total hours Language SSD
Agricultural and forestry mechanization 6 56 Italian AGR/09
Agronomy for mountain areas 12 112 Italian AGR/02 AGR/13
- Agronomia e coltivazioni erbacee in ambito montano8
- Chimica del suolo4
Principles of physiological and metabolic processes in agriculture 10 88 Italian AGR/13 AGR/16
- Biochimica e fisiologia vegetale6
- Microbiologia agraria4
Second semester
Courses or activities ECTS Total hours Language SSD
Forestry 8 80 Italian AGR/05
Fruit tree production 8 80 Italian AGR/03
Geopedology 8 80 Italian AGR/14 GEO/04
- Elementi di geografia fisica e geomorfologia4
- Pedologia4
Rural buildings and land survey 8 80 Italian AGR/10
Open sessions
There are no specific sessions for these activities (e.g. open online courses).
Courses or activities ECTS Total hours Language SSD
Stage 6 0 Italian
First semester
Courses or activities ECTS Total hours Language SSD
Environmental and Forest Surveying and Economics 8 80 Italian AGR/01
- Unit 14
- Unit 24
Livestock Farming in Mountain Areas 12 116 Italian AGR/19 VET/01
- Elementi di anatomia e fisiologia degli animali domestici4
- Tecniche di allevamento8
Plant diseases 8 76 Italian AGR/11 AGR/12
- Entomologia agraria e forestale4
- Patologia agraria e forestale4
Processing of agri-food products 7 56 Italian AGR/15
Second semester
Courses or activities ECTS Total hours Language SSD
Soil conservation in mountain watersheds 8 80 Italian AGR/08
Conclusive activities
There are no specific sessions for these activities (e.g. open online courses).
Courses or activities ECTS Total hours Language SSD
Final exam 4 0 Italian
First semester
Courses or activities ECTS Total hours Language SSD
Renewable energies in mountain areas 4 32 Italian AGR/09
Second semester
Courses or activities ECTS Total hours Language SSD
Policies and legislation for mountain areas 3 24 Italian IUS/09
Wildlife management 4 40 Italian AGR/19
Study plan rules
- Lo studente ha a disposizione 16 CFU da destinare ad attività formative a libera scelta. Tali attività devono risultare coerenti con il progetto formativo del laureato in Valorizzazione e Tutela dell'Ambiente e del Territorio Montano. Lo studente potrà acquisire i CFU a scelta libera scegliendo tra gli insegnamenti offerti dall'Università degli Studi di Milano oppure seguendo con profitto seminari, convegni, corsi di aggiornamento od altre attività organizzate dall'Ateneo o da un altro Ente, sempre dopo parere favorevole del Collegio Didattico.
Il Collegio Didattico propone, nella tabella sottostante, alcune attività formative organizzate presso il Polo di Edolo, alle quali si aggiungono attività a carattere seminariale e laboratori integrati su temi specifici, coordinati con l'attività di tirocinio e finalizzati alla stesura dell'elaborato finale.
Courses or activities ECTS Total hours Language Lesson period SSD
Renewable energies in mountain areas 4 32 Italian First semester AGR/09
Policies and legislation for mountain areas 3 24 Italian Second semester IUS/09
Wildlife management 4 40 Italian Second semester AGR/19
Learn more
Edolo (BS)
Head of study programme
Quality Assurance Delegate

The tuition fees for students enrolled in Bachelor's, Master's and single-cycle degree programmes are divided into two instalments with different calculation methods and payment schedules:

  • The amount of the first instalment is the same for all students
  • The amount of the second instalment varies according to the ISEE University value, the degree programme and the student status (on track / off track for one year or off track for more than a year) 
  • An additional fee is due for online programmes

The University also offers:

  • Concessions for students meeting high merit requirements
  • Diversified tuition fees according to the student's home country for international students with assets/income abroad
  • Concessions for international students with refugee status

Scholarships and benefits

The University provides a range of financial benefits to students meeting special requirements (merit, financial or personal conditions, international students).

Learn more