Animal Nutrition

A.Y. 2020/2021
10
Max ECTS
104
Overall hours
SSD
AGR/18
Language
Italian
Learning objectives
The course will focus the principles of animal nutrition, including digestive physiology and metabolism of companion and farm animals; nutrient properties and requirement for enhancing health and different aspects of animal production and performance; principles of feed evaluation and ration formulation will also be given.
Expected learning outcomes
Knowledge and understanding:the student must demonstrate knowledge of the nutritional characteristics and safety of the feedstuffs used in animal diets as well as the nutritional needs of the animals in the different physiological and production phases. Promote animal health through the adoption of suitable diets. Evaluate the condition of the body, the well-being and the state of nutrition of the animals in order to advise the client or the breeder the best food solution. Consider the costs of feed in particular with regard to the production aspect
Ability to apply knowledge and understanding: the student must demonstrate that he is able to apply the knowledge acquired through the formulation of rations both for animals from income in the different production phases, and for pets in the different physiological phases.Autonomy o judgment: The student must be able to deal critically and proactively with the study of the subject, analyzing the material provided by the teacher and the recommended textsCommunication skills: During the frontal and practical lessons, the student must be able to present the acquired knowledge, using appropriate terminology, updated and in harmony with the other disciplines.
Course syllabus and organization

