The University of Milan works in the interest of public health through clinical research and scientific-academic collaborations with hospitals in its network. Clinical research conducted at the University may aim to develop a marketable product when funded by private companies; on the other hand, the non-profit clinical research represents a more direct contribution by the University to public health.
Guided by the sole clinical interest in improving patient wellbeing and life expectancy, this is often the sole research outfit to focus on rare, paediatric, or neglected diseases (areas which are notoriously short on funds).
Research at the University takes place through patient engagement and empowerment, involving them in the decision-making processes for clinical trials, studies on medical devices, non-interventionist studies, and other similarly important clinical activities.
As part of its public-health-oriented activities, the University has facilities that provide support for clinical research, including bio banks (collection centres for human biological samples and related data, established for purposes of research and diagnosis) which must ensure the rights of all parties involved, and must meet certain qualitative, ethical, legal, and social standards.
There are a number of agreements in place between the University and hospitals and clinics which are part of the National Health Service network directed by resident physicians with university personnel on staff.
Those appearing in the list to the right represent just a sampling of current framework agreements with hospitals in the Lombardy region.
The list includes, in particular, those hospitals where University of Milan faculty members provide teaching activities in addition to research and clinical activities.
An important undertaking for public health by the University of Milan is represented by the University Veterinary Hospital of Lodi, a facility that grants access to the public, where professionals provide care to animals and work on animal biological matter as well.
Conceived and designed for medical-veterinary training, the Hospital provides both basic and specialty health care (diagnosis and treatment) to animals big and small (including unconventional and livestock), and to wild animals as well.
Especially important for the region is the clinical activity for cud-chewing animals and swine. It offers livestock operations, individuals and independent veterinarians diagnostic, treatment, and prophylaxis for cows, small ruminants, and pigs.
The Hospital (which is open 24/7, seven days a week) specialises in issues relating to livestock and pet breeding, with expertise ranging from obstetrics and gynaecology, to andrology, assisted reproduction, and neonatology.
Pre-graduate and post-graduate training for veterinarians offered by the Lodi Veterinary Hospital meets EAVE (European Association of Establishments for Veterinary Education) standards.