Single session

Responsible
Lesson period
First semester
During the emergency teaching phase, lectures will also take place on Microsoft Teams in synchronous mode at established times and will be recorded and available on the platform itself in asynchronous mode.
The course will alternate different teaching techniques: lectures, exercises (feed formulation, data base consultation) and seminars. Lessons may also include pre-recorded materials. Educational outings will be replaced by remote seminars.
The program will remain unchanged, however the content of the individual lectures could be modified according to the teaching methods described above. Reference materials are unchanged. The teaching material will be uploaded to Ariel. The methods for verifying learning and the assessment criteria will not be subject to changes, it being understood that the exam will take place in person in writing or through the platforms made available by the University according to the directives in force at the time of the exam.
Prerequisites for admission
Passing the Zootechnics exam is mandatory preparatory. Knowledge of biochemistry and physiology are fundamental prerequisites
Assessment methods and Criteria
The exam takes place in a single practical test and includes:
- Three open questions (1 for each module) to which the student will have to answer clearly and concisely.
- Thirty multiple choice questions (10 for each module, 5 possible answers) with the possibility of choosing one or two correct answers.
- Two practical exercises that involve the development of a diet for pets and farm animals.
Nutrizione e salute animale
Course syllabus
Lectures
Introduction: metabolism and nutrients utilization, role of nutrition in health promoting (1 hour)
Carbohydrates: classification, role, sources, utilization in monogastrics and ruminantsl (3 hours)
Proteins: role, sources, utilization in monogastrics and ruminat (2 hours)
Lipids: role, sources, utilization in monogastrics and ruminants (2 hours)
Minerals: role, functions, mineral content in feed, dietary supplementation (2 hours)
Vitamins: role, functions, feed content, dietary supplementation (2 hours)
Energy repartitioning, nutritive value of and nutritive level (2 hours)
Chemical analysis of feed, digestibility, feed processing (2 hours)
Practical acitvities
Feed chemical composition, analysis, feed contamination (4 hours)
Feed nutritional evaluation: forages (4 hours)
Feed nutritional evaluation: concentrates (4 hours)
Principles of feed formulation (4 hours)
Teaching methods
The course consists of lectures and practical exercises which consist in the evaluation and recognition of the raw materials used in Animal Feed, evaluation of the body condition and nutritional status of the animals, development of manual and software rations. Each student works individually or in groups, under the guidance of the exercises. Verifications of learning are foreseen through theoretical questions and practical demonstrations, in order to consolidate the student's knowledge.
Projections of didactic films and possible thematic seminars complete the course. The slides used during the lectures are made available in the "contents" section of the site:
http://vbontemporm.ariel.ctu.unimi.it
Teaching Resources
Materiale utilizzato e discusso a lezione. Si consigliano inoltre i seguenti testi:
M. Antongiovanni, Buccioni A., M. Mele 2019 - Nutrizione e Alimentazione degli Animali in Produzione Zootecnica. Bovini, suini e polli - Edagricole, Bologna
Cevolani D. 2010 - Prontuario degli alimenti per il suino - Edagricole, Bologna
Ronchi, Savoini, Trabalza Marinucci 2020 - Manuale di Nutrizione dei Ruminanti da Latte - EdiSES, Università
Alimentazione degli animali da reddito: qualità e sicurezza alimentare
Course syllabus
Lectures
Dairy cattle
Recall of rumen physiology (1 hour)
Feeding dry and lactating cow (2 hours)
Weaning and growing heifers (1 hour)
Nutrition and diseases prevention (ketosis,milk fever, acidosis, displaced abomasum, Reproductive disorders, Laminitis) (2 hours).
Relationships between nutrition and quality/safety milk (2 hours)
Beef cattle
Feeding beef cattle (2 hours)
Nutritional diseases prevention (2 hours)
Pigs
Reproductive efficiency of the sow (1 hour)
Nutritional strategy at weaning (2 hours)
Feeding growing/fattening pigs (1 hour)
Practical activities
Feed formulation for dairy cattle (4 hours)
Feed formulation for beef cattle (4 hours)
Feed formulation for pigs (4 hours)
Feed processing(4 hours)
Teaching methods
Lectures are held in the classroom with the aid of slides. Students are invited to actively participate in the lessons, based on the knowledge acquired in the preparatory subjects
The exercises take place in the computer room: the students, divided into groups, develop manual rations and using software for dairy cows, beef cattle and pigs under the supervision of the teacher. During training, students are required to develop diets independently. Training are also scheduled at the facilities of the Zootechnical Center and educational visits to private farms.
Teaching Resources
Materiale utilizzato e discusso a lezione. Si consigliano inoltre i seguenti testi:
M. Antongiovanni, Buccioni A., M. Mele 2019 - Nutrizione e Alimentazione degli Animali in Produzione Zootecnica. Bovini, suini e polli - Edagricole, Bologna
Cevolani D. 2010 - Prontuario degli alimenti per il suino - Edagricole, Bologna
Ronchi, Savoini, Trabalza Marinucci 2020 - Manuale di Nutrizione dei Ruminanti da Latte - EdiSES, Università
Alimentazione e dietetica degli animali da compagnia
Course syllabus
Lectures
Basic principles of nutrition and feeding of companion animals. Nutritional differences between dog and cat (2 hours)
Dog
Nutrient requirements in lifestage (maintenance, reproduction, growing, senior) (2 hours)
Nutritional prevention of growing pathologies (2 hours)
Feeding working dos (2 hours)
Nutrient requirements of cat in maintenance, reproduction, growing, senior (2 hours)
Commercial food: characteristics, processing, communication (4 hours)
Principles of dietary management in diseases (4 hours)
Horse
Feeding the breeding mare and the foal (1 hour)
Feeding for performance and nutrients during exercise (1 hour)
Nutritional prevention of diseases (2 hours)
Practical activities
Feed evaluation (4 hours)
Nutritional status evaluation of dogs and cats (4 hours)
Commercial and home-prepared diets for dogs and cats (4 hours)
Feed formulation for horses (4 hours)
Teaching methods
The lessons are held in the classroom with the aid of slides. Students are invited to actively participate in the lessons, based on the knowledge acquired in the preparatory subjects
The exercises take place in the classroom / computer room. The students, divided into groups, develop manual rations (housewives and commercial) for dogs and cats in the different physiological phases under the supervision of the teacher. They also develop diets for horses. During the exercises, students are required to develop diets independently.
Teaching Resources
Material used and discussed in class (available on Ariel). We also recommend the following texts:
Hand, Thatcher, Remillard, Roudebush, Novotny - Small Animal Clinica Nutrition, 5th Ed., Mark Morris Institute
NRC 2006 - Nutrient Requirements of dogs and cats - National Academic Press, Washington D.C.
Alimentazione degli animali da reddito: qualità e sicurezza alimentare
AGR/18 - ANIMAL NUTRITION AND FEEDING - University credits: 3
Practicals: 16 hours
Lessons: 16 hours
Shifts:
Professor: Bontempo Valentino
Turno 1 per tutti gli studenti
Professor: Pastorelli Grazia
Turno 2 per un gruppo di studenti
Professor: Pastorelli Grazia
Turno 3 per un gruppo di studenti
Professor: Pastorelli Grazia
Alimentazione e dietetica degli animali da compagnia
AGR/18 - ANIMAL NUTRITION AND FEEDING - University credits: 4
Practicals: 16 hours
Lessons: 24 hours
Shifts:
Professor: Bontempo Valentino
Turno 1 per tutti gli studenti
Professor: Fusi Eleonora
Turno 2 per un gruppo di studenti
Professor: Fusi Eleonora
Turno 3 per un gruppo di studenti
Professor: Fusi Eleonora
Nutrizione e salute animale
AGR/18 - ANIMAL NUTRITION AND FEEDING - University credits: 3
Practicals: 16 hours
Lessons: 16 hours